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SeaWorld Expert Jeff Andrews Report - Opinion Regarding Citations Issued by OSHA

SeaWorld Expert Jeff Andrews Report - Opinion Regarding Citations Issued by OSHA

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Published by Jeffrey Ventre
Stunning report by SeaWorld "expert" Jeff Andrews regarding Tilikum and the death of Dawn Brancheau.
Stunning report by SeaWorld "expert" Jeff Andrews regarding Tilikum and the death of Dawn Brancheau.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Jeffrey Ventre on Feb 19, 2012
Copyright:Public Domain

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05/07/2013

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JeffreyRossMartinAndrews,M.A.
II
Andrews,2011OpinionRegardingCitationsIssuedbytheOccupationalSafetyandHealthAdministrationEscondido,CA92027
1
 
INTRODUCTIONAndrews,2011ThefollowingisareportofmyobjectiveopinionsreferencingOSHAcitationinspection#314336850dated23,Aug,2010;Citation2,item1,instances(a)and(b).Thisreportanditsfindingsarebasedonmyprofessionalexpertiseintheareasofexoticanimalmanagement,animalbehavior,andoperantconditioning.MyNameisJeffAndrews.Ihavebeenworkinginthefieldofanimalbehaviorandmanagementinzoologicalfacilitiesforover25years.Ihaveworkedwithnumerousspeciesinvarioustaxa;includingexoticbears,largecats,wilddogs,pinnipeds,elephants,dolphinsandwhales.Myprimaryfocushasbeeninthemanagementofkillerwhales,bearsandelephants.Ihaveabachelor'sdegreeinsocialsciencefromSanDiegoStateUniversityandamaster'sdegreeininterdisciplinarystudieswithaconcentrationinanimalcollectionsmanagementfromGeorgeMasonUniversity.Ihaveheldnumerousanimaltraining,animalcare,andcuratorialpositionsinzoologicalfacilities.ItrainedandmanagedmarinemammalcollectionsatSeaWorldforover15years,mostofwhichwerekillerwhales.IleftSeaWorldasanAssistantCuratorin2001toexpandmyexpertisetoterrestrialmammals.IcurrentlyamtheAssociateCuratorofMammalsattheSanDiegoZooandSanDiegoZooSafariPark.Ialsoprovideprivateconsultationsonanimalbehaviormanagementtoseveralzoos,primarilyinNorthAmerica.IamaprofessionalmemberoftheAssociationofZoosandAquariums
(AlA)'
theAnimalBehaviorManagementAlliance(ABMA),theInternationalAssociationforBearResearchandManagement,andtheInternationalMarineAnimalTrainersAssociation(IMATA).IamanInstitutionalRepresentativefortheoftheAlA'sscientificadvisorygroups;theElephantTaxonAdvisoryGroup,theBearTaxonAdvisoryGroup,andtheBehaviorAdvisoryGroup.IsitonmyInstitutionalAnimalCareandUseCommittee(IACUC).ForseveralyearsIwastheNorthAmericanThomson'sgazellestudbookkeeperandpopulationmanager.IhavecalleduponthisexperienceandeducationtopresentmyexpertopinionontheabovereferencedOSHAcitation.MyreportclearlyshowsthatSeaWorldproperlytraineditsstafftoworkwithTilikumindryinteractionsandtoconductwaterworkinteractionswiththeotherkillerwhales.Further,SeaWorld'ssafetypracticesandoperatingprotocolspriortoFebruary24,2010ensuredthattheseinteractionsweredone,andcontinuetobedone,withtheutmostregardforemployeesafetyandanimalwelfare.TheseprotocolsandpracticesallowSeaWoridemployeestopredictkillerwhalebehaviorandmodifytheirinteractionsinordertoavoidaccidentsandinjuries.Additionally,IwillexplainhoweffectiveabatementmethodsfordryworkwithTilikumandwaterworkwiththeotherkillerwhaleshavebeeninplaceformanyyears.
2
 
3
Andrews,2011REPORTONPROFESSIONALASSESSMENT
OF
OSHACITATIONINSPECTION#314336850DATED23,AUG,2010;CITATION2,ITEM1,INSTANCE
A.
ForthepurposeofthisreportandgeneralclarityIhaveincludedtheexacttextofinstanceAfromtheOSHAcitation.ThecitationstatesthattheSeaWorldtrainerswereallowed"unprotected"contactwithTilikurnthekillerwhaleandIreasonthatthisopinionistheprimarycontributortoOSHA'sdecisiontositethisasa"willful"violation.InthissectionofthereportIwilldescribemyinvestigationofSeaWorld'sstafftraininganddailyoperationspriortotheincidentof24February2010.IwillthenoffermyexpertopinionaboutwhetherSeaWorldhadproperlytrainedandprotecteditsstafffrompotentiallydangeroussituationssurroundingTilikum.
Citation2Item1
TypeofViolation:
Willful
Section5(a)(1)oftheOccupationalSafetyandHealthActof
1970;
Theemployerdidnotfurnishemploymentandaplaceofemploymentwhichwerefreefromrecognizedhazardsthatwerecausingorlikelytocausedeath
orseriousphysical
harm
toemployees
inthat:a)AttheShamuStadiumpools,animaltrainersworkingwithTilikum,akillerwhalewithknownaggressivetendenciesandwhowasinvolved.inthe1991deathofawhaletraineratamarineparkinVancouver,BritishColumbia,wereexposedtostruck-byanddrowninghazardsinthattheywereallowedunprotectedcontactwithTilikumwhileconducting"drywork"performancesonpoolledges,slideoutsandplatforms,onorabout2/2412010.Amongothermethods,onefeasibleandacceptablemeansofabatementwouldbetonotallowanimaltrainerstohaveanycontactwithTilikumunlesstheyareprotectedbyaphysicalbarrier.
IfocusedmyinvestigationofSeaWorld'ssafetypracticesrelatedtothekillerwhaIeTllikurninthefollowingareas:AreviewofTilikurn'sbehavioralprofile,medicalrecordsandhistoricalbackground.AreviewofallofSeaWorld'skillerwhaleincidentreports.SeaWorld'sStandardOperatingProcedures(SOP's)priorto24Feb2010.SeaWorld'sstafftraininganddevelopmentprogramasitrelatestoworkingwithTilikum.SeaWorld'sstafftraininganddevelopmentprogramasitrelatestokillerwhaleinteractionsandpotentialaggression.DiscussionswithSeaWorldstaffregardingworkingwithTilikumandtheincidentof24Feb2010.AthoroughsitevisitofthefacilityinMay2011.ApersonalreviewofmypriorknowledgeoftheoverallkillerwhaIeprogram,Tilikum,andthestaffthatworkedwithhimeveryday.

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