(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 10, No. 1, January 2012
Mathematical Model for Component Selection inEmbedded System Design
, Chandan Maity
Embedded Systems Group,Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Noida, India
Changes in embedded technologies and marketdynamics have made traditional electronic parts selection andmanagement practices inadequate. Component selection is aprocess designed to evaluate the electronic part, and facilitateinformed decisions regarding its selection and future use.Embedded Designers face challenges when they are about toselect the electronic component, for new design as it is difficult tocompare the parts in terms of quantitative and qualitative termsin absence of any mathematical model. This paper proposes anew hybrid model which combines Linear Weightage andAnalytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) Models linear weightagemodel to assist in the decision making activity and helps to selectthe best electronic component among a number of potentialcandidates. The final decision from this new model will help inbetter selection methodology for assisting embedded designers tomake the right decision and select the most suitable componentrequired for the design from the large pool of the componentsavailable in the market.
Keywords - Mathematical Model, Component Selection, Embedded System Design,
Linear Weightage Model, Analytic Hierarchy Process, Microcontroller
The component selection and management methodologyhas been designed to aid in making risk informed decisionsregarding the selection and use of electronic parts. Theprocess aids in determining the acceptability of a componentfor an application, while considering factors such asfunctionality, performance, standardization, cost, availability,technology (new and aging), and logistics support.Component selection is a process of selecting devices forthe board design based on the various requirements likefunctional, electrical, mechanical, thermal, etc. Selection of awrong component can create major problems in thefunctionality of the board. Hence, component selection is avery important aspect in the board design cycle. Componentselection is a critical step, which will have lot of impact onrest of the project from the point of view of meetingfunctionality, performance, testing, manufacturing, confirmingto standards and also to the schedule. In a typical productdesign cycle, component selection is required in the 3following phases: Before a new design
new componentselection; Component obsolescence
replacement with anupdated version; Performance or feature enhancement
replacement with enhanced features.Embedded Designers are often responsible for makingpurchasing decisions which is definitely a difficult task. Thereare many reasons which make the selection process a complexone, and the major are :
Component selection involves a huge number of criteria, so the embedded designers should considerthat when they are choosing the best component.
Multiple criteria are usually taking place; some of them are quantitative while the others are qualitative.
The criteria itself could be conflicting to each other,such as quality against price.
Changing in criteria may happen across time andplace.
Besides the huge number of alternatives may beinvolved according to the competitiveness amongthem.Component selection is a multi-criteria problem whichincludes both qualitative and quantitative factors. Thus,attention should be given to component selection problem byembedded designers in order to make the right decisions.There are a variety of steps that often embedded designersfollow in order to make the right decisions and finally becapable of selecting the most appropriate component. It isagreed that component selection decision is so complicatedand difficult to cope with and thus authors proposed amathematical model in component selection which will helpthe designers to identify the right components for the new orexisting designs.