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Justice Department Budget Proposal

Justice Department Budget Proposal

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Published by Peggy Satterfield
Budget Year 2013
Budget Year 2013

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Published by: Peggy Satterfield on Feb 17, 2012
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Funding Highlights:
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Provides $27.1 billion in discretionary unding, a decrease o 0.4 percent below the 2012level. Savings are achieved by prioritizing uniquely Federal responsibilities and streamliningprograms and operations. Core Federal programs including law enorcement, litigation, andprisons and detention, however, are unded at 1.2 percent above 2012 levels.
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Invests more than $700 million to investigate and prosecute fnancial crimes, an increaseo $55 million over 2012. The Budget provides unding or additional FBI agents, criminalprosecutors, civil litigators, in-house investigators, and orensic accountants to improve theDepartment’s capacity to investigate and prosecute the ull spectrum o fnancial raud.
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Supports the Department’s national security mission by ully unding the National SecurityDivision and providing or FBI programs critical to mitigating and countering terrorism threats.
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Finances eorts to combat transnational criminal organizations and maintain the security othe Southwest border with new investments in intelligence capabilities and nearly $2 billion inSouthwest border enorcement spending.
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Increases unding or the investigation and deterrence o intellectual property crime by $5million or additional attorneys and FBI agents, bringing total spending to nearly $40 millionannually.
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Maintains sae and secure capacity in Federal prisons and detention acilities and continuesactivation o completed but not yet occupied prisons to address population growth.
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Prioritizes uniquely Federal responsibilities, streamlines programs, and redirects unding toimprove the capabilities o the Department o Justice law enorcement agencies.
•
Consistent with Administration-wide eorts to help States maximize eective activities, theBudget continues to assist State and local criminal justice programs with more than $2 billionin program assistance or police hiring, general purpose criminal justice assistance, violenceagainst women programs, and Second Chance Act grants; the same as in 2012.
DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
 
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DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICEThe Department o Justice (DOJ) is responsibleor enorcing laws and deending the interests o the United States; ensuring public saety againstoreign and domestic threats; providing Federalleadership in preventing and controlling crime;punishing those guilty o unlawul behavior; andensuring air and impartial administration o  justice or all Americans. On April 25, 2011, the Attorney General laid out our priorities to guideand ocus the Department’s uture work: protect-ing Americans rom terrorism; protecting Ameri-cans rom violent crime; protecting Americansrom nancial raud; and protecting the most vul-nerable members o our society. The President’sBudget supports these priorities and protectsthe progress that has already been made in keyprograms, including civil rights enorcement. TheBudget also refects the need to operate withintight scal constraints while continuing to sup-port ongoing requirements such as keeping pacewith the continuing growth in the Federal prisonpopulation.
 Enforces Laws and Protects U.S. Interests
Combats Financial Fraud.
Honest and aircompetition, based on transparent rules equallyapplied, is the cornerstone o our economy andour competitiveness. To continue its aggressiveeorts to combat nancial, mortgage, and otherraud, the Administration proposes more than$700 million, an increase o $55 million over the2012 enacted level. These unds will support theDepartment’s investigation and prosecution o the broad range o crimes that all under the de-nition o nancial raud, including securities andcommodities raud, investment scams, mortgageoreclosure schemes, and eorts to deraud eco-nomic recovery programs. The Department alsoplays a leading role in coordinating reerrals o cases rom other agencies and will work to im-prove capacity Government-wide to respond toraud. Additional resources will allow the agen-cies, as well as dierent DOJ components, tobetter assist each other in the investigation andlitigation eorts. In 2011, these eorts led to therecovery o more than $5.6 billion in nes andpenalties, an increase o more than 167 percentsince 2008.
Counters the Threat of Terrorism andStrengthens National Security.
Combatingthe threat o terrorism remains a top priority orDOJ—not only or the saety o our citizens, butalso the security o our economy and inormationinrastructure, which are critical to America’sglobal competitiveness. The Budget thereoremaintains recent increases related to intelligencegathering and surveillance capabilities. Fund-ing is preserved or the Comprehensive NationalCybersecurity Initiative, the High-Value Detain-ee Interrogation Group, the Joint Terrorism TaskForces, as well as other critical counterterrorismand counterintelligence programs.
Combats Transnational Organized Crimeand Maintains the Security of the SouthwestBorder.
The Budget provides enhancements orthe International Organized Crime Intelligenceand Operations Center and eorts to disrupt anddismantle the most signicant drug trackingorganizations and their related entities. Workingcooperatively, DOJ components and other law en-orcement agencies develop a list o ConsolidatedPriority Targets. These targets become the ocusor investigative and prosecutorial resources. The Administration is also making a concerted eortto combat crime along the Southwest border andprovides nearly $2 billion in unding support orthe Administration’s Southwest border securitypriorities; including those priorities started withthe passage o the 2010 Southwest Border Securi-ty Supplemental Appropriations Act, (Public Law111–230).
Promotes Innovation by Protecting Intel-lectual Property Rights.
Recent technologicaladvances, particularly in methods o manuactur-ing and distribution, have created new opportu-nities or businesses o all sizes to innovate andgrow. These advancements, however, have alsocreated new vulnerabilities, which tech-savvycriminals are eager to exploit. As a result, therehas been an alarming rise in intellectual prop-erty (IP) crimes, illegal activities that not onlydevastate individual lives and legitimate busi-
 
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2013
139
nesses, but undermine our nancial stability andprosperity. Thereore, the Administration is de- voting nearly $40 million to identiy and deeatintellectual property criminals, an increase o $5million over 2012. The Administration’s eortshave already resulted in shutting down 350 web-sites engaged in the illegal sale and distributiono countereit goods and copyrighted works. Addi-tionally, international partnerships and joint ini-tiatives have enabled experts to train or educatein IP protection more than 2,500 oreign judges,prosecutors, investigators, and other ocialsrom over 30 countries.
Maintains Safe and Secure PrisonCapacity.
The Budget proposes $8.5 billion,a 4 percent increase over 2012, or Federalprisons and detention acilities. These unds areprovided to sta and operate recently completedprisons as well as address additional capacityrequirements due to projected growth in theFederal detainee population. An additional $13million is provided to expand inmate re-entryprograms that help ensure inmates are wellprepared to re-enter society and become positiveand productive members o their communities.The Administration will also continue to exploreopportunities to reduce the prison population,with a ocus on non-violent oenders.
 Improves the Way Federal Dollars areSpent
Explores Improvements to the Prosecu-tion of Criminals.
The Administration is com-mitted to a smarter allocation o resources orcrime prevention and public saety; one that uti-lizes Federal resources more eciently and e-ectively to address the wide range o criminal justice and national security threats acing thecountry. The U.S. Attorneys will continue to leadeorts to ensure that law enorcement investi-gations are conducted in a manner that leads tostrong case presentation and results in eectiveand successul prosecutions, thereby improvingthe eectiveness o all the Department’s lawenorcement activities.
Strategically Invests in Law Enforcementby Streamlining Activities and ReducingDuplication.
DOJ’s law enorcement componentshave grown 106 percent rom 2001 to 2012 andnow encompass more than 50 percent o theDepartment’s total budget. Recognizing this, the Administration proposes to strategically alignthe Department’s law enorcement resourcesand invest $12.4 billion in the FBI, the DrugEnorcement Administration, the Bureau o  Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives,and the U.S. Marshals. Although this undingis slightly below the 2012 enacted level, the Administration is encouraged by the continuingdownward trend in violent crime rates. Despitethese improvements, however, the Administrationremains vigilant and understands that orprogress to continue, Federal law enorcementmust be aligned with today’s criminal justicechallenges. As such, the Department is ocusingits law enorcement resources oremost onpreventing, protecting against, and mitigatingterrorist threats; disrupting and dismantlingorganized and sophisticated criminal enterprises;deending against the penetration o the Nation’scritical inormation inrastructure; and ensuringthe saety o those most at risk. In addition,the Department has identied $138 millionin savings and administrative eciencies. Forexample, task orces with similar missions andgeographic commonality will be considered orconsolidation or elimination; oces, acilities,and inormation technology systems will berestructured and condensed; and gang and drugintelligence and operations will be streamlined,reduced, or eliminated.
 Makes Targeted Investments for Stateand Local Assistance Initiatives
Provides Funding for Juvenile Justiceand Child Safety Programs.
The Budget pro- vides $312 million or Juvenile Justice and ChildSaety programs that assist States with their ju- venile justice systems. Research indicates thatmore than 60 percent o children have been ex-posed to violence, crime, and abuse. This prob-lem has signicant consequences or individuals,

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