C A R N E G I E E N D O W M E N T
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I N T E R N A T I O N A L P E A C E
I.Contribution of missile defense cooperation to te strategicobjecties for a common security space
Te Euro-Atlantic Security Initiative (EASI) seeks to create a Euro-Atlantic Security Community: “an inclusive,undivided security space ree o opposing blocs and gray areas.”
Such a security community requires a sharedunderstanding and expectation that within this security space disputes will be resolved by diplomatic, legal,or other nonviolent means and not by recourse to military orce or the threat o its use. It also requires thatits members have a shared strategic understanding that they ace common threats rom outside this security space, and that the best and most ecient way to tackle those threats is cooperatively.Te days o the Cold War are long gone, but the strategic relationship among the states in the Euro-Atlanticspace has not ully reected that change. o operate as a Euro-Atlantic Security Community, these relationshipsmust be transormed. Historically, missile deense has been a source o tension and a barrier to transormingthe strategic relationship among the states o the Euro-Atlantic Security Community. It has oten beenperceived as destabilizing the strategic balance and threatening strategic stability.Successul cooperation on ballistic missile deense would be a game changer. It would go a long way towardovercoming the legacy o historical suspicion and achieving the strategic transormation that is needed. TeEuro-Atlantic nations would be cooperating to solve a common security threat aced by all states. Cooperationon missile deense would establish a pattern or working together, build trust, and encourage urther coopera-tion in other areas. It would lay the oundation or the Euro-Atlantic states to lead the broader internationaleort to meet the global threats posed not only by ballistic missile prolieration but also by nuclearprolieration and terrorism.
II.Basic principles for, and caracteristics of, a successfulcooperatie approac to missile defense
For cooperation on ballistic missile deense to succeed, it must meet three principles.First, the parties must share a common assessment o threats against which the missile deense system isconceived, must believe that these threats are real, and must be convinced that their own security interestsrequire development o an eective response.Second, the parties must believe that cooperation will make a real contribution to the eectiveness o thatresponse.Tird, cooperation on missile deense must contribute to reducing tension and suspicion and to creating aEuro-Atlantic Security Community.Te Working Group on Missile Deense (WGMD) believes that cooperation on missile deense meets these principles:
there is sucient consensus regarding the threat risk rom medium- and intermediate-rangeballistic missiles (up to 4,500 km) to begin now to develop a response, with deploymentcommensurate with the progression o the threat.