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FCC DA 11-13: Order and Authorization, Jan. 26, 2011

FCC DA 11-13: Order and Authorization, Jan. 26, 2011

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Federal C
(
mmunicati
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ns C
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mmissi
(
nDA 11-133Bef 
(
retheFederal C
(
mmunicati
(
ns C
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mmissi
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nWashingt
(
n, D.C. 20554
In the Matter 
)
LightSquared Subsidiary LLCRequest f 
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r M
)
dificati
)
n
)
f its Auth
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rity f 
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r anAncillary Terrestrial C
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nent
))))))
SAT-MOD-20101118-00239Call Sign: S2358
ORDER AND AUTHORIZATIONAd
(
pted: January 26, 2011Released: January 26, 2011
By the Chief, Internati
)
nal Bureau:
I.INTRODUCTION
1.In this Order and Auth
)
rizati
)
n (Order), we grant LightSquared Subsidiary LLC(LightSquared), a M
)
 bile Satellite Service (MSS)
1
licensee in the L-Band,
2
a c
)
nditi
)
nal waiver 
)
f theAncillary Terrestrial C
)
mp
)
nent (ATC) “integrated service” rule. On N
)
vember 18, 2010, LightSquaredsubmitted an applicati
)
n f 
)
r m
)
dificati
)
n
)
f its existing ATC auth
)
rizati
)
n, asserting that the services it plans t
)
 
)
ffer w
)
uld meet the C
)
mmissi
)
n’s integrated service requirements f 
)
r MSS/ATC f 
)
r L-BandMSS systems.
3
In c
)
nsidering LightSquared’s request, and in granting this waiver, we c
)
nsidered severalfact
)
rs, including LightSquared’s pr 
)
visi
)
n
)
f substantial satellite service in the L-Band, its
)
ng
)
ingeff 
)
rts t
)
c
))
rdinate with
)
ther L-Band
)
 perat
)
rs and make substantial investments t
)
rati
)
nalize
)
 perati
)
ns in the L-Band t
)
enable use
)
f this spectrum f 
)
r b
)
th MSS and ATC br 
)
adband services,thesteps it has taken t
)
pr 
)
m
)
te an MSS/ATC marketplace that includes dual-m
)
de satellite/terrestrialdevices, and its depl
)
yment
)
f a 4G satellite/terrestrial netw
)
rk in the L-Band pursuant t
)
unique andsubstantial terrestrial build
)
ut requirements. We attach c
)
nditi
)
ns t
)
the waiver, drawn fr 
)
mc
)
mmitments made by LightSquared in its request, t
)
ensure that LightSquared’s pr 
)
 p
)
sed service
)
ffering –b
)
th its impr 
)
ved satellite service and its ancillary terrestrial c
)
mp
)
nent –will achieve the purp
)
ses
)
f the integrated service rule. We als
)
attach c
)
nditi
)
ns t
)
address c
)
ncerns that c
)
mmenters
1
The C
)
mmissi
)
n’s rules define MSS t
)
be: “A radi
)
c
)
mmunicati
)
n service: (1) Between m
)
 bile earth stati
)
nsand
)
ne
)
r m
)
re space stati
)
ns,
)
r between space stati
)
ns used by this service;
)
r (2) Between m
)
 bile earth stati
)
ns by means
)
)
ne
)
r m
)
re space stati
)
ns.” 47 C.F.R. § 2.1(c).
2
“L-Band” br 
)
adly refers t
)
the frequency range fr 
)
m
)
ne t
)
tw
)
gigahertz, a p
)
rti
)
n
)
f which is all
)
cated f 
)
r MSS
)
 perati
)
ns. Specifically, 1525-1559 MHz is d
)
mestically and internati
)
nally all
)
cated f 
)
r transmissi
)
n fr 
)
msatellites t
)
m
)
 bile earth stati
)
ns and 1610-1660.5 MHz f 
)
r transmissi
)
n fr 
)
m m
)
 bile earth stati
)
ns t
)
satellites.
See
47 C.F.R. § 2.106. LightSquared is licensed f 
)
r MSS
)
 perati
)
n in p
)
rti
)
ns
)
f the 1525-1544 MHz and 1545-1559MHz d
)
wnlink bands and the 1626.5-1645.5 MHz and 1646.5-1660.5 MHz uplink bands. These frequency bands,which are den
)
ted in the C
)
mmissi
)
n’s rules as the “1.5/1.6 GHz L-Band,” als
)
may be auth
)
rized f 
)
r d
)
mesticATC
)
 perati
)
n.
See
F
))
tn
)
te US380 t
)
the United States Table
)
f Frequency All
)
cati
)
ns, 47 C.F.R. § 2.106.
3
LightSquared Subsidiary LLC Request f 
)
r M
)
dificati
)
n
)
f its Auth
)
rity f 
)
r an Ancillary Terrestrial C
)
mp
)
nent,SAT-MOD-20101118-00239 (filed N
)
v. 18, 2010) (“LightSquared ATC M
)
dificati
)
n Request”).
 
Federal C
(
mmunicati
(
ns C
(
mmissi
(
nDA 11-133
2
and the Nati
)
nal Telec
)
mmunicati
)
ns and Inf 
)
rmati
)
n Administrati
)
n (NTIA) have raised ab
)
ut p
)
tential interference with Gl
)
 bal P
)
siti
)
ning System (GPS) receivers.
II.BACKGROUNDA.LightSquared and the L-Band
2.LightSquared is an MSS licensee auth
)
rized t
)
pr 
)
vide service in p
)
rti
)
ns
)
f the L-Band.
4
In particular, LightSquared
)
 perates using tw
)
ge
)
stati
)
nary satellites that c
)
ver N
)
rth America: MSAT-2, aU.S.-licensed satellite launched in 1995, and MSAT-1, a Canadian-licensed satellite launched in 1996.
5
Itals
)
is auth
)
rized t
)
 
)
 perate a “next-generati
)
n” replacement satellite f 
)
r MSAT-2—SkyTerra-1
6
 — which was launched
)
n N
)
vember 14, 2010.
7
3.LightSquared has p
)
vided MSS since 1996.
8
Using MSAT-1 and MSAT-2, LightSquared pr 
)
vides v
)
ice and l
)
w-speed data services t
)
cust
)
mers f 
)
r vari
)
us applicati
)
ns, including: (1) land- based applicati
)
ns (
e.g.
, v
)
ice, asset tracking); (2) maritime applicati
)
ns; and (3) g
)
vernment applicati
)
ns(
e.g.
, disaster relief). These services are available in N
)
rth and Central America, the Caribbean, Hawaiiand c
)
astal waters.
9
LightSquared’s system currently serves federal, state and l
)
cal agencies inv
)
lved in public safety and emergency resp
)
nse
)
 perati
)
ns, including
)
rganizati
)
ns such as the Federal EmergencyManagement Agency, the C
)
ast Guard, and l
)
cal fire and p
)
lice departments.
10
LightSquared als
)
 
4
See generally
SkyTerra C
)
mmunicati
)
ns, Inc., Transfer 
)
r and Harbinger Capital Partners Funds, TransfereeApplicati
)
ns f 
)
r C
)
nsent t
)
Transfer C
)
ntr 
)
l
)
f SkyTerra Subsidiary, LLC, IB D
)
cket N
)
. 08-184,
Mem
,
randumOpini
,
n and Order and Declarat 
,
ry Ruling 
, 25 FCC Rcd 3059 (IB, OET, WTB, rel. March 25, 2010)(“
SkyTerra/Harbinger Order 
”). The
SkyTerra/Harbinger Order 
 pr 
)
vides backgr 
)
und and hist
)
ry
)
n the c
)
rp
)
ratestructure and transacti
)
ns that led t
)
Harbinger Capital Partners Funds
)
 btaining c
)
ntr 
)
l
)
f MSS licensee SkyTerraSubsidiary, LLC (n
)
w kn
)
wn as LightSquared).
 Id.
at 3060-3064, ¶¶ 2-8;
 see als
,
LightSquared ATC M
)
dificati
)
nRequest, Narrative at 1 n.1;http://www.lightsquared.c
)
m/press-r 
))
m/press-releases/intr 
)
ducing-lightsquared-rev
)
luti
)
nizing-the-u-s-wireless-industry-2/(last visited Jan. 7, 2011).
5
See SkyTerra/Harbinger Order 
, 25 FCC Rcd at 3061, ¶ 3. MSAT-1
)
 perates at 106.5º W.L., while MSAT-2
)
 perated until recently at 101.3º W.L. SkyTerra Subsidiary LLC,
Order and Auth
,
rizati
,
n
, 25 FCC Rcd 2022, at2023, ¶ 3 (Sat. Div., Int’l. Bur., March 1, 2010) (“
Sec
,
nd Generati
,
n Additi
,
nal Frequencies Order 
”); IBFS File N
)
. SAT-MOD-20100412-00575 (granting request t
) )
 perate MSAT-2 at 103.3 WL). LightSquared als
)
h
)
ldsfixed and m
)
 bile earth stati
)
n licenses, secti
)
n 214 auth
)
rizati
)
ns, experimental licenses and a m
)
 bile itinerantlicense ass
)
ciated with these satellites and a planned MSS-ATC netw
)
rk.
SkyTerra/Harbinger Order 
, 25 FCC Rcdat 3061, ¶ 3
.
6
M
)
 bile Satellite Ventures Subsidiary LLC,
Order and Auth
,
rizati
,
n
, 20 FCC Rcd 9572 (Int’l. Bur. 2005).
7
Press Release, “LightSquared Ann
)
unces the Successful Launch
)
f Next-Generati
)
n Satellite” (N
)
v. 15, 2010), athttp://www.lightsquared.c
)
m/press-r 
))
m/press-releases/lightsquared-ann
)
unces-the-successful-launch-
)
f-next-generati
)
n-satellite/(last visited Jan. 7, 2011). On December 14, 2010, LightSquared n
)
tified the C
)
mmissi
)
n thatthe L-Band reflect
)
)
n SkyTerra-1 had successfully depl
)
yed. Letter fr 
)
m Jeff Carlisle, Executive Vice President,Regulat
)
ry Affairs & Public P
)
licy, LightSquared, t
)
Marlene H. D
)
rtch, Secretary, Federal C
)
mmunicati
)
nsC
)
mmissi
)
n, SAT-MOD-20101118-00239 (filed Dec. 15, 2010) (Carlisle Dec. 15, 2010 Letter).
8
Thr 
)
ugh
)
ut this Order, we generally refer t
)
LightSquared and its predecess
)
rs in interest all as “LightSquared,”unless
)
therwise indicated. LightSquared predecess
)
rs in interest include SkyTerra C
)
mmunicati
)
ns, Inc.(SkyTerra), M
)
 bile Satellite Ventures (MSV), M
)
tient Services Inc. and American M
)
 bile Satellite C
)
mpany(AMSC). The initial L-Band license currently held by LightSquared was issued in 1989.
Order and Auth
,
rizati
,
n
,4 FCC Rcd 6041 (1989),
remanded by Aer 
,
nautical Radi
,
 , Inc. v. FCC 
, 928 F.2d 428 (D.C. Cir. 1991);
 Final  Decisi
,
n
,
n Remand 
, 7 FCC Rcd 266 (1992);
aff’d, Aer 
,
nautical Radi
,
 , Inc. v. FCC 
, 983 F.2d 275 (D.C. Cir.1993);
 see als
,
 
AMSC Subsidiary C
)
rp
)
rati
)
n,
Mem
,
randum Opini
,
n and Order 
, 8 FCC Rcd 4040 (1993).
9
See
http://www.skyterra.c
)
m/netw
)
rk/c
)
verage-area.cfm(last visited Jan. 7, 2011).
10
SkyTerra Subsidiary LLC, Applicati
)
n f 
)
r M
)
dificati
)
n and Waiver, File N
)
. SAT-MOD-20090813-00089, at 2.
 
Federal C
(
mmunicati
(
ns C
(
mmissi
(
nDA 11-133
3
 pr 
)
vides fleet management and
)
ther services t
)
the transp
)
rtati
)
n and natural res
)
urcesindustries.
11
ItsMSS cust
)
mer base c
)
ntinues t
)
expand.
12
 4.In N
)
vember 2004, the Internati
)
nal Bureau first granted LightSquared the auth
)
rity t
)
 
)
 perate ATC facilities pr 
)
viding v
)
ice and data c
)
mmunicati
)
n f 
)
r users equipped with dual-m
)
deMSS/ATC devices.
13
In March 2010, the Bureau m
)
dified LightSquared’s ATC auth
)
rity t
)
aff 
)
rdadditi
)
nal flexibility f 
)
r the technical design
)
f LightSquared’s ATC netw
)
rk, thereby enablingLightSquared t
)
 
)
 perate with greater capacity and impr 
)
ved spectrum efficiency.
14
Currently, h
)
wever,LightSquared is n
)
t
)
ffering any terrestrial service using its ATC auth
)
rity, as it is in the pr 
)
cess
)
c
)
nstructing its satellite/terrestrial netw
)
rk (discussed bel
)
w) and has just launched its first next-generati
)
n satellite that will be part
)
f that netw
)
rk.5.LightSquared has taken several steps t
)
c
))
rdinate with
)
ther MSS L-band
)
 perat
)
rs, in aneff 
)
rt t
)
 
)
 ptimize the use
)
f L-Band spectrum in N
)
rth America f 
)
r MSS and ATC use.
15
LightSquaredhas access t
)
appr 
)
ximately 20 megahertz
)
f spectrum acr 
)
ss the entire L-Band, with exact p
)
rti
)
ns(s)determined thr 
)
ugh c
))
rdinati
)
n.
16
Until recently the c
))
rdinati
)
n pr 
)
cess in the L-band was driven bynarr 
)
wband applicati
)
ns and m
)
st
)
f the spectrum was divided int
)
slivers
)
f as littleas a few kil
)
hertz between the five
)
 perat
)
rs.
17
LightSquared has been c
))
rdinating with the
)
ther satellite
)
 perat
)
rsthr 
)
ugh private, c
)
mmercial agreements t
)
rati
)
nalize the
)
 perat
)
rs’ respective spectrum assignments and
)
 perati
)
ns t
)
enable m
)
re efficient use
)
f the band.In December 2007, LightSquared c
)
ncluded ac
))
rdinati
)
n arrangement with Inmarsat that pr 
)
vides a framew
)
rk by which L-Band spectrum use
)
ver  N
)
rth America can be rati
)
nalized, all
)
wing LightSquared and Inmarsat, f 
)
r the first time, t
)
havec
)
ntigu
)
us bl
)
cks
)
f spectrum that in turn will facilitate the pr 
)
visi
)
n
)
f b
)
th MSS and ATC br 
)
adbandservices in this band.
18
These changes require substantial expenditures, including the transiti
)
n fr 
)
m
11
SkyTerra Subsidiary LLC, Applicati
)
n f 
)
r M
)
dificati
)
n and Waiver, File N
)
. SAT-MOD-20090813-00089, at 2.
12
F
)
r example, LightSquared recently ann
)
unced that it entered int
)
an agreement with the Indian Health Service
)
the U.S. Department
)
f Health and Human Services t
)
pr 
)
vide satellite service t
)
American Indian and Alaska Native c
)
mmunities until 2020.
See
LightSquared ATC M
)
dificati
)
n Request, Narrative at 8;http://www.lightsquared.c
)
m/press-r 
))
m/press-releases/lightsquared-and-the-indian-health-service-partner-f 
)
r-rem
)
te-c
)
mmunicati
)
ns-f 
)
r-the-indian-health-system/(last visited Jan. 7, 2011).
13
M
)
 bile Satellite Ventures Subsidiary LLC Applicati
)
n f 
)
r Min
)
r M
)
dificati
)
n
)
fSpace Stati
)
n License f 
)
AMSC-1, File N
)
s. SAT-MOD-20031118-00333, SAT-MOD-20031118-00332, SES-MOD-20031118-01879,
Order and Auth
,
rizati
,
n
, 19 FCC Rcd 22144 (Int’l Bur. 2004) (“
MSV ATC Order 
”).
14
See
SkyTerra Subsidiary LLC Applicati
)
n f 
)
r M
)
dificati
)
n Auth
)
rity f 
)
r an Ancillary Terrestrial C
)
mp
)
nent,File N
)
. SAT-MOD-20090429-00047, Call Sign: AMSC-1, File N
)
. SAT-MOD-20090429-00046, Call Sign:S2358, File N
)
. SES-MOD-20090429-00536, Call Sign: E980179,
Order and Auth
,
rizati
,
n
, 25 FCC Rcd 3043(Int’l Bur., rel. March 26, 2010) (“
2010 SkyTerra ATC M 
,
dificati
,
n Order 
”).
15
L-Band
)
 perati
)
ns are subject t
)
internati
)
nal c
))
rdinati
)
n.
See
Internati
)
nal Telec
)
mmunicati
)
n Uni
)
n Table
)
Frequency All
)
cati
)
ns, N
)
te 5.354.
 
In N
)
rth America, there are five satellite
)
 perat
)
rs in the L-Band,
)
ne eachfr 
)
m the United States, Mexic
)
, Canada, the United Kingd
)
m, and Russia, subject t
)
a Mem
)
randum
)
Understanding f 
)
r inter-system c
))
rdinati
)
n.
 
See
Rep
)
rt N
)
. IN 96-16, June 25, 1996;
2010 SkyTerra ATC 
,
dificati
,
n Order 
, 25 FCC Rcd at 3045, ¶ 5.
16
See
Establishing Rules and P
)
licies f 
)
r the Use
)
f Spectrum f 
)
r M
)
 bile Satellite Services in the Upper and L
)
wer L-band, IB D
)
cket N
)
. 96-132,
 Rep
,
rt and Order 
, 17 FCC Rcd 2704, 2705, 2712, at ¶¶ 1, 19 (2002).
17
See
C
)
mments
)
f SkyTerra Subsidiary LLC in GN D
)
ckets 09-47, 09-51, 09-137, at 6 (filed Oct. 23, 2009).
18
In additi
)
n, an agreement with Russia and Canada exists. Finally, LightSquared c
)
ntinues t
)
try t
)
devel
)
 p anarrangement with Mexic
)
t
)
c
)
mplete the c
))
rdinati
)
n pr 
)
cess.
SeeSec
,
nd Generati
,
n Additi
,
nal FrequenciesOrder 
, 25 FCC Rcd at 2022, ¶ 12.

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