community and police relations, further anauthentic community policing culture, andpromote dignity, understanding, and respect inpolice and community interaction.The PCRC has been established in some partof the country to achieve the aforementionedobjective. For instance Community SafetyPartnerships have been introduced in twoDivisions in Lagos and FCT. The seniorrepresentatives involved – from LocalGovernment, police, the communities and manyother key agencies have made a commitment towork together in the future to gain a fullunderstanding of the local safety issues thataffect their communities and work in apartnership to resolve them.
Establishment of Community Safety andSecurity Forums
Community Safety and Security Forum isone of the recent efforts by the police to promotecommunity/police relationship with the primaryobjective of collectively fighting crime. Thepolice holds periodic meeting with thecommunity. The local government should beencouraged to play a key role in such structureeither as convenor or host. The local councils’halls have always served as venue for all kinds of community meetings and could serve as thevenue and secretariat for the forum. Theimportance of taking the hosting or organisationof the forum away from the police is toencourage partnership in crime prevention ratherthan paternalism, where the community membersare treated as mere informants. Participants insuch a forum should include representatives allstakeholders in crime prevention in thecommunity including women, non-indigenes and(Informal Police) IPS.However, this meeting has not beenconsistent. It is only conveyed when there isemergency situation as observed in the cases of Niger-Delta unrest and the Boko Haram inBornu State.
Impediments to The Success of CommunityPolicing In Nigeria
The following factors constituted impediments tothe successful implementation of community policingin Nigeria.
Internal resistance by policemen whobenefited from the traditional policing andwho prefer to maintain the
Lack of commitment to the project byimplementing officers;
Lack of support from members of the public;
Inadequate support from the government;
The hostile relationship between the policeand the informal policing machinery
Poor welfare package/incentives forpolicemen.
Public Attitudes towards Crime and Justice
III The Police Virtual Community Model
A community is a geographically circumscribedentity (neighborhoods, villages, etc) while A virtualcommunity is defined as an aggregation of individuals or business partners who interact around ashared interest, where the interaction is at leastpartially supported and/or mediated by technologyand guided by some protocols or norms. Virtualcommunities can be dedicated to a specific topic, orthey can seek to bring people with similarphilosophies together. Either way, communication isdigitally based, information is shared andmembership is optional. Virtual communities, of course, are usually dispersed geographically, andtherefore are not communities under the originaldefinition of community. A virtual community isexpected to possess the following characteristics :•
It is organised around affinities or sharedinterests.•
It supports many to many media communication.•
The communication is graphics based supportingmultimedia content(e.g. graphics, animations,video, sounds, formatted text, sound)•
No geographic boundary or physical contact.
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 11, November 2011121http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500