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input, output, storage

input, output, storage

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Published by anjoooy
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Published by: anjoooy on Nov 20, 2008
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03/03/2013

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Lesson 3 : Input, Output, and Storage
I.
Input Devices
Enable a user to input data and commands for the computer to be processed
A. THE KEYBOARD
Most
widely used
input device
Electric signals
: represent a key that is sent to the computer
Divided into sections:
1.
Typewriter Keys
: These are the standard
alphabetic and numeric characters
.
2.
Function Keys
: are special keys that perform
specific function
for application.
3.
Numeric Keypad 
: used for
mathematical operations
4.
Directional keys
: used to
move the cursor 
around the screen
B. THE MOUSE:
i.
It is a pointing device, that rolls around a flat surface and controls the location of the pointer on thescreen.ii.Performs the following functions:
1.
Pointing
: placing the on-screen pointer at a specific place
2.
Clicking:
Pressing and releasing the mouse button
3.
Dragging
: holding down the mouse button and drag objects to new location
4.
Double Clicking:
Pressing and releasing twice.
5.
Right-Clicking:
pressing the right mouse buttoniii.Other devices that control the on-screen pointer:
1.The trackball:
a.
This is like a mouse turned upside down. You roll a ball around with fingers to controlthe location of the pointers. Mostly found in notebook computers.
2.
 Joystick and wheel:
Joysticks consist of a metal or plastic handle mounted on a basea.Used for video gamesb.Have buttons that can be pushed to control input/output
c.
POINTING STICK :
A pressure-sensitive device that resembles a pencil eraser, mostly on notebook computers
d.
GRAPHICS TABLET :
A flat drawing surface and the figure or writing can be input to the computer for processing
e.
TOUCH DISPLAY :
Screens that contain pictures or shapes that the user can press to input the data
f.
TOUCHPAD :
Used mostly in notebooks or laptops.
g.
AUDIO/VOICE INPUT:
usually require a microphone and special voice recognition software to be installed. Use toinput sound/voice.
h.
SCANNERS :
they can convert a graphical image into a digital image and input it to the computer
i.
Image Scanners
: images and text
ii.
Bar Code Scanners
: read product codes
iii.
 Magnetic Scanners
: read the magnetic strip in a credit card. Images can be input directly to thecomputer.
i.
VIDEO INPUT :
Input from a camcorder or VCR using video capture cards.
 j.
BIOMETRIC INPUT :
Uses fingerprint, face, handwriting, voice for identification
k.
MAGNETIC STORAGE DEVICES :
i.Small, portable disks that hold limited amount of data
ii.
Hard disks
: large capacity and fast access storage devices
iii.
Zip disks
: Auxiliary storage devices that hold large quantities of data/ portable
iv.
 Magnetic Tape Drives
: Used to make system backups and to store large quantities of data.
 
L. SOLID-STATE STORAGE MEDIA
i.Non-volatile removable mediaii.Miniature mobile media
1.Uses integrated circuits
iii.USB flash drive
1.Connects to the computer via a USB port
M. OPTICAL STORAGE DEVICES
i.
CD-DA
: Audio Cd
ii.
CD-R
: allows you to read and write it to a compact disk
iii.
CD-ROM
: hold large amounts of data, but is read-only access
iv.
CD-RW 
:
Can be written on several times
v.
DVD-ROM
:
Read-only DVD format
vi.
DVD-R
:
Similar to CD, but holds more data; read-only
vii.
DVD-RW 
:
Can be written on several times
viii.
PhotoCD
: Used for storing digital photographs on a CD
II.
Caring for storage media
:n.Keep away from magnetic fields.o.Avoid extreme temperatures.p.Never try to disassemble the case.
q.
Remove media from drive when not being used.r.Write-protect important data.s.Hold optical disks at their edges.t.Never remove the media from the drive if the access light is on.u.Keep disks in a sturdy case when transporting them.
III.
Output Devices
enable the computer to give or show the results of its processing
v.
MONITORS :
i.
This is used to display video output to a user.
ii.
This produces soft copyiii.Monitors may be monochromatic or color.1.Monochromatic monitors display output in a single-color display.iv.Factors that influence the quality of monitors:
1.
Screen size
: The diagonal measurement in inches of the display area
2.
Resolution:
The number of pixels that can be displayed in the display area
3.
Dot pitch
: The distance between each pixel in the display area
W. PRINTERS
i.
Used to create a hard copy of a document or image.ii.Printers vary by speed, quality, and price.iii.The most popular types of printers:
1.
Laser 
:
Produce images using the same techniques as copier machines
2.
Ink jet
:
Use fine nozzles to spray ink onto the page as the paper passes through
3.
Dot matrix 
:
Work similarly to a typewriter in that ink is transferred to the paper by some part of the printer striking a ribbon to transfer an image
X. SPEAKERS AND HEADSETSY. FAX MACHINES AND FAX MODEMSZ. MULTIFUNCTIONAL DEVICESAA. CONTAIN A VARIATION OF OUTPUT OPTIONS

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