TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 02-03/2012— www.TELE-satellite.com
www.TELE-satellite.com —02-03/2012 —TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine
parameters for analog andfor digital channel. In thisway, you edit channel bychannel and save them inthe meter’s memory. Sucha list of the channels thatare present in a given ca-ble network is called a bandplan of this network. Onceyou have created a cor-rect band plan for the ca-ble systems you are aboutto install and measure, youcan enter the Auto Meas-ure menu item and makethe meter measure everychannel form the list oneby one.However, it is also pos-sible to scan an unknownnetwork. In such case, theDigipro C-Max does a smartthing: it recognizes fullyautomatically all analogchannels as well as the QAMmodes and symbolrates forthe digital DVB-C channels.
For analog TV channels it
shows the video and audiofrequencies along with theirsignal levels and S/N ratio.
The measurement results
screen for a DVB-C signalis naturally more complex.You get not only signal fre-quency, QAM order, sym-bol rate, channel power,modulation error ratio(MER) and carrier-to-noise(C/N) readings but also agraphic representation of the constellation diagram.By pressing a button youcan enlarge the diagram.
This is perfect to asses the
signal quality visually: thetighter the green dots’ con-centration in the center of the squares, the less noisythe signal is. Of course,visual assessment is rathersubjective and not very ac-curate, therefore there areMER and C/N readings thatcorrespond to the quality of the digital signal.Furthermore, the DigiproC-Max offers a spectrumview. It produces a cleanpicture of the frequencyspectrum with adjustablespan and amplitude. Youcan set the following fre-
quency spans: FULL, 500,200, 100, 50, 32, 16, and 8
MHz. Maximum amplitude
can be set from 60 to 120
dBµV in 10 dBµV steps. Di-gipro C-Max creates a veryreadable spectrum picture.It does not take long toscan the whole bandwidth.Even the best lookingmeter, and Digipro C-Maxlooks great indeed, wouldnot be worth its price if itsmeasurement results were
improbable. Therefore, we
compared the results pro-duced by the Digipro C-Maxwith another high class ref-erence meter. We are de-lighted to announce thatthe results were in perfectagreement. Please exam-
ine Table 1 and Table 2.
Both for digital and analog
TV signals, the channel
power results were prac-tically identical. Also theMER measurements werematching one another very
well indeed. The only differ
-ences we noted in the S/Nmeasurements, this, how-ever, is common betweendifferent meter brands.
That’s because S/N meas
-urements depend on theparticular frequency a me-ter takes as a noise refer-ence level. As a result, S/Nand C/N can be comparedonly if measured with thesame meter model but notwhen measured with dif-ferent models and makes.MER is a much better sig-nal quality indicator as thisvalue can be measured withdifferent meters and youcan expect similar resultswith any product. Our gen-eral conclusion: Digipro C-Max is a very accurate me-ter and you can fully rely onits signal strength and MERmeasurements.A great highlight is an-other positive feature: theDigipro C-Max not onlytakes measurements but itcan also play back digitalchannel video and audio.Once it locks to the signal,
it searches the NIT table
inside the transport streamand based on the informa-tions found there, the me-
ter displays a list of TV andradio channels. The last re
-maining step is to select thechannel you want to watchand press a button. Of course, this works only for
FTA channels as the meter
does not have any CI slotor smart card reader and
can not descramble PayTVchannels. The Digipro C-
Max does not display analog
TV channels either but tak
-ing into account how fastthe technology advances,analog channels will disap-
pear from CATV networks
anyway quite soon. So thisis not something to careabout.Finally we come to a truel-
TELE-satellite expert JacekPawlowski wears the installer'svest from Satcatcher. The vestoffers multiple pockets for theinstaller - and even matches theDigipro C-Max protective case'color!
Table 1. Digital TV signal measurement resultsPower [dBµV]MER [dB]Signal
256QAM 474 MHz
64QAM 474 MHz
256QAM 674 MHz
64QAM 674 MHz
Table 2. Analog TV signal measurement resultsPower [dBµV]S/N [dB]Signal
Video 471,25 MHz
Audio 477,75 MHz
Video 576,25 MHz
Audio 581,75 MHz