International Journal of Advances in Science and Technology,Vol. 4, No.1, 2012
Ten frequency bands for spectral splitting with compression(For right ear).
Filter for right earBandCentre frequency kHzPass band frequency kHz
During the process of frequency transformation, as poles were changed, compression was achieved,and useful to the hearing impaired having high frequency impairment and changes in the acousticattributes such as the averaged power spectrum and formant transitions were observed .
2. Materials and methods
The speech material
Earlier studies have used CV, VC, CVC, and VCV syllables. It has been reported earlier that greatermasking takes place in intervocalic consonants due to the presence of vowels on both sides . Sinceour primary objective is to study improvement in consonantal identification due to reduction in theeffect of masking, so VCV syllables are used.For the evaluation of the speech processing strategies, a set of fifteen nonsense syllables in VCVcontext with consonants / p, b, t, d, k, g, m, n, s, z, f, v, r, l, y / and vowel /
/ as in farmer were used.The features selected for study were voicing (voiced: / b d g m n z v r l y / and unvoiced: / p t k s f /),place (front: / p b m f v /, middle: / t d n s z r l /, and back: / k g y /), manner (oral stop: / p b t d k g l y /, fricative: / s z f v r /, and nasals: / m n /), nasality (oral: / p b t d k g s z f v r l y /, nasal: /m n /),frication (stop: / p b t d k g m n l y /, fricative:
s z f v r /), and duration (short: / p b t d k g m n f v l / and long: /s z r y /).
The Speech processing strategies
For many signals, the low-frequency content is the most important part. It is what gives the signalits identity. The high-frequency content, on the other hand, imparts flavor or nuance. Consider thehuman voice. If you remove the high-frequency components, the voice sounds different, but you canstill tell what's being said. However, if you remove enough of the low-frequency components, you heargibberish.In basic filtering process, the original signal passes through two complementary filters and emergesas two signals. Unfortunately, if we actually perform this operation on a real digital signal, we wind upwith twice as much data as we started with. Suppose, for instance, the original signal consists of 1000samples of data. Then the resulting signals will each have 1000 samples, for a total of 2000.Thesesignals A and D are interesting, but we get 2000 values instead of the 1000.
Multilevel decomposition by DWT
There exists a more subtle way to perform the decomposition using wavelets. By looking carefullyat the computation, we may keep only one point out of two in each of the two 2000-length samples toget the complete information. This is the notion of down sampling. We produce two sequences calledcA and cD, which includes down sampling, produces DWT coefficients .The decomposition processcan be iterated, with successive approximations being decomposed in turn, so that one signal is broken
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