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Microelectronics - Millman - Solution Manual

Microelectronics - Millman - Solution Manual

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Published by Azhar Imam

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Published by: Azhar Imam on Feb 19, 2012
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05/13/2014

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SolutionsManualto
accompanyMillman
Digital
and
Analog
Clrcultr
and
ly.rtom
Prepared
by:
THOMAS
V.
PAPATHOMAS
with
theassistanceof
MURRAY
t,
BOD
MoGraw-H111
 
CHAPTER1
..J
-1
(a)f~"om
Eq.
(1...
6)
for
an
acc.l
.ratlng
pOtential
1
Z.
1
Z
V
d
-=-
v.
i"
mV'
0
=
l:
mv..
q
V.
Foryo
'C
0
we
have
-.11-72
V
21)_9.1lxlO
xi!:
BblO
1.,
1006.
V
-=mv
l6iq-..-
Z.
:II:
u,
60.10
-19)(b).
~q.
(1..
6)live.
fol'a
pOlltive
chargeand
a
Jlt!lative
potential
V
t
t
m·.}"
t
rnvl-
+
CI.
V
FTom
AppendixA.
m'=
Z.Ols:1..
66xlO"
Z7
-=
1.33'7.10
-I'.
7111.
I...
Z
(a)
Situ:::·.
leV;!!II.
6OxIO-
1
9
J..
th.
initlal8.ner.y
of
th.
elec.tron
in
eVI.
10....7
/1.
6bIO"')
'9:.;
62.
Sa
V
S1ne.
the
reta
rd
ina
patentlal
i.-
15V"
tb.
electron
will
not
reachthe
.econd
plate.
,
---
(b)
62.SV
.1..3
(a)
Let
v
=
0
in
Eql.(
1-6)
to
obtain:=
o
(
Ib)A•
000••
theelec:tron
enter.•
the
vertical
fieldofthe
paralJel
plateeP1P
z
it
I.
.acceler:..ted
lIP"*&1"d
withacon.t&nt
accelaratlcm
a
r
whIch
t.
found,
fo11ow.~·
V
qV
r.n&y=qEy"
q
l
or.y..
rrl.
Thereiore~
it.
velocl~y
upon
leaving
tbe
plate.
Pi
P
,
i.
where
l.
e.
v
=
a
t
y
Y
P
t~
i.
tb.
time
1.
or
er
a._
nl
the
plate
I
t
I,..:J./v
.p
u.
X
qV'd
From
the
aboveequatloD.
1
V
!iii
P.
y
mdvx
~~)d,.Yp
+
Y.Where
yp
and
y.
are
the
dl.t.nce.In.
th.,....
irection
~raveled
at
theendof),
and
t.(.~,ime
it
t&lte.
aD
electra"tohit
the
.ereen
&fterex.itinlfromthe
plate.
PIPZ)~
r•
pee:tivety.
Z
d
.!
.
t
....
V'
t
1!!!!
«q
V
p)('
t
d)
+(<1
V.R
l
)
(j..-
t
d
12.)
Z.
y
y
y.
Z
mel
v
mdv
'Y
.x
x][
SubatJtutingfor
Yx
the
.xpre••
ion
found
in
part
[A)WB
let
·1-4
1
d
sz.
rn
s:
2q_v.
v
E.
V
a
6
,~d~'.l~O
mI
l
1.:a.7xZO·
·too..
d.
=-
x--
.11"'"
II
III-
=-
Z
M
em
.Z;
0.":.~;'I
00.1,
'!'-......--
(e)8.1nce.from.
pa.rt
.(c:)..
·V
a
t.
1nvel".ely
propar-
.z·
54
tional
~Q..:
t;I.•..
·then
V..
:=;;
:K.
1000
-s
S08V
Pdt."
t
;.1
(v).
R:atewt
I
J
EftcrlJ
Y
~!,.
(cV),._
~.......-!~IiIIIIIIIii.~1ra
JO._-----
*
.....
....
~
.
"'--.L·
(a)
Total
enerl,.
of
et.ctroa.
atthe
.nilUet
e
WE
where
.
.
1
2.
:1~31
lZ
W.
:I:-
mv
-+4,V:t=·-
9-
llzlO
:zJ:O·+0EZ
.0
z...'
,1-
,..-....'
.=
4.S55.xlO..
19
j.
4.
555x.10
.V
m
Z...
BS.V
·1..
6x10-19
Wehave
(b)
The.1.etroD
mu.t....ve.
WE-
10e
Valbl.
6x10-19
1
a:l.6xlO-
1B
J
..
...
w
FI'i
2-
-
The
potential
eb
e
1"
IY...
a
f
uaeet
on
of
xi.II
va.l1
by
 
JC
:x.
1
l
U(k)=-
J
£(Z)d2;
=
.r
kzd~
=
rIc&:
o
0
I
-8
The
relietance
01
thewire
18
..8
R.:
pllA=
3~44x10xO.
L
==
5.4Bx:IO-3
a
-3
Z
""1t(t~]
0)
F
ina
11
Y.
V
=
R
I
=
5.4BxIO-
3
:x:
30z
10-
3
=
1
Mld
0..
4V
and
it
11shown
in
Fig.
Z.
If
·we
letWbe
thetotal
eneriY
wehave
1
Z1
21
Z
Wt:::.
Z
MV
+U·Zmv
+Zkx
&8
.hawll
in
Fll..
Z.
..
1-9
Th.
ero,.
.ectlon
a
reaA
of
the
wi
reoia
Thel"rlaxlmum.
d.isplacement
V=O
o~-Xm=JZ:
Theparticle
will
move
between
anditaspeed
willbea
maximum
at
%
an.d:rn
X;::
O~
..::II:
In
Z-3
2.
-7
Z
A
'"r
I::
3.14%(1.
03xlQ/2);;8.13xl.Om
(a]
I..
JA;:2xl0
6
x
8.33xlO...
1._
1.666A
Zld06-4
(b,
v'"
J
Iny
=
Z8.
~19'"
l.4-Baxlo
mI.
.8..40%10xt6xlO
(c)
E
i.
the.....
oltageperunit
Iength,
t
e_
E::;
Voltagedr
op
1n1m
=-
Ix
Reatatance
of
1m
=
l.666'to
j
OZI-4-
==
O~OJ51·V/Dl
t
a.Sld.
}ol
III
vIE
"ZAS&c:IO-4
IO,OJ57
"4.17xlO'::ml/v_!
(dJFtbally~
a
c
nq;-L:;
8~40XIOZ8z1.60x10...
19k4.17xIO..
3:
.:::.S.6lJ1:107
~n.
m)..
1
xoccu.r.when
m
v
'\It
w
~
1
I
1...
10
(a}
The
ellf!l!.y
of
an
eleetrO,b
ofrna•rn...
hick
1.
mOnnl
with
an.
aver_Be
drift
'Velocity
v
1.
W
=
!r,n....,Z
=
!
D.(IJ,
E
).2.
Z.
Z
n
If
m
i&
in
kgl~
in
m2/V..~
and
c:
inV
1m.
then
(a)
U
==
mgy
Thema'f:imutrl
height
y
occ
u.r.
at
thepoint
m
t
ll'Ij.l!~
z
s
D1IoI!EZ
w:::--~:-----::;---~
1
e
V
1.6xlO-
19
J/eV
3~Zx10"19
I
Z
w=
CO.ll8tant
=-
mv
I:
may
Z
0
tn
Using
tJ.
ll'om
Table
I~l
.i1
E
=[
3~Zxl0"'19]lIZ:;
4.
5~o6v
1m
9..llxIO"31
X
{13OOxIO
-.,)2\¥he
re
,,=
O.F.r
om
Eq.
i
....
5.,
2-
y.::
V
/2.
g
m
0
(b)
Thie
Isclear
in.
Fig.
3:atthepoInt
of
rever.a1
Cwherev::OJ.
weha"e
a
t'.::olliaJoc
ll
with
tb.
or
-45.6kV
Icm
A...
in.
by
defb.Uion.
llill
molecular
weight1a
equal
to
the
weight
of
011.,
mole
of
aaubdal1c:e
(In
,ramal
Thu.~
if
the:rl!!
arf!l
a
atomll/molecule.
we
hAve
m
Molecularweight:::amA
and
n=(;~~(m:l!)(103~;)(
Ao
~o:::~~~.)
(a
atom.)
fu
kg_\
('V
elf!lc..ron.)
m
molecule'\
rn
3)..
tarn
{b,Since
the
ener.yto
break..
cova.leDt
bond
in
Sillcon
i.
1.
leV(Sec.I"§Jand
the
.requ.ired
voltage
I.
45.
6kV
I
em.
we
aee
tbat
it
t.
notPl".ctlcaJ
to
:ge.n~
rate
electrO;ll...
bole
pi.ira
by
a
ppl
y
In.
","o1t.Ie.
·Z3
3
23
1.z'3xIO
elec.t;w;-on.f.em;;
(6..
0Z.d.Oatom./mole)
x
(1
mole/LS4
IJxCl8~81/cm3)z.("
eLectrons/atom)ot'
·1.Z3184
V
II"
6.02
x
I
8.8:.~.
6~
10
23
atOI"llB
1
mole~.9.
l06c.m1
1-
ll;
(&.~
A
=
0,..
x
.x
x
-=
3
mole63.541
ern-m
I-1J
pote
ntlaJ
ba
r
rIe
r,
J..
7
By
defin
it
i
i'l,.
theweIghtof
all,
at
om
of
&
c
e
rtain
eleme.nt
i..
-equ...
l
to
itD
atODJic
weight
time.
the
weight
of
1~l1I1it
atOftlic
weight'·,.
I,
e.
weight
of
an
atom.
!:
A~..ltd
..(,atoms
V
eleetro.n8\
0
kg)
=
d",
elI!!lCI:~on./m3
n
AM.
A"tJ..
tom
7.
3AM
..III
J[,
electron
I--~
atom
Eq~(1-15)
a=
nqLJ.=
8.436tl0
Z8
"lt60xIO-1
9_z
34.8xIO-4;~.697s:10
7(0
-em)..
I'
as
3
8.436:K
10
electron.,
1m
(b)~
drift
=
uE=(34"8X10-4)(SOO)
=
1.74
m/..,
6
02loZ3
atoms
Imole
3
electron.
a:ro.
n;:-
xmole
:II:
26.98g
x
atom
)I
em"
)..SlxlOZ3ele~tron.
ern
3
or
n
2
3
electron./m.
2

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