II. BACKGROUND
We will investigate an
N
=2 supersymmetric (SUSY) model consisting of two
N
=2 hypermultiplets (
h
ai
,ψ
a
,F
ai
),labelled by
a
=1
,
2, with opposite charges
q
a
=
±
q
, coupled to an
N
=2 abelian vector multiplet (
A
µ
,M,N,λ
i
, D
)(in WessZumino gauge),
i
=1
,
2, plus a FayetIliopoulos term
k
·
D
, where
k
can be taken to be (0
,
0
,k
) withoutloss of generality[3]. This last term is responsible for breaking the
U
(1) gauge symmetry, although it preserves thesupersymmetry.Using the conventions of [12], the Lagrangian we are interested in can be written as
L
=12
D
µ
h
ia
D
µ
h
ai
+
i
¯
ψ
a
γ
µ
D
µ
ψ
a
+
i
2¯
λ
i
γ
µ
∂
µ
λ
i
−
14
F
µν
F
µν
+
i
ˆ
q
a
h
ia
¯
λ
i
ψ
a
−
i
ˆ
q
a
¯
ψ
a
λ
i
h
ai
−
12
H
11
−
H
22
−
12
2
−
12
H
12
+
H
21
2
−
12
iH
12
−
iH
21
2
,
(1)where ˆ
q
a
=
q
a
/q
,
h
ia
=
h
∗
aj
,
H
ij
=
−
(ˆ
q
a
/
2)
h
ia
h
aj
,
D
µ
=
∂
µ
+
i
ˆ
q
a
A
µ
and
A
µ
is a U(1) gauge ﬁeld. Auxiliary ﬁelds havebeen eliminated, all ﬁelds with zero vacuum expectation value (that is,
M
and
N
), have been set to zero and suitablerescalings have been performed[3].We can use a Bogomol’nyi argument to express the energy of the bosonic part of a static, straight vortex conﬁguration as
E
=12
d
2
x

(
D
1
+
iD
2
)
h
11

2
+

(
D
1
−
iD
2
)
h
12

2
+

(
D
1
+
iD
2
)
h
21

2
+

(
D
1
−
iD
2
)
h
22

2
+
B
+ (
H
11
−
H
22
+12)
2
+ (
H
12
+
H
21
)
2
+ (
iH
12
−
iH
21
)
2
−
12
d
2
xB ,
(2)where
B
=
∂
1
A
2
−
∂
2
A
1
, and the integral in the last term is the magnetic ﬂux, which is quantised in units of 2
π
. TheBogomol’nyi equations can then be immediately read oﬀ (
D
1
+
iD
2
)
h
11
= 0; (
D
1
−
iD
2
)
h
12
= 0; (3)(
D
1
+
iD
2
)
h
21
= 0; (
D
1
−
iD
2
)
h
22
= 0;
H
21
=
H
12
= 0;
B
+
H
11
−
H
22
+
12
= 0
.
The only solutions to these equations have
h
12
=
h
21
=0 (this was dubbed a “vacuum selection eﬀect” in [3]) ; theremaining equations are those of a semilocal string[6,7] in (
h
11
,h
∗
22
).Up to global SU(2) transformations in the (
h
11
,h
∗
22
) space, the unit winding, cylindrically symmetric semilocalstring solution can be expressed as
h
11
=
f
(
r
)
e
iθ
;
h
22
=
g
(
r
);
A
θ
=
a
(
r
)
.
(4)with boundary conditions
f
(0)=
a
(0)=
g
′
(0)=0 and
f
(
∞
)=1,
g
(
∞
)=0 and
a
(
∞
)=
−
1.
g
(
r
) is given by
g
(
r
) =
κf
(
r
)
r.
(5)where the constant
κ
essentially measures the width of the string, ranging from
κ
=0 –the NielsenOlesen [13] string–to
κ
=
∞
–a
CP
1
instanton[7]–. Note the lack of winding in
h
22
and furthermore that
h
22
does not necessarily haveto be zero at
r
=0. Note also that
B
is always negative with this choice of boundary condition, and its total ﬂux doesnot depend on
κ
.