International Journal of Computer Information Systems,Vol. 4, No.1, 2012
Simulation Study on Improved AODVRouting Protocol
Subramanya Bhat. M,
Thontadharya H. J and
Devaraju. J. T.
Department of Electronic Science,Bangalore University,Bangalore, India.
Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) is a network of wireless mobile nodes which communicate with each otherwithout any centralized control or established infrastructure.Routing is a critical task in MANET where the nodes are mobile.In this paper an attempt has been made to evaluate theperformance of prominent routing protocol of MANET: Ad-hocOn-Demand Distance Vector Routing (AODV) and ImprovedAd-hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing (I-AODV)protocol. The performance differentials are analysed usingvarious metrics like throughput, average end-to-end delay, totalbytes received and average jitter.
Keywords- AODV, End-to-end delay, Reactive routing,Throughput, Jitter.
IntroductionMobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) is a decentralizedwireless ad-hoc network. The network is ad-hoc because itdoes not rely on a preexisting infrastructure, such as routers inwired networks or access points in managed (infrastructure)wireless networks. MANET is a self-configuring network of mobile nodes connected by wireless links; the union of theseforms an arbitrary topology. The participating nodes act asrouters if they are along the path to the destination. These arefree to move randomly and manage themselves arbitrarily;thus, the network's wireless topology may change rapidly andunpredictably. Such a network may operate in a standalonefashion or may be connected to the larger Internet . TheMANETs working group (WG) within the InternetEngineering Task Force (IETF) works specifically ondeveloping IP routing protocols topologies. To improvemobile routing and interface definition standards for usewithin the Internet protocol suite .In spite of extensive research work on MANET, it does nothave a complete form of Internet based standards till recently.In 2003 drafts for the routing protocols were proposed byIETF working group and are referred as Request forComments (RFCs) . In these RFCs the questions related toimplementation or deployment of the routing protocols areunanswered. But these proposed algorithms are identified as atrial technology and there are high chances that they will bedeveloped into a standard . Extensive research work in thisarea is in progress with studies on different routing protocolssuch as Ad-hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV),Dynamic Source Routing (DSR), Temporarily OrderedRouting Algorithm (TORA) and Optimized Link StateRouting (OLSR) .Routing is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic. The basic groups of routing protocols in MANETs are Proactive routing protocol,Reactive routing protocol and Hybrid Protocol. The Proactiverouting protocol is generally called table driven protocol and itdetects the network layout periodically. Reactive routingprotocol is called on-demand routing protocol and finds theroute when a source node requests to communicate with theother. On-demand approach is suitable for the nodes with highmobility and nodes that transmit data rarely. The maindrawback of reactive routing protocols is that the source nodebroadcasts the routing requests in the whole network and itwaits for the responses. This route discovery procedure causessignificant delay and makes them less suitable for real timetraffic . Hybrid routing protocol integrates the merits of Proactive and Reactive Protocols.The performance evaluation of reactive protocol (AODV)and improved AODV will be carried out with respect toparameters such as Average End-to- End delay, Average Jitter,Total bytes received, Total packets received and Throughputusing Qualnet 5.0.2 network simulator.II.
Literature SurveyExtensive research work has been done in the field of MANET routing protocols. Some of the related works are
discussed here. In document “Ad hoc On
Vector (AODV) Routing” 
authors have come out withRFC 3561 which explains AODV Routing protocol.
In the paper “Performance Comparison of
Ad-HocWireless Network Routing Protocols
 four differentrouting protocols like AODV, TORA, DSDV and DSR arecompared. It is shown through simulation results that DSRgenerates less routing load than AODV.Performance comparison of AODV and DSR routingprotocols in a constrained situation is done using GloMoSim
by authors in the paper “Performance Comparison of
AODV/DSR On-Demand Routing Protocols for Ad Hoc
Networks in Constrained Situation” .
A comparison of Link State, AODV and DSR protocolsfor two different traffic classes, in a selected environment isdone in
“Performance Comparison of Routing Protocols for Ad hoc Networks”
In „„Evaluation of Ad Hoc Routing Protocols in RealSimulation Environments‟‟,  the authors give different kind
of conclusions about the MANET routing protocols i.e.DSDV, AODV and DSR these are simulated in NS2.
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