WAJ3102 English Language Proficiency
9. The Interaction Effect10. The Role of Listening
2.3 Approaches to Promote Listening
Total Physical Response (TPR) worked by James Asher (1977) whichgives emphasis to comprehension where students were given ampleamount of language to listen before they were encouraged to respondorally.
Encourage intensive listening using audio materials and video clips - toovercome poor listening ability and lack of vocabulary.
Introduce extensive listening of various sources. e.g advertisements,songs, live commentaries of sporting events, radio-deejays, and thenews.
Create opportunities for hands on activities eg. Skits. role play andadvertiments
You may try pictureless listening to :- language eg. Listen to an authentic dialogue- music & songs,-sound-effect( Harmer,J )
Apply top-down and bottom
up approaches to listening( Chitravelu, 1995)
3.0 Principles for Designing Listening and Speaking Techniques
Techniques should cover the spectrum of learner needs from languagebased focus on accuracy to message-based focus on interaction, meaningand fluency. Getting listeners to understand what they hear is mostessential .Activity to do : Listen to a variety of radio programs.
Techniques should be intrinsically motivating