Lesson 3 : Input, Output, and Storage
Enable a user to input data and commands for the computer to be processed
A. THE KEYBOARD
: represent a key that is sent to the computer
Divided into sections:
: These are the standard
alphabetic and numeric characters
: are special keys that perform
: used for
: used to
move the cursor
around the screen
B. THE MOUSE:
It is a pointing device, that rolls around a flat surface and controls the location of the pointer on thescreen.ii.Performs the following functions:
: placing the on-screen pointer at a specific place
Pressing and releasing the mouse button
: holding down the mouse button and drag objects to new location
Pressing and releasing twice.
pressing the right mouse buttoniii.Other devices that control the on-screen pointer:
This is like a mouse turned upside down. You roll a ball around with fingers to controlthe location of the pointers. Mostly found in notebook computers.
Joystick and wheel:
Joysticks consist of a metal or plastic handle mounted on a basea.Used for video gamesb.Have buttons that can be pushed to control input/output
POINTING STICK :
A pressure-sensitive device that resembles a pencil eraser, mostly on notebook computers
GRAPHICS TABLET :
A flat drawing surface and the figure or writing can be input to the computer for processing
TOUCH DISPLAY :
Screens that contain pictures or shapes that the user can press to input the data
Used mostly in notebooks or laptops.
usually require a microphone and special voice recognition software to be installed. Use toinput sound/voice.
they can convert a graphical image into a digital image and input it to the computer
: images and text
Bar Code Scanners
: read product codes
: read the magnetic strip in a credit card. Images can be input directly to thecomputer.
VIDEO INPUT :
Input from a camcorder or VCR using video capture cards.
BIOMETRIC INPUT :
Uses fingerprint, face, handwriting, voice for identification
MAGNETIC STORAGE DEVICES :
i.Small, portable disks that hold limited amount of data
: large capacity and fast access storage devices
: Auxiliary storage devices that hold large quantities of data/ portable
Magnetic Tape Drives
: Used to make system backups and to store large quantities of data.