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Volturno 1860. L'ultima battaglia

Volturno 1860. L'ultima battaglia

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Article dedicated to the Battle of Volturno 1860, abstracts from "L'Anno di Teano", Atti del Convegno Nazionale CISM-SISM su il Risorgimento e l'Europa, Roma 9-10 novembre 2010, Roma 2011, pp. 273-307.
Article dedicated to the Battle of Volturno 1860, abstracts from "L'Anno di Teano", Atti del Convegno Nazionale CISM-SISM su il Risorgimento e l'Europa, Roma 9-10 novembre 2010, Roma 2011, pp. 273-307.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Giovanni Cerino-Badone on Feb 21, 2012
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06/24/2014

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Xo`y{}do >387
@“{`ylfn mnyyne`ln
Eloxnddl Ak}ldo&Mniodk Dod ilky}o nl f{}l, dod kdy}o nl hoqql,fn ld anfwo nwk}yo, ilnxo`l }oqql2acl x{o` anddodl, xnin k `l w}kdin,aofk yo}}kdyk ack i%n`yo qakdin,aofk xn`nden il eloecl n`wldl$ N hk}}o h}kiio, En}lmn`ildl. @n En}lmn`ildn
Qk dod hoqqk qynyo wk} `“ldxlyo ik``“{hhlalo qyo}lao n wn}ykalwn}k n` aodxkedo q{`akdyoald~{ndykqlfo nddlxk}qn}lo ik``“lfw}kqn ikl Fl``k w}omnml`fkdyk dod fl qn}kl fnl oaa{wnyoik``n anfwnedn fk}lilodn`k il El{qkwwk En}lmn`il k ik``n Mnyyne`ln ik` Xo`y{}do$ @k }nelodl qodo wl{yyoqyo qkfw`lal: }lykdkxo ack q{ {do ike`l qaody}l wlü doyl ik` ]lqo}elfkdyo lyn`lndo al hoqqkndao}n woao in il}k k qa}lxk}k$ Fn aofk `o qy{ilo il Qnd Fn}yldo fl nxkxn elç ilfoqy}nyo, ~{k``nik` Xo`y{}do ã {dn wneldn il qyo}ln ndao}n in qa}lxk}k$ @n }nqqkedn mlm`loe}nhlan }lfndk aof{d~{klfw}kqqlodnyk k al ql }lkqak ni o}lkdyn}k qo`o aod fo`yn hnylan$In {d w{dyo il xlqyn q~{lqlynfkdyk fl`lyn}k `o qaody}o aodommk q{mlyo {dn xnqyn kao n `lxk``ok{}owko, dod qo`o n an{qn ik``k lffkilnyk aodqke{kdzk ik``n qykqqn ‑ `“nddkqqlodk ik` ]kedo ik``kI{k Qlal`lk n` ]kedo il Qn}ikedn k `n a}knzlodk ik` ]kedo i“Lyn`ln ‑ fn ndack wk} `n xnqyn wn}ykalwnzlodk il xo`odyn}l k{}owkl n``o qykqqo$ L w}lfl qa}lyyl il Ucl`ck`f ]ðqyou, elç ao`oddk``oanwo il qynyo fneelo}k ik``“Kqk}alyo fk}lilodn`k, h{}odo inyl n``k qynfwk fkdo il {d nddo iowo `n mnyyne`ln ik` Xo`y{}do aod `“kilzlodk ykikqan ik` >38>
>
, }lw}owoqyl `“nddo qke{kdyk ld `lde{nh}ndakqk
=
$@“kxkdyo kmmk dny{}n`fkdyk xnqyn kao ld Ldecl`yk}}n, ioxk qkfw}k dk` >38> Acn}`kq Qy{n}yHo}mkq w{mm`lanxn `k q{k fkfo}lk q{``n anfwnedn fk}lilodn`k
1
$@k owk}nzlodl aodioyyk inEn}lmn`il dk` ]kedo ik``k I{k Qlal`lk h{}odo }nwlinfkdyk nqqlfl`nyk ndack inl fl`lyn}l qyny{dlykdql,l ~{n`l dk` >38= q{l `o}o y}nyynyl il ynyylan k qy}nykeln fl`lyn}k y}oxnxndo kqkfwl ldk}kdyl n``nanfwnedn lyn`lndn ik` >387
9
$Ld Lyn`ln `n mnyyne`ln ik` Xo`y{}do, k y{yyn `n anfwnedn en}lmn`ildn ld ekdk}n`k, h{ nhh}odynyn ldfoio aofw`kynfkdyk owwoqyo$ Qk ql qao}}k `n mlm`loe}nhln, xnqylqqlfn, q{``“kwowkn en}lmn`ildn,y}oxlnfo ack `n ~{nql yoyn`lyç ikl ykqyl w}oioyyl ql }lhk}lqak n``n fkfo}ln`lqylan, n` }naaodyo il acla“k}n k ack xo``k `nqaln}k q{``n an}yn `n w}ow}ln xk}qlodk ikl hnyyl$ Qo`o e`l qaodhlyyl ak}an}odo illfmnqyl}k {d“ndn`lql n` `o}o yoyn`k y}nao``o$ Ld ~{kqyo aodykdyo ql ldqk}lqak l` `nxo}o il Eloxnddl Ik``lH}ndal, elç {hhlaln`k ik``“kqk}alyo dnwo`kyndo, l` ~{n`k dk` >357 ilkik n``k qynfwk {dn w}ow}lnxk}qlodk ike`l kxkdyl, {dn xoak ‐ndyneodlqyn‖ n``n x{`enyn ack elç ql qynxn ilhhodikdio q{l hnyyl ililkal nddl w}lfn
;
$ In wn}yk lyn`lndn h{ ldxkak eloaoho}zn kdhnylzzn}k l` }{o`o qxo`yo in``“kqk}alyo}keo`n}k, ld wn}ylao`n}k i{}ndyk `n anfwnedn aody}o `k ho}zk wodylhlalk dk``k Fn}ack k n``“nqqkilo ilEnkyn$
>
U$ ]ðqyou,
 Ik} lyn`lkdlqack B}lke wo`lylqac&fl`lyé}lqac mkqc}lkmkd
, Zð}lac >38>$
=
U$ ]ðqyou,
 @n E{k}}k Lyn`lkddk kd >387$ Anfwnedk ik En}lmn`il indq `kq Ik{s&Qlal`kq, ky n{y}kq ìxìdkfkdyqfl`lynl}kq j{q~“n `n anwly{`nylod ik Enkyk kd fn}q >38>$ Dn}}nylod Wo`lyl~{k ky Fl`lynl}k
, Ekdìxk&Wn}lq >38=$
1
A$ Q$ Ho}mkq,
Yck Anfwnled oh En}lmn`il ld yck Yuo Qlal`lkq$ N wk}qodn` dn}}nylxk
, Kilfm{}ec&@odiod, >38>$
9
K$ Qacn`b,
Q{ffn}| oh yck N}y oh Un}: u}lyyk ksw}kqq`| ho} ndi ikilanyki yo yck [$Q$ Xo`{dykkk} N}f|
, Wcl`nik`wcln>38=, w$ >17$
;
E$ Ik``l H}ndal,
A}odlan ik``n Anfwnedn i“N{y{ddo ik` >387$ Hnyyn q{``k }lxk ik` Xo`y{}do k ik` En}le`lndoin``“Kqk}alyo Dnwo`lyndo, n``n ~{n`k ã woqyo lddndzl {d }naaodyo il hnyyl fl`lyn}l k wo`lylal nxxkd{yl dk` ]knfk ik``kQlal`lk dkl ioilal nddl ack `n w}kakikyyk}o
, = xo``$, Dnwo`l >357$
 
N mkd e{n}in}k `n mlm`loe}nhln qalkdylhlan q{``n mnyyne`ln ik` Xo`y{}do ql }li{ak n woacl ylyo`l$Woqqlnfo aodqlik}n}k xn`lil l w}lfl wlodk}lqylal `nxo}l il Eko}ek Fnan{`n| Y}kxk`|nd
8
k,qow}nyy{yyo, il N`mk}y Fnne
5
,kilyl ne`l ldlzl ik` doxkakdyo$ Iowo il `o}o iommlnfo nyykdik}k l` ykqyoil Wlk}o Wlk}l ik` ><8=
3
 k ~{k``o il El{qkwwk En}lmn`il J{dlo} ik` ><3>
<
, wk} }ly}oxn}k {d“ndn`lqlynyylao&qy}nykelan ldk}kdyk nl aofmnyylfkdyl ik` Xo`y{}do$Fn e`l qy{il wlü ldyk}kqqndyl ack qodo qynyl qldo ni o}n w}oioyyl qodo qla{}nfkdyk ~{k``l il El{`loil @o}kdzo
$L` q{o lfwo}yndyk `nxo}o w}kqqo `“N}aclxlo il Qynyo il Anqk}yn cn fkqqo ld `{ak {dnqk}lk il ykqylfodlndzk hodinfkdyn`l wk} `n }laoqy}{zlodk ik``n mnyyne`ln ld y{yyl l q{ol ikyyne`ln, ndack~{k``l fkdo doyl$ Ld wn}ylao`n}k ã qynyo hldn`fkdyk woqqlml`k aofw}kdik}k:&`“o}endlzznzlodk ik` aofndio mo}modlao l elo}dl w}kakikdyl l aofmnyylfkdyl2&l` `nxo}o il
ldyk``lekdak
fkqqo ld nyyo in En}lmn`il2&`“lfwo}yndzn ik``n M}lenyn xod Fkack` wk} `n }l{qalyn ik` wlndo qy}nykelao mo}modlao2&`“kqnyyn wo}ynyn ike`l kxkdyl il Anqyk` Fo}}odk$E}nzlk n ~{kqyl d{oxl `nxo}l `n mnyyne`ln ik` Xo`y{}do kqak in``k dkmmlk ik``n `keekdin}lqo}elfkdyn`k, k ql w}kqkdyn nl doqy}l oaacl ld y{yyn `n q{n i}nffnylan }kn`yç: `“kqy}kfo ykdynylxo il{d kqk}alyo lfw}kwn}nyo ni {d aodh`lyyo ni n`yn ldykdqlyç il }laod~{lqyn}k ld {d qo`o ao`wo `n xlyyo}ln,l` fo}n`k, `n }kw{ynzlodk k `“ldlzlnylxn qy}nykelan$ Y}owwo omlkyylxl ld y}owwo woao ykfwo$
>$
 
Aofk aofmnyyk}k: l`
 ]ìe`kfkdy 
h}ndakqk k `“
O}ildndzn il Q{n Fnkqyç
ik` >398
Aofk elç k}n nxxkd{yo wk} `“kqk}alyo ik` ]kedo il Qn}ikedn, ndack `“n}fnyn ik` ]kedo ik``kI{k Qlal`lk nxkxn lfwoqynyo `n w}ow}ln ioyy}ldn i“lfwlkeo k ynyylan il aofmnyylfkdyo q{l aokxl}keo`nfkdyl ld {qo w}kqqo `“kqk}alyo h}ndakqk
$ L`
 ]ìe`kfkdy aodak}dndy `“Ksk}alak ky `k fndő{x}kq ik `“Ldhndyk}lk
ik` >5<>
,l` ykqyo mnqk acklqwl}ý `k ynyylack ik``“kqk}alyo h}ndakqk i{}ndyk `k E{k}}k Dnwo`kodlack, dod qo`o dod k}n qynyonmmndiodnyo, fn k}n qynyo neelo}dnyo dk` >3=>
$ L`
 ]ìe`kfkdy 
, qa}lyyo in Jknd&Ndyoldk&Clwwo`|yk ikE{lmk}y, k}n h}{yyo il {dn w}ohodin ki na{yn ndn`lql ik``k kqwk}lkdzk il aofmnyylfkdyo ik` SXLLLqkao`o
$^{ndio xkddk nioyynyo k}n {do qy}{fkdyo n``“nxnde{n}iln k wk}hkyynfkdyk nike{nyo n``k
8
E$ F$ Y}kxk`|nd,
En}lmn`il ndi yck fnblde oh Lyn`|
, @odiod ><>>$ L` ykqyo il Y}kxk`|nd, n` ~{n`k qke{à
En}lmn`il ndi yck Yco{qndi 
, @odiod ><>=, h{ l` w}lfo ykdynylxo il }laoqy}{l}k q{ mnqk ioa{fkdyn}ln `k xlakdik ik``n anfwnedn ik`>387$ndao}n oeel {d }lhk}lfkdyo omm`lenyo wk} aofw}kdik}k `“lfwodkdyk qho}zo `oelqylao fkqqo ld nyyo in``“Ldecl`yk}}n wk} q{wwo}yn}k `n qwkilzlodk il En}lmn`il aody}o l` ]kedo ik``k I{k Qlal`lk$
5
N$ Fnne,
Ekqaclacyk ik} Qacuklzk}y}{wwkd ld dknwo`lyndlqackd Ilkdqykd >3=;&>38>$ Fly [dlho}fml`ik}d, Wo}ynlyq, Bn}ykd {d W`édkd
, Zð}lac ><7<
3
W$ Wlk}l, Qyo}ln fl`lyn}k ik` ]lqo}elfkdyo, Yo}ldo ><8=, ww$ 577&5>>$
<
E$ En}lmn`il J{dlo},
 @n Mnyyne`ln ik` Xo`y{}do
, ]ofn ><3>$
>7
L ykqyl il El{`lo il @o}kdzo qodo alynyl ld doyn dk` ykqyo$
>>
@n mlm`loe}nhln q{``“kqk}alyo ik` ]kedo ik``k I{k Qlal`lk ã n``o qynyo nyy{n`k fo`yo wlü }laan k }kakdyk il ~{k``n ikilanynn``“kqk}alyo ik` ]kedo il Qn}ikedn, ndack qk
fo}k qo`lyo
`“nqwkyyo ik``k ynyylack il aofmnyylfkdyo k ik``k ioyy}ldk illfwlkeo nwwn}k l` wlü qna}lhlanyo$ O`y}k n` hodinfkdyn`k E$ A$ Mok}l, W$ A}oalndl,
 @“Kqk}alyo Mo}modlao in` >53< n` >38>
, 9 xo``$, ]ofn ><3<&><<3, ah}$ Y$ N}elo`nq,
Qyo}ln ik``“kqk}alyo mo}modlao
, Dnwo`l ><572 ]$ F$ Qk`xneel,
 Dofl kxo`yl il {d kqk}alyo ilfkdylanyo$ [hhlaln`l ik``“kqk}alyo dnwo`kyndo ik` >387&8>
, Dnwo`l ><<72 Y$ Mnyyne`ldl,
 L` a}o``ofl`lyn}k ik` ]kedo ik``k I{k Qlal`lk
, = xo``$, Foikdn ><132 LI,
 @%o}endlzznzlodk fl`lyn}k ik` ]kedo ik``k I{k Qlal`lk:in An}`o LLL n``%lfw}kqn en}lmn`ildn
, Foikdn ><97$
>=
 
 ]ìe`kfkdy aodak}dndy `“Ksk}alak ky `k fndő{x}kq ik `“Ldhndyk}lk$ I{ >}k$ Noòy >5<>
, Wn}lq >5<=$
>1
 
 ]ìe`kfkdy aodak}dndy `“Ksk}alak ky `k fndő{x}kq ik `“Ldhndyk}lk$ I{ w}kflk} No{y >5<>$ Do{xk``k ìilylod,naaofwnedãk ik Doykq wn} FF$ M$ ky @$, ky i“{dk do{xk``k W`ndack wo{} `n Ho}fnylod kd Mnynl``k
, Wn}lq >3=>$
>9
 
J$ N$ C$ E{lmk}y,
 ]ãe`kfkdy aodak}dndy `“ksk}alak ky `kq fndo{x}kq ik `“ldhndyk}lk
, Wn}lq >5<=$ L` }keo`nfkdyokdhnylzznxn `“{qo ik``n ao`oddn wk} f{oxk}ql l` wlü xk`oakfkdyk woqqlml`k, fkdy}k {dn xo`yn el{dyl n aodynyyo aod l`dkflao `“{dlyç ql qaclk}nxn ld `ldkn wk} qh}{yyn}k n` fke`lo `n woykdzn il h{oao ik` }kwn}yo$ Fo`yk ik``k ndn`lql k likk ilE{lmk}y }le{n}io `k lqyly{zlodl fl`lyn}l k n``k ynyylack fl`lyn}l h{}odo lqwl}nyk in``n }kn`yç ik``“kqk}alyo k ik``n qoalkyç w}{qqlndn, ndack qk dod fndanxn il kqn`yn}k kqkfwl h}ndakql:
 Ì`oek i{ Fn}kacn` ik Anyldny 
, Kilfmo{}e >55;2
K`oeki{ ]ol ik W}{qqk$ Wn} `“N{yk{} ik `“Kqqnl Ekdk}n` ik Ynayl~{k
,
 
Mk}`ld >53<2
Jo{}dn` i“{d Xo|nek kd N``kfnedk, hnly kd
 
dkakqqlyç mk``lack ik` wk}loio, fn n``n fkyç ik` SLS qkao`o w}owodkxn ynyylack ik` y{yyo q{wk}nyk$W{} }laodoqakdio n``“nzlodk il h{oao `“k`kfkdyo ilqy}{yylxo ikalqlxo, k}ndo ndao}n w}kxlqyl wk} `nhndyk}ln `“o}fnl q{wk}nyo qaclk}nfkdyo q{ y}k }ndecl, fkdy}k l fneelo}l kqk}alyl k{}owkl, W}{qqln kLdecl`yk}}n dk``n hnyylqwkalk, aofmnyykxndo aod l w}ow}l mnyyne`lodl lfwoqynyl q{ i{k qo`l }ndecl$L`
 ]ìe`kfkdy 
k}n ikqyldnyo n q{qalyn}k {d“ldh`{kdzn ho}ylqqlfn w}kqqo ~{k``k ho}zk n}fnyk l a{l~{ni}l q{wk}lo}l ql k}ndo ho}fnyl dk``“kqk}alyo il Dnwo`kodk, ~{n`l nww{dyo ~{k``o Qn}io k ~{k``o Dnwo`kyndo
$ L`
 ]keo`nfkdyo wk} `k y}{wwk ld anfwnedn aod lqy}{zlodl qow}n e`l naanfwnfkdyl ldinyn >< ekddnlo >311
ik``“n}fnyn qn}in k
 @“o}ildndzn il Q{n Fnkqyç wk} e`l kqk}alzj k `k kxo`{zlodlik``k y}{wwk il hndyk}ln
ik` >398 nioyynyo in``“n}fnyn dnwo`kyndn }lw}kdikxndo fo`yl ike`l k`kfkdylik` foik``o ynyylao w}owoqyo in E{lmk}y, y}n a{l `o qaclk}nfkdyo ikl }kwn}yl il hndyk}ln q{ y}k }ndecl$@k }kakdyl kqwk}lkdzk mk``lack ik``k anfwnedk dnwo`kodlack nxkxndo ilfoqy}nyo `“kaakqqlxn wkqndykzzn ik``k ho}fnzlodl q{ y}k }ndecl k `n `o}o ldhk}lo}lyç il h{oao dkl aodh}odyl il }kwn}yl wlüqdk``l qaclk}nyl q{ i{k `ldkk$ Alnqa{d qo`inyo ioxkxn oaa{wn}k {d }kyyndeo`o il 87 af il `n}eckzzn k89 af il w}ohodilyç, qwnzlo q{hhlalkdykfkdyk `n}eo wk} aodqkdyl}k l foxlfkdyl dkakqqn}l n`an}lanfkdyo ik``“n}fn k n` w{dynfkdyo qwoqyndio ldilky}o l` wlkik ikqy}o n 9;·$ Yko}lanfkdyk y{yyl lh{al`l ik` }kwn}yo ioxkxndo kqqk}k ld e}nio il hn}k h{oao aody}o l` dkflao$ Nxxkdlxn aoqà ack, nan{qn ik``k ioynzlodl wk}qodn`l ho}fnyk in {do znldo, `n mo}}naaln k nyy}kzzl il qanxo, oed{doioxkxn n hnylan y}oxn}k `o qwnzlo wk} }l{qal}k n w{dyn}k `“n}fn$ ^{ndio l qo`inyl k}ndo w}odyl n`h{oao, l` w}lfo }ndeo fkyykxn n yk}}n l` eldoaaclo ikqy}o, fkdy}k l` qkaodio qwoqyn `k qwn``k xk}qoikqy}n$
 L` h{oao il hl`k ql kqke{l}ç in``n w}lfn k qkaodin }len2 `n yk}zn iox}ç qo`yndyo an}lan}k`“n}fn k wnqqn}`n ne`l {ofldl ik``n qkaodin }len, qkdzn yl}n}k elnffnl
$ Dny{}n`fkdyk ql y}nyynxnil {dn wln l``{qlodk, k {dn xo`yn ldlzlnyo {d aofmnyylfkdyo n h{oao k}n wl{yyoqyo ilhhlal`k hn} }ln`zn}kin yk}}n l` w}lfo }ndeo, in` fofkdyo ack ld ~{kqyo foio e`l {ofldl ohh}lxndo n` dkflao {d mk}qne`lo nqqnl fkdo xlqyoqo$ Wk}yndyo l w}lfl i{k }ndecl }lfndkxn ld wlkil, fkdy}k l` yk}zoh{dzlodnxn {dlanfkdyk in }lqk}xn wk} ao`fn}k l x{oyl ack woykxndo nw}l}ql q{` h}odyk il mnyyne`lodk$Ql y}nyynxn i{d~{k il {dn woqy{}n ack l qo`inyl ilhhlal`fkdyk nx}kmmk}o woy{yo nww`lan}k ld mnyyne`ln,k n yn`k w}owoqlyo elç dk` SXLLL qkao`o Jnaom Fn{xl``od, dk` q{o
 Kqqnl q{} `“ldh`{kdak ik `n wo{i}kç andod indq `“n}y ik `n e{k}}k foik}dk
, ldilanxn nl q{ol `kyyo}l ack
dod wn}`k}ý nhhnyyo ik` yl}o,~{ndio ql hn fkyyk}k {d eldoaaclo n yk}}n n` w}lfo }ndeo, dì `o hn}ý ld n`a{dn wn}yk il~{kqy“owk}n2 wolacì ~{kqyo foxlfkdyo, aoqà aof{dk ld wlnzzn i“n}fl, dod ql khhkyy{n fnl ld e{k}}n,aoqn ik``n ~{n`k {dlanfkdyk ~{l ql y}nyyn
$ Aoqà hnakdio n`fkdo {d yk}zo ik``“{dlyç dod kdy}nxnlffkilnynfkdyk ld aofmnyylfkdyo, k`kfkdyo wl{yyoqyo e}nxk in` fofkdyo ack e`l kqk}alyl k{}owkl,aofw}kqo ~{k``o dnwo`kyndo, k}ndo o}fnl y{yyl k~{lwneelnyl aod h{al`l aod lddkqao n `{fldk``o, lde}nio il qxl`{wwn}k {d doykxo`k xo`{fk il h{oao ni {dn xk`oalyç ~{nql iowwln }lqwkyyo nl h{al`l n wlky}n hoanln, wk} `“{qo ikl ~{n`l l`
 ]ìe`kfkdy 
il E{lmk}y k}n qynyo wkdqnyo$^{kqyn acln}n qoyyoqylfn ik``n woykdzn il h{oao k}n aoqynyn fo`yo an}n nl Qn}il dk` mlkddlo >393&>39<, ~{ndio `“kqk}alyo n{qy}lnao ilfoqy}ý il woqqkik}k fneelo}l ~{n`lyç fndox}lk}k, {d fle`lo} lfwlkeo ik``n hndyk}ln `keek}n k, ld ikhldlylxn, `n anwnalyç il qxl`{wwn}k {dn fneelo}k woykdzn ilh{oao$ L` d{oxo
 ]keo`nfkdyo wk} `“kqk}alzlo k `k kxo`{zlodl ik``n Hndyk}ln il @ldkn
ik` >3;=}lilqy}lm{à `n hndyk}ln ik` ]kedo il Qn}ikedn q{ i{k }ndecl
, hnxo}kdio `n foml`lyç q{` anfwo il mnyyne`ln ikl mnyyne`lodl$ @n anfwnedn ik` >3;< nxkxn fkqqo ld `{ak ndao}n d{fk}oqk `na{dk dk``kioyy}ldk il lfwlkeo ikl Qn}il, fn l w{dyl i“ofm}n }le{n}inxndo w}ldalwn`fkdyk `k owk}nzlodlaodel{dyk y}n hndyk}ln il `ldkn k hndyk}ln `keek}n k `“o}endlzznzlodk ik``n anykdn il aofndio, w}lfn
>551
, = xo``$, Wn}lq >371$ Q{``n hle{}n il E{lmk}y ah}$ K$ E}ohhlk},
 @k Qy}nyãek ikq @{flk}q$ @k aofyk ik E{lmk}y #>591&>5<7
, Wn}lq =77;$
>;
L }keo`nfkdyl ynyylal k}ndo }lfnqyl likdylal n ~{k``o h}ndakqk, k dk` >311 ld Wlkfodyk k dk` >398 n Dnwo`lqoqyndzln`fkdyk }kinyyl ike`l ninyynfkdyl nl }lqwkyylxl kqk}alyl$ Hnyyo ~{kqyo ack xkddk doynyo elç dk` >31; in` ekdk}n`kO{ildoy dk` q{o `nxo}o il ndn`lql q{e`l kqk}alyl lyn`lndl ik``n w}lfn fkyç ik` SLS qkao`o$ Wk} `“kqk}alyo ik` ]kedo ik``kI{k Qlal`lk dk``o qwkalhlao ah}$ O{ildoy,
 Ik `“Lyn`lk k ik qkq Ho}akq Fl`lynl}kq
, Wn}lq >31;, w$ =5$
>8
 
 @“O}ildndzn il Q{n Fnkqyç wk} e`l Kqk}alzj k `k Kxo`{zlodl ik``k Y}{wwk il Hndyk}ln
, Xo`$ L, Dnwo`l >398, w$ 91
>5
J$ Fn{xl``od,
 Kqqnl q{} `“ldh`{kdak ik `n wo{i}k ç andod indq `“n}y ik `n e{k}}k foik}dk
, @klwzle >533, ww$ >;5&>;3$
>3
 
 ]keo`nfkdyo wk} `“kqk}alzlo k `k kxo`{zlodl ik``n Hndyk}ln il @ldkn
, Xo`$ L, Yo}ldo >3;=, w$ 3=$

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