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Expansion

# Expansion

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ugur asit prepared this paper
Expansion experiment
ugur asit prepared this paper
Expansion experiment

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11/21/2012

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Temperatureand Heat
-------------------------------
Joseph F. Alward, PhDDepartment of PhysicsUniversity of the PacificLord Kelvin

Fahrenheit and Celsius

F = (9 / 5) C + 32
----------------------------------------------------------------- Example 1:What is 100 C in Fahrenheit ?

(9 / 5)100 + 32 = 180 + 32 = 212 F

-----------------------------------------------------------------Example 2:At what temperature do theFahrenheit and Celsius scales read the same?

x = (9 / 5) x + 32(- 4 / 5) x = 32x = - 40- 40 C is the same temperature as - 40 F
Celsius and Kelvin

K = C + 273
Example 1:
What is 100 C in Kelvin?100 + 273.15 = 373.15 K--------------------------------------------------------
Example 2:
What is 0 K in Centigrade?

C = K - 273.15

= 0 - 273.15= -273.15

William Thomson(Lord Kelvin)1824-1907

Absolute Zero

No motion or pressure at -273.15 C

Absolute zero : O K
Example Problem

What is the pressure when thetemperature is -100 C?

(1 Pascal = 1 N/m
2
)
The equation of a straight line:y = mx + bP = mT + P
0
4000 = m(0) + P
0
(drop units)P
0
= 4000 Pa-----------------------------------------0 = m(-273.15) + 4000

m = 4000/273.15= 1.46 Pa/C-----------------------------------------P = 1.46 T + 4000P = 1.46(-100) + 4000= 3854 Pa
Thermal Expansion

Bridge expansion joint.In August the teeth willmesh together.Concrete patio buckles. Noexpansion gap was included.This track was laid inFebruary; the picturewas taken in August.
Linear Expansion