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Chapter 2 - Introduction to Function

# Chapter 2 - Introduction to Function

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02/20/2012

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QQM1023 Managerial MathematicsChapter 2 : Introduction To Function 44

2.1 INTRODUCTION
Ali invested RM
100
at a bank and earns simple interest rate at anannual rate of
6%
. The interest
I
(output) depends on how long thatthe money have been invested,
(input). Then it can be shown thatinterest and time are related by the formula:
I
=
100 (0.06)

Where
I
is in RM and
is in years. For example; in the first year Ali willearns:
I
=
100 (0.06)(1)
=
RM 6
from his investment.How much will Ali earns if he invested his money for 10 years??

As we can see, the interest
I
(output) depends on the length of time
(input) that Ali’s money is invested. To express this dependence, we saythat
I
“is a function of”
. Functional relations like this are usuallyspecified by a formula that shows what must be done to the input tofind the output. We can think of formula as defining “rule”:
multiply
by 100(0.06)
The rule assigns to
each input
number
exactly one

output
number
I
,which we symbolize by the following arrow notation:

I
or
100(0.06)

outputinput
Example 1:
FunctionFirst year:t = 1

QQM1023 Managerial MathematicsChapter 2 : Introduction To Function 45
A
function
is a rule that assigns to each inputnumber
exactly one
output number
2.1

INTRODUCTION TO FUNCTION
Independent variable
- a variable that represents input numbers for a function . Eg :
in example 1
Dependent variable
- a variable that represents output numbersfor a function. Eg:
I
in example 1Given
2
+=
x y
. Determine whether
y
is/isn’t a function of
x
?Solution

if
1
=
x

if
4
=
x
Therefore
Example 2:

The rules define/not define
y
as a function of
x
.

QQM1023 Managerial MathematicsChapter 2 : Introduction To Function 46

Consider:
x y
=
2
Try to input
9
=
x
into the given functionThen,Therefore
2.1.1 FUNCTIONAL NOTATION
Usually the letters
G F h g  f
,,,,
and so on are used to representfunction rules. For example, the equation
y = x + 2
defines
y
as afunction of
x
, suppose we let
ƒ
represent this rule ( add 2 to the input).Then we say
ƒ
is the function. To indicate
ƒ
assigns the output
3
to theinput
1
, we write
ƒ

(1) = 3
ƒ
of
1
equals
3
”.Generally, if
x
is any input, we have the following notation:
ƒ

(
x
)(
“ƒ
of
x
)
means the
output number that corresponds to the input number

x.

Example 3
The rule define/ do not define
y
as a function of

x
.?