Green Building Glossary
A B C D E F G H I JKL M N O PQR S T U V WX Y Z
A water chilling process in which cooling is accomplished by the evaporation of afluid (usually water), which is then absorbed by a different solution (usually lithium bromide), then evaporatedunder heat and pressure. The fluid is then condensed with the heat of condensation rejected through a coolingtower. [Definition: Washington State University Cooperative Extension Energy Program]
Design strategy that allows for multiple future uses in a space as needs evolve and change.Adaptable design is considered a sustainable building strategy as it reduces the need to resort to majorrenovations or tearing down a structure to meet future needs.
Renovation of a building or site to include elements that allow a particular use or uses tooccupy a space that originally was intended for a different use.
Materials left over from agricultural processes (e.g., wheat stalks, shell hulls, etc.).Some of these materials are finding new applications as building materials and finishes. Examples includestructural sheathing and particleboard alternatives made from wheat, rye and other grain stalks, and panels madefrom sunflower seed hulls.
Air Changes Per Hour (ACH):
The movement of a volume of air in a given period of time; if a househas one air change per hour, it means that the air in the house will be replaced in a one-hour period.
Air Change Effectiveness:
A measurement of the performance of a ventilation system, by measuringthe age of air in a volume. Often accomplished by using a tracer gas decay technique.
Indoor-air quality-control strategy to remove various airborne particulates and/or gases fromthe air. Most common methods are particulate filtration, electrostatic precipitation, and gas sorption.
Air Exchange Rate:
The rate at which outside air replaces indoor air in a given space.
Total suspended particulate matter found in the atmosphere as solid particles orliquid droplets. Chemical composition of particulates varies widely, depending on location and time of year.Sources of airborne particulates include dust, emissions from industrial processes, combustion products from theburning of wood and coal, combustion products associated with motor vehicle or non-road engine exhausts, andreactions to gases in the atmosphere.
Air Handling Unit:
Equipment that includes a fan or blower, heating and/or cooling coils, regulator controls,condensate drain pans, and air filters.
Any space used to convey air in a building, furnace, or structure. The space above a