Participation in Government
American children attended separate and clearly unequalschools. The NAACP and their attorney, Thurgood Marshall,decided to take action against this racial discrimination. InBrown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954), a black girlwanted to go to a school closer to her home than her schoolat the time, but the closer school was all white. She had tofight for her right to an education. This case would becomeone of the most important decisions made by the WarrenCourt. They decided that the decision made in Plessy v.Ferguson was wrong and “separate but equal” wasunconstitutional because the African-American schools werenever equal and the children were harmed and made to feelinferior by being separated. They overturned the Plessydecision, declaring separation in public educationunconstitutional under the 14
Amendment, and orderedthat public schools be integrated “with all deliberate speed.” The decision was the first of many monumental events of thecivil rights era that eventually ended segregation in publicfacilities and changed America’s attitudes and respect forpeople of different races.Two Supreme Court cases with opposing rulings, Plessyv. Ferguson and Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka,made big impacts on America’s historical story. Bothchanged the race relations of their times against or in favorof black Americans. After the Civil War and in the heart of the Civil Rights Movement, the two decisions will beremembered long after they happened.
Why is this a
1) It develops all aspects of the task by discussing
Plessy v. Ferguson
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
2) It is both descriptive and analytical…for example, it doesn’t just statewhat the 14
Amendment says, but it goes further to say that the decision in
Plessy v. Ferguson
that the “separate but equal” policy was constitutionalunder the 14
Amendment allowed for the “perpetuation of racism and prejudice in America toward people of color.” That’s good analysis!
Curriculum created by Joel Troge – The International High School at Lafayette – 2012