b) First order fringe
The upper wave (S
)travels further than thelower one (S
).If it travels exactly
further, then constructiveinterference (and,therefore, a
) will occur at pointQ.
c) Dark fringe
If the upper wave travelsexactly half a wavelengthfurther than the lower,then the two waves are180
out of phase.Therefore, a
will appear at point R.
Conditions for diffraction patterns
1.Light must be
, i.e., involve justa single frequency and single wavelength.2.Light sources must be
the relativephase is always the same.3.Light sources must have the same