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THE CURRENT PROBLEMS IN PHILIPPINE EDUCATION

THE CURRENT PROBLEMS IN PHILIPPINE EDUCATION

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Published by Doods Galdo

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Published by: Doods Galdo on Feb 22, 2012
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THE CURRENT PROBLEMS IN PHILIPPINE EDUCATION
 Anecito Zito Gorduiz Galdo, MA An almost barren tree, with rotten fruits.
That is how the Philippineeducational system is often described. On the roots of the tree are the manyfactors and forces that shape the Philippine Educational system including butnot limited to colonization history, corrupt political system, and poverty. Onthe branches are the problems besetting our educational system: lack of teachers, lack of resources, lack of standards, etc. Indeed, the Philippineseducational system is besieged with so many problems; however, there ishope in reforming the system. And there is a clamor for reforms within theeducation bureaucracy, its culture and its leadership; there is also the call toreform the curriculum and set standards; and there is the call to improveteacher education and training. There have been many reforms, there havebeen many programs but they seem to be inadequate in curing the ails of Philippine educational system (Balmores, n.d.).In this paper, the major problems that are considered besetting thePhilippine education are discussed. These are presented in the matrix below:
Common Problem Actions Taken by Government
D
eclining Quality of EducationCHE
D
, TES
D
A,
D
epEd createdQuality and Proficiency of TeachersTeachers granted scholarships for advancedstudiesLack of School Facilities Procurement of some important facilities inlaboratoriesRising Cost of Education Granting free education to elementary andsecondary levelsThe quality of education is declining (E
D
COM, 1992). It is for thisreason that CHE
D
, TES
D
A, and
D
epEd were created and mandated to focuson the different levels of education. Many felt that the curriculum set by the
D
epartment of Education (
D
epEd) and the Commission on Higher Education(CHE
D
) is not enough for a more competitive in the modern world. Somesaid that some subjects are lacking in substance like Mathematics andScience, both are the bulk of most of the educational institution in differentcountries. Here in the Philippines, many said that these subjects should betaught comprehensively and intensively because it will be the backbone of the country¶s development in the near future. This is why Thailand, Malaysiaand China outpaced the Philippines in terms of economical and industrialgrowth because these countries invested in the fields of Mathematics andSciences. In fact, the best institution in the South-East Asian region is theNational University of Singapore (NUS) and their course offerings are in thesefields that the Philippines should need to develop.
 
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Another problem pestering the quality of Philippine education is thequality and proficiency of the teachers. According to a recent article (Gerochi,2002), Filipino teachers lack proficiency in English, Science and Mathematics.Many said that these areas should have been trained comprehensively sinceas teachers, they should be able to teach the students with a more qualityfor future growth. But with what I see, the teachers have problems of theirown. One example, and the most obvious, is the low salary and terribleworking condition. Many public school teachers opt to have ³sidelines´ duringclass that sometimes the teacher simply forgets to teach. But who can blamethem if their salaries of around 8000-10,000 pesos, plus deductible, who cana teacher provide for his/her family? And with the rising cost of living, thesefigures are not enough. Others cannot teach well in class because of the ratioof students to a teacher. In a typical public school, in every one teacherthere are 50-60 students in a class!The school facilities can also be a factor of the problem. ThePhilippines, both in private and public, lacks sophisticated laboratories andfacilities to cater the needs of the students. For example, many publicschools are still lacking the basic computer laboratories and it is so ironic thatcomputer nowadays, computer education is crucial for future ComputerStudies student. Without proper training in computer, how can a student becompetitive and computer literate? Jose Rizal reminds us how modern andlatest technologies are important in a student¶s development in his novel
Filibusterismo
. Like in the novel, the laboratory equipment are stored shut ina cabinet and never to be used in class because of the insufficient number of equipment. And when it is shown in class, it is presented like a monstranceof a priest! And prophetic as it seems, Rizal¶s time is happening all over againin our contemporary times.Lastly, a common problem of our Philippine education is the rising costof sending a child to school. Private schools charges skyrocketing tuition andmiscellaneous fees to a student that parents are having a hard time to copewith the rising cost of education. Even sending a child in a public schooldoesn¶t fare better since even the poorest of the poor cannot afford to send achild in school. I remember vividly a story of a public school teacher with apupil of him. He said that this student was so poor that teachers pay foreverything so she can go to school. The teachers don¶t mind this sacrificebecause the student is so bright and intelligent. She never went to collegeafter high school since she cannot really afford it anymore. What saddenedthe teachers is that this student passed UP but with no scholarship. Rightnow, many see education not as necessity but a luxury they cannot afford(Reyes, 2002).The state of Philippine education is indeed sad and disheartening. Weprobably are all asking who¶s to blame for all this mess. But we cannotsimply point finger since we all have responsibilities to solve these problem.The government tries its best to give the country and it seemed not enough.But we should not blame the government entirely since it is just not the

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