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Euro-Atlantic AntiBallistic Program

Euro-Atlantic AntiBallistic Program

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Published by: DefenceDog on Feb 19, 2012
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02/19/2012

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Missile Defense: Toward a New Paradigm
 
No issue is more urgent or central to acieing progress toward te goalof creating an inclusie Euro-Atlantic Security Community tan making European missile defense a joint project of te United States, te Nort Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and Russia.
 Tis paper, the intense work o an expert group drawn rom the Euro-Atlantic Security Initiatives membership and a wider circle o ormer senior policymakers and deensespecialists, shows the way. It provides a basic concept or a cooperative NAO-Russianmissile deense system, describes the principles that should underlie it, and lays out anarchitecture that gives practical expression to the concept. Te architectural design, it isnoteworthy, was jointly created by a ormer director o the U.S. Department o Deense’sMissile Deense Agency and a ormer chie o sta o the USSR Strategic Rocket Forces.Igor Ivanov Wolgang Ischinger Sam Nunn
 
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I.Contribution of missile defense cooperation to te strategicobjecties for a common security space
Te Euro-Atlantic Security Initiative (EASI) seeks to create a Euro-Atlantic Security Community: “an inclusive,undivided security space ree o opposing blocs and gray areas.
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Such a security community requires a sharedunderstanding and expectation that within this security space disputes will be resolved by diplomatic, legal,or other nonviolent means and not by recourse to military orce or the threat o its use. It also requires thatits members have a shared strategic understanding that they ace common threats rom outside this security space, and that the best and most ecient way to tackle those threats is cooperatively.Te days o the Cold War are long gone, but the strategic relationship among the states in the Euro-Atlanticspace has not ully reected that change. o operate as a Euro-Atlantic Security Community, these relationshipsmust be transormed. Historically, missile deense has been a source o tension and a barrier to transormingthe strategic relationship among the states o the Euro-Atlantic Security Community. It has oten beenperceived as destabilizing the strategic balance and threatening strategic stability.Successul cooperation on ballistic missile deense would be a game changer. It would go a long way towardovercoming the legacy o historical suspicion and achieving the strategic transormation that is needed. TeEuro-Atlantic nations would be cooperating to solve a common security threat aced by all states. Cooperationon missile deense would establish a pattern or working together, build trust, and encourage urther coopera-tion in other areas. It would lay the oundation or the Euro-Atlantic states to lead the broader internationaleort to meet the global threats posed not only by ballistic missile prolieration but also by nuclearprolieration and terrorism.
II.Basic principles for, and caracteristics of, a successfulcooperatie approac to missile defense
For cooperation on ballistic missile deense to succeed, it must meet three principles.First, the parties must share a common assessment o threats against which the missile deense system isconceived, must believe that these threats are real, and must be convinced that their own security interestsrequire development o an eective response.Second, the parties must believe that cooperation will make a real contribution to the eectiveness o thatresponse.Tird, cooperation on missile deense must contribute to reducing tension and suspicion and to creating aEuro-Atlantic Security Community.Te Working Group on Missile Deense (WGMD) believes that cooperation on missile deense meets these principles:
First,
there is sucient consensus regarding the threat risk rom medium- and intermediate-rangeballistic missiles (up to 4,500 km) to begin now to develop a response, with deploymentcommensurate with the progression o the threat.
 
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EURO-ATLANTIC SECURITY INITIATIVE|WORKING GROUP ON MISSILE DEFENSE
Tere has been growing concern about the threat posed by the prolieration o ballistic missiles,especially when coupled with eorts to obtain nuclear weapons. Te WGMD assesses that the mostserious and near-term ballistic missile threat is rom medium- to intermediate-range missiles (up to4,500 km, see Figure 1 or a depiction o ranges). While there is disagreement within the WGMD onthe exact timeline o the progression o the threat, the WGMD believes these dierences can be accom-modated by adjusting the pace o the deployment o ballistic missile deenses. Te WGMD agrees thatthe Euro-Atlantic states should begin now to develop a common program or meeting this threat.
Sort to Intermediate Missile Ranges
FIGURE 1

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