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Prob01sRatings: (0)|Views: 75|Likes: 2

Published by Jitendra Mishra

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/82277618/Prob01s

07/10/2013

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PHYS1413 Physics in a NutshellProblem set 1Due Date: 5:00 p.m., March 10, 2008

Answer all questions in this problem set.Please take

g

= 9.8 m/s

2

in all numerical problems except Q17 and Q18.

1. A ship

B

is steaming on a straight course south-east at a uniform speed of 15 km/h. Another ship

A

, is adistance of 10 km due north of

B

and steams at a speed of 12 km/h. Find the course that

A

must steer inorder to get as close to

B

as possible, and their minimum distance apart.2.

A projectile is fired with speed

3 / 4

gh

from the top of a cliff of height

h

, and strikes the sea at ahorizontal distance 2

h

from the gun. Find the two possible angles of elevation of the gun.3.

A wedge of mass

m

lies on a smooth horizontal plane and a particle of mass

m

is in contact with asmooth inclined face of the wedge. The inclination of this face to the horizontal is 30

o

. The system isreleased from rest with the particle at a vertical height

h

above the horizontal plane. Find(a) the acceleration of the wedge,(b)

the time taken by the particle to reach the horizontal plane.4.

With what force

F

must a man pull on a rope in order to support the platform on which he stands, if theweight of the man is

W

1

and that of the platform is

W

2

? What is the maximum weight of platform thatthe man can support? Assume that all pulleys are massless and frictionless.

m

30

o

mh

2

5.

Two particles

A

, and

B

, of equal mass are at rest on a smooth horizontal table, joined by a string whichis just taut.

A

is projected with velocity

u

at 45

o

to

AB

. Find the velocities of

A

and

B

immediately thestring becomes taut again.6. Spheres

A

and

B

are moving with initial velocities

u

A

and

u

B

respectively (see figure). If

B

is brought torest after impact, and the kinetic energy of

A

is unchanged. Find the coefficient of restitution

e

.7. Two particles each of mass

m

are connected by a light inextensible string and a particle of mass

M

isattached to the midpoint of the string. The system is at rest on a smooth horizontal table with the string just taut and in a straight line. The particle

M

is given a velocity

V

along the table perpendicular to thestring. Prove that, when the two end particles are about to collide,(a) the velocity of

M

is

m M VM

2

+

,(b)

the speed of each of

m

is

m M m M M V

2)}(2{

21

++

.

B A

u

45

o

B

u

A

u

B

A

m

2m

38. A light inelastic string passes round small smooth pulleys

A

,

B

in the same horizontal line at a distance 2

a

apart, and carries masses

m

1

at each end and a mass

m

2

(< 2

m

1

) at its middle point. The system is releasedfrom rest with

m

2

at the middle point of

AB

. By applying the principle of the conservation of energy, showthat the system comes to instantaneous rest when

m

2

has fallen a distance

222121

44

mmmam

−

.9.

An elastic string of natural length

a

is found to extend

e

when a small weight is attached to one end, theother end being fixed. The weight is now made to describe a horizontal circle with angular velocity

ω

rad/s; find the extension of the string and the inclination of the string to the vertical. Show that

ω

2

mustbe less than

g/e

and greater than

g/(a+e).

10. A circular hoop rotates with uniform angular velocity

ω

about a vertical diameter

AOB

,

O

being thecenter. A smooth ring

P

of mass

m

can slide on the hoop. If

α

be the angle of inclination of the radius

OP

to the vertical when the ring is in equilibrium with respect to the hoop, prove that cos

α

=

g/

ω

2

a

,where

a

is the radius of the hoop. Obtain also the reaction between the ring and the hoop.

aam

2

m

1

m

1

g A B Angular velocity =

ω

ω

BO APam

α

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