Jamonline /Nov-Dec 1(1) /1–8 Damodar K
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which is commonly known as Ajowan.Among traditional potential herbs used asspice in day to day life, ajwain(
L.) belonging tofamily Apiaceae, is widely used for curingvarious diseases in both humans and animals.Its other names in literature are, ajwan,ajowan, Bishop’s wee, carom, or Ethiopeancumin. The most utilizes part of ajwain is thesmall caraway like fruit, which is particularlypopular in Indian savory recipes, savorypastries, snacks and as spice (Anilkumar
is a grassy,annual plant which grows in the east of India,Iran and Egypt with a white flower and small,brownish seeds.
An erect, glabrous or minutely pubescent,branched annual, up to 90 cm., tall, cultivatedalmost throughout India. Stems striate; leavesrather distant, 2-3 pinnately divided, segmentslinear, ultimate segments 1.0-2.5 cm. long;flowers in terminal or seemingly-lateralpedunculate, compounds umbels, white,small; fruits ovoid, muricate, aromaticcremocrps, 2-3 mm. long, grayish brown;mericarp compressed, with distinct ridges andtubercular surface, 1-seeded. Flowers andfruits from January-April (Asima Chatterjee,1995 and Anonymous, 2003).
Materials and methods:
The seeds of
arepurchased from local market and are gown ina fertile soil with sufficient water and nutrientsupply. The seeds are germinated in 5 daysand are grown up to 25 days. The all the plantplant parts are collected, washed, shade driedand is made powder mechanically and thepowder is used for the experimentalprocedure.
Preparation of extracts:
The powdered material was weighed in aselected quantity and is subjected to soxheltextraction using Methanol, Acetone ,chloroform and Hexane in successive moderespectively for 48 h. The solvent was thenrecovered using Rotary Vacuum Evaporatorand the concentrated extract was preserved inan airtight bottle. The crude extracts thusobtained were used for further investigationfor of Phytochemical screening, and Antimicrobial Evaluation
The extracts of the dry powdered leaves of
were analyzed for thepresence of various phytoconstituents likecarbohydrates, reducing sugars,monosaccharide (Evans, 1996), Tannins(Evans, 1996), Saponnins (Evans, 1996),Flavonoids(Shinoda’s Test ), Terpenes /steroids (Liebermann - Burchard’s Test),Alkaloids(Evans, 1996), Anthraquinones(Borntrager’s test), cardiac glucosides(sodium nitro proside method) proteins(copper sulphate and Folin Ciocalteausolution) and amino acids(Ninhydrin) were