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Published by: musab_ on Feb 15, 2012
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A comet is an object that travels around the sun leaving a bright trailbehind. For more than two thousand years, the return of Halley's Comet hasbeen observed and recorded on Earth every 76 years. Its 1986 visit,however, was the first time that humans took a close look at its nucleus. Onespacecraft went within a few hundred kilometres of the nucleus. Two Sovietcraft, Vega 1 and Vega 2, came within 10,000 km of the nucleus on March6th and March 9th; and the European Space Agency's Giotto space probepassed within 600 km of Halley's Comet on March 14th. Pioneer VenusOrbiter found that the cloud of gases and dust which make up the tail spreadover a region about 20,000,000 km across, 15 times larger than the Sun.Scientists also discovered that the comet was losing about ten metres of material from its surface every orbit, suggesting a lifetime of about only] ,000 orbits - in about 100,000 years it will disappear.
A. Mark the statements as True (T) or False (F).1. Halley's Comet was first seen more than 2000 years ago.2. In 1986, two of the spacecraft which observed Halley's Comet were fromthe Soviet Union.3. The sun measures 20,000,000 km across.4. Halley's Comet has a lifetime of about 100,000 years left because it islosing material from its surface every orbit.B.1. How often can Halley's Comet be observed from Earth?2. What is the tail of Halley's Comet made up of?1
In October 1981, newspapers in the USA and the UK reportedplans for a 169-storey building in Chicago. If this is built, it will bealmost twice as tall as the 384-metre Empire State Building in NewYork.5 Since the early days of civilised man, buildings have been gettinghigher all the time. Today, all large cities have tall buildings, either foruse as offices or as flats. These are called high-rise buildings. Thetallest of a]i in fact, are not used for offices or for living, but arespecial structures for radio and television. For instance,Warsaw Radio10 Mast in Poland, which is 646 metres tall, is the tallest of suchstructures. The world's tallest office building is the Sears Tower inChicago. This has 110 storeys, and reaches a height of 443 metres.16,700 people work inside the building, and there are more than onehundred lifts for their use.15 But why do we have high buildings? Is there any real advantage?The most common reason given is that in many cities there is a lack of space.The island of Manhattan, New York City, is a good example of this. Here, office space is very expensive. There is no more land.20 Buildings have to go up. The same reason is given for high officebuildings in Tokyo, London and other large cities of the world.But what about people? Is it really necessary to build highbuildings for people to live in?Today, there are many who believe high buildings actually damage25 people's minds and feelings. These people believe high-rise buildings:-have no advantages, except for their owners and for banks-are not cheap to build-do not help create open space-destroy the landscape30 -cause crime-are not good for children-are expensive to look afterHigh-rise buildings lower the quality of life. The following reportsshow this.35 Report from England, 1967: The higher people live off the ground,the more likely they are to suffer from mental illnesses. Women,because they spend most time at home, suffer most.

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