This study offers an in-depth exploration of a concept described by Hermida as ambient journalism or an awareness system that offers diverse means to collect, communicate, share anddisplay news and information, serving diverse purposes (2010: 301). This always-on communicationsystem carries significant implications for journalists role in society and the larger question of how acommunitys information needs are met in a digital world, particularly during a fast-moving breakingnews situation. Journalists hoping to harness new tools to continue to play a role as sensemakers andverifiers of information, in a landscape where the public has the ability bypass them, need to understandwhat this growing online community is doing and what its needs, norms and motivations are. Forexample, during the storm, Fox 13s Joey Sulipeck asked his followers to use the hashtag #foxstorm sowe can better monitor affected areas. The reaction on Twitter was swift and fierce; the community wasalready using the #memstorm hashtag and resented an attempt to brand the storm response to oneparticular station.This study builds on existing theory and research revealing how social media has helped makethe news process increasingly participatory, expanding traditional conceptions of news and challengingthe role of journalists as gatekeepers who select and edit information for presentation to the public(Singer et. al., 2011). In their book
Participatory Journalism: Guarding Open Gates at Online Newspapers
,Jane Singer, Alfred Hermida and a host of other contributors amass substantial evidence showing thatpeople inside and outside the newsroom are engaged in communicating not only to, but also with, oneanother. In doing so, they all are participating in the ongoing processes of creating a news website andbuilding a multifaceted community (2011: 2). By looking at one specific use case in detail, this study willexamine further how a community may play a role in covering itself, even outside of any deliberateefforts by journalists.