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Prob01s

# Prob01s

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07/10/2013

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PHYS1413 Physics in a NutshellProblem set 1Due Date: 5:00 p.m., March 10, 2008
g
= 9.8 m/s
2
in all numerical problems except Q17 and Q18.

1. A ship
B
is steaming on a straight course south-east at a uniform speed of 15 km/h. Another ship
A
, is adistance of 10 km due north of
B
and steams at a speed of 12 km/h. Find the course that
A
must steer inorder to get as close to
B
as possible, and their minimum distance apart.2.

A projectile is fired with speed
3 / 4
gh
from the top of a cliff of height
h
, and strikes the sea at ahorizontal distance 2
h
from the gun. Find the two possible angles of elevation of the gun.3.

A wedge of mass
m
lies on a smooth horizontal plane and a particle of mass
m
is in contact with asmooth inclined face of the wedge. The inclination of this face to the horizontal is 30
o
. The system isreleased from rest with the particle at a vertical height
h
above the horizontal plane. Find(a) the acceleration of the wedge,(b)

the time taken by the particle to reach the horizontal plane.4.

With what force
must a man pull on a rope in order to support the platform on which he stands, if theweight of the man is
1
and that of the platform is
2
? What is the maximum weight of platform thatthe man can support? Assume that all pulleys are massless and frictionless.
m
30
o

mh

2

5.

Two particles
A
, and
B
, of equal mass are at rest on a smooth horizontal table, joined by a string whichis just taut.
A
is projected with velocity
u
at 45
o
to
AB
. Find the velocities of
A
and
B
immediately thestring becomes taut again.6. Spheres
A
and
B
are moving with initial velocities
u
A
and
u
B
respectively (see figure). If
B
is brought torest after impact, and the kinetic energy of
A
is unchanged. Find the coefficient of restitution
e
.7. Two particles each of mass
m
are connected by a light inextensible string and a particle of mass
M
isattached to the midpoint of the string. The system is at rest on a smooth horizontal table with the string just taut and in a straight line. The particle
M
is given a velocity
along the table perpendicular to thestring. Prove that, when the two end particles are about to collide,(a) the velocity of
M
is
m M VM
2
+
,(b)

the speed of each of
m
is
m M m M  M
2)}(2{
21
++
.
B A
u
45
o

B

u
A
u
B
A

m

2m

38. A light inelastic string passes round small smooth pulleys
A
,
B
in the same horizontal line at a distance 2
a
apart, and carries masses
m
1
at each end and a mass
m
2
(< 2
m
1
) at its middle point. The system is releasedfrom rest with
m
2
at the middle point of
AB
. By applying the principle of the conservation of energy, showthat the system comes to instantaneous rest when
m
2
has fallen a distance
222121
44
mmmam
.9.

An elastic string of natural length
a
is found to extend
e
when a small weight is attached to one end, theother end being fixed. The weight is now made to describe a horizontal circle with angular velocity
ω
rad/s; find the extension of the string and the inclination of the string to the vertical. Show that
ω
2

mustbe less than
g/e
and greater than
g/(a+e).
10. A circular hoop rotates with uniform angular velocity
ω
AOB
,
O
being thecenter. A smooth ring
P
of mass
m
can slide on the hoop. If
α
be the angle of inclination of the radius
OP
to the vertical when the ring is in equilibrium with respect to the hoop, prove that cos
α

=
g/
ω

2
a
,where
a
is the radius of the hoop. Obtain also the reaction between the ring and the hoop.
aam
2
m
1
m
1
g A B Angular velocity =
ω

ω
BO APam
α