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G Stevens IOR

G Stevens IOR

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The truth about the Vatican Bank from its own lawyer.
The truth about the Vatican Bank from its own lawyer.

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Published by: Dr. Jonathan Levy, PhD on Feb 20, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/20/2012

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AtlomeyorINST1TUTEORRELIGIOUSWORKSUNITEDSTATESDISTRICTCOURTNORTHERNDISTRICTOFCAI-IFORNIAEMILALPEzuN'CtAI,Plaintiffs'vs.VATICANBANK(INSTITUTEOFRELICIOUSwOI{KS)'etal'
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COMPI,AINTDefcnd!nts,l,Arr'.FralzoGrandeStevens'erebydeclareasollows:I.I ama.nAttorneyic-4ncedopractioeatthebarofTulin'ltalyaswellas ettheltalianSupremecourtin Rome.havebeenhe PresidentftheNationalForensicBosrd(i e ChairmanofthcltallanBar),Forarcundiffeenyea$,Ihavebeenheattomeyorthe StateofvaticanCity(the HolySee)'8ndrheOR,Mypresentwotkaddresss:viadelCarmine2' Tudn'ltaly'My RomcofficcaddretssviaCa$iodoro15,Rome'ItaIY'2. Exccptasto thosemattsrs$atcdonirformatiodandbcliof'thefactscontaitcdin thisdecla.ratio!rebasedonmypersonalnowledge'ardjfcalledasawitnesscouldtestifycompetentlyosaidfacts,
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lll5t7I8I9202l2225262'7283.Iam ditectlyamiliarwith theegaltruclurend hepracticcs ftheIOR'theCovernmenlfthestateofvaticanCityand hc Secretaryfstate'4.ln suppoltfDefcndantOR'sMotionoDismissPlaintifls'ThirdAfiendedComplaint'offerhe ollowing:5. TheinstitutionalstructureofthcIORis as ollows:al theheadofthesiructurcstheConmissioneardinalaia,or"Cardinals'Commission"'hisCommisrionscomposedffiveCardinal\.vho reappoilltedytheSovereignontiliThcCardinal'sommissionftheIOR sheadedy SodaroCardinalngelo,who spresentlyheSecretaiyf Statef tleVaticanCityState-TheConunissionmeetst esstwiceperyea!.Thepnmarypulpose fCommissioos to reviewoomplianceftheORwith tsntemaltatutoryortns'anoochecknthepatrimony ftheIORto cnsurehattsasscts.€mainta saiisfactoryevel.ThiscommissionlsoapPointsnd emovesmembersftheOversiShtcouncil(whose i[tctionsdiscussedelow)'6TheprimaryoleofthcCardinals'ommissions toPrcvidenlstitutionatinkbetwcenhegovcrnmentfthcVaticaqCityStatendheORforgoven[ngotversiShtulposesverheOR'7. BelowhisevelstheDirezione't DitcctorateThisoughlyorespondsoanopetatlve"Boardof Directors"whicharriesnhecverydaydministrationfthcOR'Thc mcmbelsfthisboadareapPointedyth' Oversightouncil$bjectto approvBlftheCardinsls'CornnissionThisboaJdsr€sponsibleic!heoperationalctivitiesftheIOR'E.ThisnstitutionalelationshipctweenhcCadinals'Cotnmission'hePrlate'dndheBoardissetonhnfte Sovcreignontifls'ChirographaledMarch' 1990iheorganizationattructurefth€IORsgivenurtherdetailnthc Sl4'r'rto'r"by'laws"dstedMarch'lgg0AccordingothcChirographsdtheby'laws,heORsa CanonawJuridicPeNon'whichcaIIbe sucdnitsownnameandwhichhasts owncgal€Presentativ€othingntheu[darnentalissionrrclationship€tweentbeORatdtheVaticanCityStaieCiovcrttnentassubstanidllyhangedetweenheoldandhenew
legalstructujeoftheIOR'9.TheIORis locstedinthevcryhealtofVaticanCity,inatowernear0!eSant'Arr'laGate'lsI
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predecessornstitutionswereocated n thesaneplaceaDdhe IORhasneverhad anybranchofficeoutsideofthe VaticanCity. This centraland exclusivephysicalocation eflects hefact,describedbelow, hat theIORperformscentralirancial functions orthe Vatican CityStateGovemmenr.10.TheIOR is not a citizcnof$e UnitedStatesnds not createdoderheIawsofaoyfiirdcou ry(i.e.it is createdunder the Laws oftheVatican State).I l, Thc IORpeformanessentialunctionntheeconomicgovedfiientofthe StateofVaticanCity.Ajnongtheotherbodiesthatperformsuch firnctionsgrethe Plefectue for Economic Affairsandthe Administrationofthe Patlimonyofthe Holy See. The IORcarriesout the missionandpolicygo8lsof
theStatef VaticanCity.12.Thecentra.lositionfthe IOR n theinancialctivityoflhe State fvaticanCity sconfinocd bythc Corstitulio ApostoltcdPastoror!.t that hasprovidedor a Committeeofcardiaals(hcadedy CardinalSodano)hathasultimateower o suPervisehc effectivenessftheIOR'Sactivily.Anicle24of&atdocumenl,hich efe6 othspecialnstitutc. for msnagingconornicssetscolltmittcdo it. , ," referso thc OR.13.vy'hen atters omeothedttention fthePresideotf th€OversiShtounsel'rofessorAngetoaloia,orto thesftentionfth€DiEctorGenemlommendatorEelioscaletti,whichnvolveanysortoipolicydecision,rstrategic ecisionbout heoR's activities,heyalecommonlyefenedotheattentionftheSecretaryfState,whodecidcsowoprocced'n such ases,heORfollo{'s,andit hasbeenhecustom ftheoRto follow,anyadvicehathe secretary.nsidcrsn thebest nte!€slsofthevaticanStat€.This 9basedponmycxperienoenworkingwith both cpresentativesfthe IoRand wilhthe Secr€tarYf Stote.14. I canalsoadd hat,whiie heday-m-daypelstionsftheIOR aremanagedytheoRi$elf(astis naturalorajuridicalperson)hecustomndpracticeftheIOR sattuned ndesponsiveo thepolicyvisionoftheSearetaryfState,ahos thehighestclegatefti€ SoveEignPontiffsemporalauthorityoverVatican CityStateForthis reason,t is thepracticeof thePresidentnd DirectorCcnemlofthe IoRto reporto CardinalSodanonhis caPacityfSecletaryof Stateandaschainnanas he
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