C e n t r e s a n d p e r i p h e r i e s i n O t t o m a n a r c h i t e c t u r e : r e d i s c o v e r i n g a B a l k a n h e r i t a g e
the one hand, the appearance of a communalmosque, either a converted church or a new building, situated at a focal point of the city, andon the other by a complex centered around a T-shaped multifunctional
outside the walled part of the city.
The T-shaped buildings, the form of whichis claimed by some scholars to architecturally derive from Central Anatolian dervish lodges
,combined in a single structure an elevated prayerhall in an either vaulted or domed
, a centralspace, and two to four side-rooms (
In contemporary sourcesthey are simultaneously referred to as
. As a rule these buildings never stoodalone, but were part of complexes usually includ-ing a
, soup kitchen, and in many cases the tomb of the person who commis-sioned its construction. The exact functions of these buildings are still debated in the scholarly literature, but one could safely assert that thesebuildings were meant to provide shelter for im-
or Geyikli Baba), and to accommodate various wandering dervishes, important travellers, and warriors of the faith. Moreover, these complexesalways provided other important social servicessuch as providing food free of charge to the poor
development are Gabriel, Albert.
Une capitale turque Brousse-Brusa
mimârîsinin ilk devri, 630-805
Das islamische Iznik
Essays in honour of Aptullah Kuran,
8 Emir, Sedat.
2 vols. Izmir: Akademi Kitabevi,
The mosque in early Ottoman architecture.
Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press,
identity and territorialization
Unpublished MA thesis, Middle East
subjects or travellers, and supported religiousschools which had provided the links to the
. The T-shaped
s were, as a rule, built
-eval city, without any other system or regularity in planning Making use of the topography, thebuildings were organically integrated in the city’slandscape. In this respect the old capital Bursa,
-plexes, not only could be seen as emblematic, butalso the great number of T-shaped buildings and
Being a major focus of royal patronage the T-shaped
s became a key mechanism
-tate the growth of urban settlement. By extend-
dynasty to outlying areas, the rulers marked the
important strategic points, the T-shaped
s and their complexes were most probably
for those coming in. Therefore they were in mostcases lavishly decorated and imposing structures.
constructed a clear message demonstrating thechange and highlighting the leadership of theirdynasty.
By examining the urban transformation of important Byzantine cities such as Bursa and
redesigning urban space repeatedly followed by the sultans and their dignitaries. A new Muslimcore emerged at a focal point where a big sultanicmosque was instituted. Simultaneously, or soon
10 A comprehensive overview of sultanic complexes in Bursa is foundin Gabriel,
Une capitale turque
Ahistory of the Ottoman architecture.
The Ottoman city and its parts: urban structure and social order
. Eds. Irene Bierman et al. New Rochelle: Aristide D. Caratzas,
Turkish Studies Association Bulletin
, Vol. XX, No. 1, pp. 40-55;
Constantinopolis/Istanbul: cultural encounters,imperial vision, and the construction of the Ottoman capital
. University Park: