QQM1023 Managerial MathematicsChapter 1: Matrix 2
(numbers) arranged in
rows and columns
a rectangular array
and enclosed by square bracket or parentheses.
Symbolically, we shall use capital letters such as A, B, C etcetera torepresent a matrix.For example,
Each number in the matrix is also known as
To denote arbitrary entries in a matrix, we may use a single letter along with appropriate double subscripts to indicate position.
Therefore, the entry at the first row and second column of matrixA will be denote as
(reads “a sub one-two”), where the firstsubscript specifies the row and the second subscript specify thecolumn in which the entry appears.
Generalizing, we say that the symbol
denotes the entry in thei
row and j
.Therefore, we can represent the matrix from example 1(page 1), withcapital letter B