The name is derived from the two boneswhich form the joint: the upper temporal bone whichis part of the
(skull), and the lower jawbone called the
It is an example of
and itsmovements are combination of gliding movementsand a loose hinge movements.
It allows a wide range of motion to themandible
COMPONENTS OF TMJ
- the articulating bony parts
Mandibular Fossa of the Temporal Bone/ Glenoid Fossa
An oval depression in the temporal bone just anterior to the auditorycanal.
Condyloid Process/ CondylarProcess/ Mandibular Condyle
A knob-like bone (wider latero-medially than antero-posteriorly), itis convex on all bearing surfacesalthough somewhat flattened
Articulating Tubercle/ Articular eminence
Bony elevation located anterior and posterior to the glenoid fossa ormandibular fossa.
- tough tissues that connects various structures such as twobones.
-A synovial capsule which completely surround the condyle.-Divided into 4 portions:a.Anterior Portionb.Posterior Portionc.Internal Portiond.External Portion/ Temporomandibular Ligament