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Sustainable Assessment in Dolostone Mining Management

Sustainable Assessment in Dolostone Mining Management

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Published by Mäeinstituut
Sustainable Assessment in Dolostone Mining
Sustainable Assessment in Dolostone Mining

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Published by: Mäeinstituut on Feb 23, 2012
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Sustainable Assessment in Dolostone MiningManagement
Julija Šommet, Jüri – Rivaldo PastarusTallinn University of Technology julija@vaopaas.ee, pastarus@cc.ttu.ee
The paper deals with problems of sustainable miningassessment in conditions of Estonian mining’s, dolostonemining’s. The mining processes impacts on the environment,economy and people, although there may be positiveendowments to the economy and social progress through miningand there may also be negative impacts to the environment andother scope activities. The aim of this study is to elaboratesustainability assessment methodology, which will be suitable formining´s in Estonia (dolostone). An exergia analyze is applied tomeasure the mining influence on the scope activities. It allows todefine hazardous influence on environment, society andeconomic dimensions. It is conveniently and quickly analyze,which helps to find optimum decisions for existing problems indifferent mining stages. For aspects comparison were usedrecourses evaluations for 1 worker by 5 point scale including thezero point value. As the fact this analyze is easy comparative andhas an analogy with the workplace safety risks estimation.
 Mostly the energy sector is working with EMAS Easyprogram (a step – by – step system ecological andenvironmental approach) in European Union.Why it should be applied in Estonia in mining sectors?Working together optimizes resources and amplifies theresults. It is also the great experience and informationexchange between countries, companies and collaborationamong the organizations, projects and new developments inbusiness [1].To organize an optimal analyze it is proposed to use anexergia table analyze with a values matrix which is partlybased on EMAS Easy system where a final productconsidered as a process.The expected result of the study is to explore a newanalyzing methodology firstly for sustainable assessment indolostone mining management. A specific monitoring tooland indicators will be developed in order to access eachbranch of mining (Economical, Environmental and TechnicalFeasibility and Social–cultural indicators – for more see Fig.1.) [3].It should provide a qualified image for end user and forcompany owners as well. If it system works well then it willbe worked for limestone mining´s also or oil shale.To achieve this goal it is necessary to solve the followingresearch tasks:-
To investigate theoretical material, to promote theprinciples of related products and services; as well ascompany strategy development-
To examine economic and marketing activities andanalyze them-
Identification of the main problems of companyactivity and possible solutions supplying-
Company activity long – term plan development.
 Environmental Parameters
The long – term viability of the natural environment shouldbe maintained to support long – term development bysupplying resources and taking up emissions. This shouldresult in protection and efficient utilization of environmentalresources. Environmental sustainability refers to the ability of the functions of the environment to sustain the human waysof life [4].The environmental impacts associated with miningproductions, as the mining methods used to extract aggregatesby open and underground methods result in differentenvironmental impacts. The objective is to include allactivities that usually take place around a mining site. In thisstudy, the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) tool is used toanalyze and assess the environmental impact of oil shalemining. The inputs and outputs identified for all thetechnological chains of mines and open casts underinvestigation. This part contributes in preventing undesiredcollapses and hazards related to them, emission to atmosphereand aquifer [3].The results of investigation are presented in Table I. Wherean overview of indicators used in the exergia analyze isdescribed and shown step – by – step. Aspects were measuredby risk level from zero to five (0 – very minimal or no impactand 5 – no outcome activity or no activity in this aspect, forexample no pumping at all).
Fig. 1. Sustainability Assessment Methods.
Socio – Cultural Aspects
This part provides diminishes the risk of accidents andcasualties in mining, low emissions technologies. Socio-efficiency describes the relation between a
firm’s value addedand its social impact [3]. This section implies an exhaustiveRisk Analysis of the work safety and also safety manuals. Formore information see an analyze Table I below. Socio-cultural aspects should be measured by risk level from zero tofive (0 – very minimal or no impact and 5 – no outcomeactivity).
 Economical IndicatorsRiskLevelKareda FilialBranch, %Summarized Trading Income 2 19,7Operating Expenses* Goods, Commodities, Aggregate, Service 2 20,9* Office Miscellaneous OperatingExpenses 1 17,9* Labor costs 1 9,7Labor persons 0 15,4Depreciation 4 29,2Economical Activity Profit/Loss 3 23,2The presence risk of competitors within 50 km 4Total risk is less than the average 2Environmental indicatorsPetroleum content in the water 0Suspended soils in water 0Dust contamination in the air 0Noise level 0Vibration level 0Water pump 0The energy cost 1Average petroleum use 5The volume of unused material/risk of exhaustion 0Soil contamination 1Max annual rate, thousands m
3Mining allotment area, ha 2Mining clime area, ha 2Residues /wastes 1Chemicals in use 2Mining closure project 5Validity of extraction permission 0Existence of new extraction permission 5Total risk is less than the average 2Technical indicatorsAverage Technical Durability 5Endure seasonal effects 5Flexibility/adaptability of techniques 3Frequently maintenance 4Reliability/security 1Total risk is more than the average,supporting measures should be taken* 4Social–cultural indicatorsAwareness/participation in tenders 0Competence/information requirements 0Web activity 0Quality requirements 0Work Safety Manuals 0Labor accidents 1Work Safety Risk Assessment 0Reclamations 0Total risk is minimal 0* too many techniques for such amount of labor/ unused material* techniques needs to be upgraded or replaced bynew one to avoid maintenance
 Economic Parameters
Economic sustainability implies paying for itself, withcosts not exceeding benefits of the company. However, inpractice most analyses include only the financial costs andbenefits.Economic parameters are clearly identified information bycompany income statement [3].For more information see a Table 1 below, which showssummarized trading income for all company or for certaindeposit, different operating expenses and activity profit orloss. All data should be real and it is easy to follow by bookrecords program. Total values are shown in euro. Deposit –filial branch economical parameters depends on totalcompany economical aspects. If labor persons percentage infilial is 15 %, it means that another parameters in theoverview table should not be less than 15, in other case therisk is critical for the filial and production should besuspended (see Table I).II.
Sustainability assessment is a comprehensive, integratedand far-sighted approach to decision making. Its basicdemand is that all significant undertakings must make apositive contribution to sustainability [3].A sustainability assessment will not limit itself to a processbut will rather be an integrated assessment over a whole chainof processes that provide a certain service. This wide viewmakes it possible to compare a large variety of integralsolutions, for instance, comparison of exergia large – scaleand small – scale.The definition of sustainability indicators is an importantstep, as the selection of sustainable solutions is based on theseindicators. A sustainable solution means limited use andlimited degradation of resources through harmful emissions,at the same time avoiding the export of the problem in time orspace. It is possible to distinguish three types of resources:economic, environmental and socio-cultural. The multi-dimensional character of sustainability is fundamental [4].In this paper all data is real and was taken from the bookrecords program and environmental annual report of VäoPaas OÜ mining company Kareda dolostone deposit overOctober, 2011.III.
An exergia analyze is applied to measure the mininginfluence on the scope activities. It allows to define hazardousinfluence on environment, society and economic dimensions.It is conveniently and quickly analyze, which helps to findoptimum decisions for existing problems in different miningstages.For aspects comparison were used recourses evaluationsfor 1 worker by 5 point scale including the zero point value.As the fact this analyze is easy comparative and has ananalogy with the workplace safety risks estimation or LiveCycle Assessment or EMAS Easy system.IV.
 The urgency of the research consists in managementefficiency in the current market conditions. It is necessaryrequirement of the activity improvement, creation,

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