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Table Of Contents

Setting up the Commission
Establishing a communication strategy
Publication of Rules and Procedure
Consultations with Government Departments and Others
Role of Civil Society
Standing Before the Commission
Methodological Issues
Alleged Perpetrators: To Name or Not To Name?
The Use of Political Violence
Land and Inequality
Unemployed Youth
The North Rift Region
Introduction
Nature and extent of violence
Impact of the Violence
Response by Police and Provincial Administration
The Provincial Administration and Security Forces
Intelligence Concerning Post-Election Violence and Its Use
Was the violence spontaneous?
Findings
Central Rift Region
Molo District
Koibatek District: Attempted Ethnic Cleansing
Nakuru District: Organized Attacks and Counter-Attacks
Naivasha District: Planned Criminal Attacks by Mungiki and Kikuyu politicians
Narok District
The South Rift and Kisii Region
CHAPTER FOUR Violence in Western and Nyanza Provinces
Western Province
Nyanza Province
Violence in Nairobi, Central and Coast Provinces
Nairobi
Central Province
Coast Province
PART III
CHAPTER SIX
Sexual Violence
Collecting Evidence
Public Testimony by Expert Witnesses
Testimony from Victims
Who Were the Victims of Sexual Violence?
Who Were the Perpetrators?
Security Forces
Organized Gangs
Neighbours and Others individual Criminals
Humanitarian Workers and IDP Service Providers
Unintended Sexual Consequences of General Violence
Impact of the Victims’ Health and Socio-Economic Conditions
Institutional and Legal Challenges to Responding to Sexual Violence
Recommendations
Conclusion and Recommendations
CHAPTER EIGHT
The Media and the Post Election Violence
CHAPTER NINE
Extent and Consequences of the Post-Election Violence:
Deaths, Injuries and Destruction of Property
CHAPTER TEN
Findings in Relation to the Extent of Violence
Findings In Relation to the Causes and Patterns of the Post- Election Violence
Findings In Relation to Sexual Violence
Findings In relation to Internally Displaced Persons
PART IV
Acts and Omissions of State Security Agencies and Impunity
CHAPTER ELEVEN
State Security Agencies
Identifying the key issues
How Prepared were the Agencies?
How Did State Security Agencies (SSAs) Respond to the PEV?
The Operational Environment
Use of Force
Omissions and Misconduct (by police)
Outside influence on police decisions
State Security Agencies and Systems Failures
Positive Responses by State Security Agencies
Reviewing performance
Findings on Responses to the Post Election Violence
The Police
Findings on the use of Force
Findings in relation to Investigations
Findings relating to criminal offending by police officers
Findings relating to partiality
Findings relating to a lack of independence
Findings relating to secrecy
Findings relating to failure to respond
Findings in relation to policies, systems and processes
Findings in relation to dealing with complaints
Findings in relation to resourcing
Findings in relation to review and improvement arrangements
Findings in relation to other Security Agencies
Rationale for Recommended Action Regarding the Police
Background
The Current Reform Programme
Dealing with perpetrators
Using a Reform Catalyst
Integration of the Kenya Police Service and Administration Police
Police Act
Police Service Commission
A modern Code of Conduct
Strengthening Investigations
Civilian Oversight of Police (Police Conduct)
International Police Oversight Entities
CHAPTER TWELVE
Impunity
Definition of Impunity
Investigation, Prosecution and Adjudication of Guilt
The Akiwumi Commission of Inquiry
Other aspects of the Criminal Justice System
Obstacles to Investigation of Post Election Violence (PEV)
Lack of political will and fear of the political establishment
The Judicial Function
Amnesty
Meaning
The debate
The numbers
The law
Conclusion
PART V
CHAPTER THIRTEEN
Specific Recommendations for the Police
APPENDIXES
Appendix “D”
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Waki Report

Waki Report

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Published by Kenya Imagine
Report on the Post Election Violence in Kenya
Report on the Post Election Violence in Kenya

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Published by: Kenya Imagine on Nov 20, 2008
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