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Assignment 1

Due: 11:59pm on Friday, November 25, 2011

Note:

To understand how points are awarded, read your instructor'sGrading Policy.[Switch to Standard Assignment View]

Block on an Incline

A block lies on a plane raised an angle from the horizontal. Three forces act upon the block:, the force of gravity; , the normal force; and , the force of friction. The coefficient of frictionis large enough to prevent the block from sliding .Part AConsider coordinate system a, with the

x

axis along the plane. Which forces lie along the axes?ANSWER:

onlyonlyonlyandandandand and

Correct

Part BWhich forces lie along the axes of the coordinate system b, in which the

y

axis is vertical?

MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View http://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignm...1 af 11 21-01-2012 01:14

ANSWER:

onlyonlyonlyandandandand and

Correct

Now you are going to ignore the general rule (actually, a strong suggestion) that you should pickthe coordinate system with the most vectors, especially unknown ones, along the coordinateaxes. You will find the normal force, , using vertical coordinate system b. In these coordinatesyou will find the magnitude appearing in both the

x

and

y

equations, each multiplied by atrigonometric function.Part CBecause the block is not moving, the sum of the

y

components of the forces acting on the blockmust be zero. Find an expression for the sum of the

y

components of the forces acting on theblock, using coordinate system b.Hint C.1

Find the

y

component of

Hint not displayed

Hint C.2

Find the

y

component of

Hint not displayed

Express your answer in terms of some or all of the variables , , , and .

ANSWER:

Correct

Part DBecause the block is not moving, the sum of the

x

components of the forces acting on the blockmust be zero. Find an expression for the sum of the

x

components of the forces acting on theblock, using coordinate system b.

MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View http://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignm...2 af 11 21-01-2012 01:14

Hint D.1

Find the

x

component of

Hint not displayed

Express your answer in terms of some or all of the variables , , , and .

ANSWER:

Correct

Part ETo find the magnitude of the normal force, you must express in terms of since is anunknown. Using the equations you found in the two previous parts, find an expression for involving and but not .Hint E.1

How to approach the problem

Hint not displayed

ANSWER:=

Correct

Congratulations on working this through. Now realize that in coordinate system a, which isaligned with the plane, the

y

-coordinate equation is , whichleads immediately to the result obtained here for .

CONCLUSION: A thoughtful examination of which coordinate system to choose can save a lot of algebra.

The Center of Mass of the Earth-Moon-Sun System

A common, though incorrect, statement is, "The Moon orbits the Earth." That creates an image of the Moon’s orbit that looks like that shown in the figure.

The Earth's gravity pulls on the Moon, causingit to orbit. However, by Newton’s third law, it isknown that the Moon exerts a force back onthe Earth. Therefore, the Earth should move inresponse to the Moon. Thus a more accuratestatement is, "The Moon and the Earth bothorbit the center of mass of the Earth-Moonsystem."

MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View http://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignm...3 af 11 21-01-2012 01:14

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