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Finding a unique 17th century house in Sandwich, Massachusetts

Finding a unique 17th century house in Sandwich, Massachusetts

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Published by Craig Chartier
The owners bought a house. They thought it had been built in 1817. The contractor started renovating the interior and suddenly a mid to late seventeenth century house appeared as if by magic. But, it had been moved to its present site. From where though? Thanks to an understanding of where 17th century English colonists liked to build their homes, we were able to fairly quickly locate the original site adjacent to its current location. This is a report about a tiny, unique 17th century house.
The owners bought a house. They thought it had been built in 1817. The contractor started renovating the interior and suddenly a mid to late seventeenth century house appeared as if by magic. But, it had been moved to its present site. From where though? Thanks to an understanding of where 17th century English colonists liked to build their homes, we were able to fairly quickly locate the original site adjacent to its current location. This is a report about a tiny, unique 17th century house.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Craig Chartier on Feb 21, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/04/2014

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FINAL REPORT FOR THEARCHAEOLOGICAL TESTING,WATER STREET,SANDWICH, MASSACHUSETTS
Prepared forTom KeyesandFamilyByCraig S. ChartierPlymouth Archaeological Rediscovery ProjectMarch 2012
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
List of Figures and Tables....................................................................................................................iiiI. INTRODUCTION................................................................................................…........................1II. ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXT.........................................................................…........................2III. ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY..........................................................................…........................6IV. PREHISTORIC CONTEXT................................................................................…......................17V. HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF SANDWICH......................................................…......................24VI. ARCHAEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS.......................................................…......................30VII. ARTIFACT ANALYSIS.....................................................................................…......................52VIII. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS............................................….....................133REFERENCES CITED..............................................................................................….....................135APPENDIX A 22 Water St. House Measurements.............................................................................148APPENDIX B Artifact Catalog...........................................................................................................151
 
 Archaeological Testing Water St. Sandwich, MA
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1. Location of the project area on topographic map....................................... 3Figure 2. Location of 22 Water St and the Knoll House Site.................................... 4Figure 3. 22 Water St. House exterior views.................................................…......... 9Figure 4. Line drawing of principal timbers 22 Water St. ........................................10Figure 5. Interior photographs of 22 Water St. .........................................................12Figure 6. Interior photographs of 22 Water St. .........................................................13Figure 7. Seventeenth century idealized farm plan(Modified from Markham 1614) ..............................................................16Figure 8. 1884 lithograph showing Jonathan Burr and Danieland Phebe Weston's house as well as their barn andassociated outbuilding...............................................................................30Figure 9. Archaeological testing around the house at 22 Water St............................32Figure 10. 22 Water St. test pit 6 excavation.............................................................33Figure 11. Archaeological testing at the Knoll House site.........................................34Figure 12. Excavation at the Knoll House Site..........................................................35Figure 13. Unit 1 excavation......................................................................................38Figure 14. Profiles of North, east and west walls of Unit 1.......................................39Figure 15. Plan and profile viwes of S9.5 W4 ..........................................................43Figure 16. Plan view of S9.5 W4 at 30 cmbs.............................................................44Figure 17. South an west wall profiles of S9.5 W.....................................................45Figure 18. North wall of Ell.......................................................................................48Figure 19. Plan of the north wall of the ell. ..............................................................49Figure 20. Profile of the north and south walls of the robbed north wall of the ell...50Figure 21. Late eighteenth and nineteenth century artifacts from 22 Water St.........58Figure 22. Prehistoric artifacts from the Knoll House Site........................................61Figure 23. Distribution of quartz and rhyolite artifacts at the Knoll House Site.......67Figure 24. Personnel items.........................................................................................75Figure 25. Kettle and hearth items.............................................................................77Figure 26. Cutlery recovered from the Knoll House Site......................................... 79Figure 27. Tools recovered from the Knoll House Site............................................. 80Figure 28. Medieval horse equipment....................................................................... 84Figure 29. Horse equipment recovered from the Knoll House site........................... 85Figure 30. Comparison of spall and blade gunflints from the C-1 site...................... 88Figure 31. Gunflints from the Knoll House Site................................ ....................... 89Figure 32. Examples of recovered faunal remains.....................................................103Figure 33. Hume pipe bowl shapes............................................................................110Figure 34. Serration of pipe stem bores from various Plymouth Colony Sites.........112Figure 35. Pipe stem distributions between various deposits at theKnoll House site......................................................................................113Figure 36. Tobacco pipes from the Knoll House Site................................................114Figure 37 Redware recovered from the Knoll House site..........................................120Figure 38. Tin-glazed ceramics recovered from the Knoll House Site......................122Figure 39. Slipware recovered from the Knoll House Site........................................123Figure 40. North Devon gravel-tempered possible chamberpot from theKnoll House Site.......................................................................................125
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