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Young's Double Slit Experiment [Handout]

Young's Double Slit Experiment [Handout]

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Published by: phydotsi on Feb 23, 2012
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02/23/2012

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1
Youngs Double SlitExperiment
Thomas Young(1773 –1829)
Is light…
a stream of tiny particles?a wave?
Young’s Double-Slit Experiment (1807)
Particles?Waves?
nb:
Constructive and Destructive Interference
The effects of two particles cannotadd up to zero......but two waves that are out of phase
can
(destructive interference).
Interference Patterns
a)Central fringe
Constructive interferenceoccurs at the centrepoint.The two waves travel thesame distance, thereforethey arrive in phase.A
bright fringe
isobserved at point P.
 
2
Interference Patterns
b) First order fringe
The upper wave (S
1
)travels further than thelower one (S
2
).If it travels exactly
λ
further, then constructiveinterference (and,therefore, a
bright  fringe
) will occur at pointQ.
Interference Patterns
c) Dark fringe
If the upper wave travelsexactly half a wavelengthfurther than the lower,then the two waves are180
°
out of phase.Therefore, a
dark fringe
will appear at point R.
Conditions for diffraction patterns
1.Light must be
monochromatic
, i.e., involve justa single frequency and single wavelength.2.Light sources must be
coherent;
the relativephase is always the same.3.Light sources must have the same
amplitudes
.

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