Bismil Laahir Rahmaanir RahimIn the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Concept of God in Islam
Allah. This word is unique in its self. Allah is a name that is neither feminine nor masculine, andit cannot be made plural (i.e. god, gods, goddess, etc). Muslims believe that there is nothing inthe heavens nor on earth that deserves worship except Allah, the One True Creator.God is beyond our sight and understanding, yet Allah is "nearer to us than our jugular vein.”Muslims pray to Allah, with no intermediary, and seek guidance from Him alone.
Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them! Therefor, worship thouHim and be thou steadfast in His service. Knowest thou one that can be named along withHim? (Qur’an 19:65)We verily created man and We know what his soul whispereth to him, and We are nearer to him than his jugular vein. (Qur’an 50:16)
The main message Islam highlighted by the Qur’an is the concept on one God. Allah is theAlmighty Creator and Sustainer of the universe. Moreover, nothing is comparable to Him. TheProphet Muhammad (s.w.a.s.) was asked by his contemporaries about Allah, thus; the answercame directly from Allah Himself which established the essence of the unity and the motto of monotheism.
Say: He is Allah the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor isHe begotten; And there is none like unto Him. (Qur’an 112:1-4)
Allah is the name for a Self-Existing and Self-Sufﬁcient Being Who comprises all perfectattributes, free from weakness and defect. Furthermore, God is Just. Hence, evildoers andsinners must have their share of punishment, and the virtuous must have God’s bounties andfavors.
God’s attribute of Mercy has full manifestation in His attribute of Justice. Expectingsimilar treatment for all would amount to negating the very belief in the accountability of manin the Hereafter and thereby negate all the incentives for a moral and virtuous life in thisworld.
The above notion is highlighted in the following verse:
Lo! for those who keep from evil are gardens of bliss with their Lord. Shall We then treatthose who have surrendered as We treat the guilty? What aileth you? How foolishly yejudge! (Qur’an 68:34-36)