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Who is Allah 3

Who is Allah 3

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Published by Ayesha Khan
God in Islam
School of Quran Unlimited
Visit School of Qur’an for more posts
God in Islam
School of Quran Unlimited
Visit School of Qur’an for more posts

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Published by: Ayesha Khan on Feb 19, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Bismil Laahir Rahmaanir RahimIn the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful 
Concept of God in Islam
Allah. This word is unique in its self. Allah is a name that is neither feminine nor masculine, andit cannot be made plural (i.e. god, gods, goddess, etc). Muslims believe that there is nothing inthe heavens nor on earth that deserves worship except Allah, the One True Creator.God is beyond our sight and understanding, yet Allah is "nearer to us than our jugular vein.”Muslims pray to Allah, with no intermediary, and seek guidance from Him alone.
Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them! Therefor, worship thouHim and be thou steadfast in His service. Knowest thou one that can be named along withHim? (Qur’an 19:65)We verily created man and We know what his soul whispereth to him, and We are nearer to him than his jugular vein. (Qur’an 50:16)
The main message Islam highlighted by the Qur’an is the concept on one God. Allah is theAlmighty Creator and Sustainer of the universe. Moreover, nothing is comparable to Him. TheProphet Muhammad (s.w.a.s.) was asked by his contemporaries about Allah, thus; the answercame directly from Allah Himself which established the essence of the unity and the motto of monotheism.
Say: He is Allah the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor isHe begotten; And there is none like unto Him. (Qur’an 112:1-4)
Allah is the name for a Self-Existing and Self-Sufficient Being Who comprises all perfectattributes, free from weakness and defect. Furthermore, God is Just. Hence, evildoers andsinners must have their share of punishment, and the virtuous must have God’s bounties andfavors.
God’s attribute of Mercy has full manifestation in His attribute of Justice. Expectingsimilar treatment for all would amount to negating the very belief in the accountability of manin the Hereafter and thereby negate all the incentives for a moral and virtuous life in thisworld.
The above notion is highlighted in the following verse:
Lo! for those who keep from evil are gardens of bliss with their Lord. Shall We then treatthose who have surrendered as We treat the guilty? What aileth you? How foolishly yejudge! (Qur’an 68:34-36)
Equally important, Islam rejects characterizing God in any human form or favoring certainindividuals through, for example; wealth. However, God may favor certain individual by theirvirtue. Furthermore, the idea of God wrestling with one of His soldiers, God being an enviousplotter against mankind, or God being incarnate in any human being, is considered blasphemyfrom the Islamic perspective. Islam considers associating any deity or personality with God asan unforgivable sin.
And they say: The Beneficent hath taken unto Himself a son. (88) Assuredly ye utter adisastrous thing (89) Whereby almost the heavens are torn, and the earth is split asunder and the mountains fall in ruins, (90) That ye ascribe unto the Beneficent a son, (91) Whenit is not meet for (the Majesty of) the Beneficent that He should choose a son. (92) Thereis none in the heavens and the earth but cometh unto the Beneficent as a slave. (Qur’an19:88-93)And they say: Allah hath taken unto Himself a son. Be He glorified! Nay, but whatsoever isin the heavens and the earth is His. All are subservient unto Him. (Qur’an 2:116)The Originator of the heavens and the earth! How can He have a child, when there is for Him no consort, when He created all things and is Aware of all things? (Qur’an 6:101)It befitteth not (the Majesty of) Allah that He should take unto Himself a son. Glory beto Him! When He decreeth a thing, He saith unto it only: Be! and it is. (Qur’an 19:35)And they say: The Beneficent hath taken unto Himself a son. Be He glorified! Nay, but(those whom they call sons) are honoured slaves; (26) They speak not until He hathspoken, and they act by His command. (Qur’an 21:26-27)Say (O Muhammad): If the Beneficent One hath a son, then, I shall be first among theworshippers. (81) Glorified be the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the Lord of theThrone, from that which they ascribe (unto Him)! (Qur’an 43:81-82)
Moreover, the Creator must be of a different nature from his creation. Otherwise, He will betemporal and there will be a need for a Creator.
It follows, therefore; that nothing is likeHim. Furthermore, if the Maker is not temporal, He must be eternal. If He is Eternal, however;He cannot be caused, and if nothing caused Him to come into existence, nothing outside Himcauses Him to continue to exist. Consequently Self-sufficient. Further, if He does not depend onanything for the continuance of His own existence, then this existence can have no end, so theCreator is, therefore, Eternal and Everlasting. Hence, we can conclude that He is Self-sufficientor Self-subsistent, and Everlasting or ‘Al-Qayyum’ meaning ‘The First and Last.’
The Creator does not create only in the sense of bringing things into being, He also preservesthem and takes them out of existence and is the ultimate cause of whatever happens to them.He is ‘Rabb al alamin,’ the Creator and Nourisher of the worlds. The previous topics arecovered in the versed below:
Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were of one piece,then We parted them, and We made every living thing of water? Will they not thenbelieve? (Qur’an 21:30)Then turned He to the heaven when it was smoke, and said unto it and unto the earth:Come both of you, willingly or loth. They said: We come, obedient. (Qur’an 41:11)Allah is Creator of all things, and He is Guardian over all things. His are the keys of theheavens and the earth, and they who disbelieve the revelations of Allah - such are theywho are the losers. (Quran 39:62-63)Allah's Light
Allah says in the Qur’an:
Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The similitude of His light is as a nichewherein is a lamp. The lamp is in a glass. The glass is as it were a shining star. (This lampis) kindled from a blessed tree, an olive neither of the East nor of the West, whose oilwould almost glow forth (of itself) though no fire touched it. Light upon light. Allahguideth unto His light whom He will. And Allah setteth forth for mankind similitudes, for Allah is Knower of all things. (Qur’an 24:34)God’s Attributes
Allah manifests Himself to His creation through His Divine Names and Attributes, and they aremany. The Creator is Eternal and Everlasting, hence, His attributes are also absolute. This mayraise a question, can there be more than one Creator with such absolute attributes? Can therebe, for example; two absolutely powerful Creators?
The Qur’an summarizes this argument inthe following verses:
Allah hath not chosen any son, nor is there any God along with Him; else would each Godhave assuredly championed that which he created, and some of them would assuredlyhave overcome others. Glorified be Allah above all that they allege. (Qur’an 23:91)

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