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knock alarm using piezoelectric material;

knock alarm using piezoelectric material;

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Published by Raj Shekar
it would be help full
it would be help full

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Published by: Raj Shekar on Feb 16, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/21/2014

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  VARDHAMAN COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
(Approved by AICTE, New Delhi, Affiliated to JNTUH and Accredited by NBA)
MINI PROJECTON
KNOCK ALARM USING PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIAL
UNDER THE GUIDENCE OFMRS. A. VIJAYA LAKSHMIBYB.RAJA SHEKAR (08881A0430)DEPARTMENT OFELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
1
 
Abstract
In this modern world everyone wants something new, something different, so instead of using aswitch to ring the door bell just an alarm is produced by knocking the door which people feelmore luxurious. The circuit of automatic alarm on knocking uses a thin piezoelectric plate,senses the vibration generated on knocking a surface (such as a door or a table) to activate thealarm and can also be used to safeguard motor vehicles. The piezoelectric plate is used as thesensor. It consist IC 555 Timer to which speaker is connected at the output. Piezoelectricmaterial is used at the input in order to convert any mechanical vibration into electrical variation,it avoids false triggering. The plate can be fixed on a door, cash box, cupboard, etc usingadhesive. A 1-1.5m long, shielded wire is connected between the sensor plate and the input of the circuit. A led is placed at the output of the IC 555 Timer. The circuit operates off a 9V or a12V battery.
Contents:
2
 
1)Introduction2)Block Diagram
3)
Resistors and Capacitors4)Transistors5)Diode6)Integrated Circuiti.555 Timea)Inputs of 555
 b)
Output of 555c)Loud Speaker d)Relay coils and other inductive loadse)555 Astable modef)Astable Operationg)Duty Cycle1)Piezoelectric Sensor i.Introductionii.Comparison of sensing principlesiii.Principle Of Operationa)Transverse effect b)Longitudinal effectc)Shear effecti.Sensor Designii.Piezoelectric energy harvestingiii.Materialsiv.Specificationsa)Standard products b)Constructionc)Electric performanced)Mechanical performancee)Environmental performancei.Operating Precautations3

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