Experience) if particular connections become very busy or getdamaged.4.Road traffic management and 'one way' street allocations i.e.allocation problems.
Determining the routes of school buses (or city buses) so that asfew buses are needed as possible.
Designing the layout of a computer chip to reducemanufacturing time (therefore reducing cost) Managing the flowof raw materials and products in a supply chain based onuncertain demand for the finished products.
Efficient messaging and customer response tactics.
Robotizing or automating human-driven operations processes.
Globalizing operations processes in order to take advantage of cheaper materials, labour, land or other productivity inputsManaging freight transportation and delivery systems(Examples: LTL Shipping, intermodal freight transport).
Project tasks.14.Network data traffic: these are known as queuing models orqueueing systems.
Sports events and their television coverage blending of rawmaterials in oil.
Refineries determining optimal prices, in many retail and B2Bsettings, within the disciplines of pricing science.Operations research is also used extensively in governmentwhere evidence-based policy is used.
Q.1- b) “Operation Research is an aid for the executive in makinghis decisions based on scientific methods analysis”. Discuss theabove statement in brief.
Operation Research is a scientific method of providing executivedepartments with a quantitative basis for decisions regarding theoperations under their control. Morse & Kimball Operations research is ascientific approach to problem solving for executive management. – H.M.Wagner Operations research is an aid for the executive in making thesedecisions by providing him with the needed quantitative informationbased on the scientific method of analysis. The mission of OperationsResearch is to serve the entire Operations Research (OR) community,including practitioners, researchers, educators, and students. OperationsResearch, as the flagship journal of our profession, strives to publishresults that are truly insightful. Each issue of Operations Researchattempts to provide a balance of well-written articles that span the widearray of creative activities in OR. Thus, the major criteria for acceptanceof a paper in Operations Research are that the paper is important tomore than a small subset of the OR community, contains importantinsights, and makes a substantial contribution to the field that will stand