If he was you. *
Este folosit in subordonate pentru a exprima o actioune contrara realitatii.a)in SB dupa it’s (high) time:
It’s high time you went to bed.
b)In CD dupa verbul wish:
I wish you were telling the truth.
She talked as if she were ill.
If I saw him, I would give him your message.
Even though he were ill, he would not miss school.
Se traduce cu conjunctivul prezent sau conditionalul prezent.III. SUBJONCTIVUL ANALITIC I / SUBJONCTIVUL PREZENT-are aceasta forma la toate persoanele:
I / you/ he/ she/ it/ we/ they
Exprima o stare sau actiune contrara realitatii. Ea poate fi :a) anterioara actiunii sau starii exprrimate prin vb din propoziatia principala.
He wishes he had not been so careless of his duty.
b) simultana cu un verb la un timp perfect din principala:
If he had been in the workshop, he would have helped you.
B: INTREBUINTARE SI INTELES
Este intrebuintat dupa:
if, as if, as though, (al)though, that, so that, lest
(= ca sa nu),
for fear, before, ere
whatever, till, until, provided, but
(decat, daca nu, sa nu),
supposing, unless, whether
(fie)Si dupa verbele:
Exprima:a) o comparatie ireala sau o preferinta ireala (dupa
as if, as though, rather, than (if) , than (that)
Mother treats me as if I were a little girl.
b) o concesie dupa
even if, even though, however, whatever…
So it be! (
asa sa fie!)
Come what may
Fie ce-o fi!)
Even though he had come earlier, he would have missed her. Even if it were so, this is no easy matter.
c) o conditie ireala, realizabila sau nu (in propozitii conditionale)
If your wife were with us, she would see to everything. If you had met them, you would have liked them.
d) o dorinta, in propozitii optative:
I wish I were a student again.
e) o exclamatie, o formula retorica:
Oh! That it were posssible. (oh, daca ar fi posibil)
f)imprecatii, proteste vehemente sau nu:
Drat that fellow
! (La naiba cu el!)
(duca-se la naiba!)
Along it all!
Go on with you!
(Las-o balta! Cum am sa cred asa ceva)g)o indoiala:
I doubt if he be in. (arhaic)/ I don’t think he is in.
: if this be true, he is a clever man.
i)O propunere, sugestie, indemn, cerere, ordin
It was suggested that she give a specimen lesson.Someone come here and sing!
j) un scop (dupa:
that, in order than, so that, lest)
He put in an application that Mary be accepted to evening class.
(A facut cererea ca Maria sa fie primita lacursul seral)2