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A-3. Optimization Problems! - 1page

# A-3. Optimization Problems! - 1page

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02/24/2012

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I.
If an open box has a square base and needs to hold a volume of 150 cm
3,
what are the dimensions of the box that can beconstructed from the minimum amount of materials? What is that minimum surface area?If an open box with a square base is to be made from 125 cm
2
of cardboard, what are the dimensions of the box with thelargest volume that can be made from these materials? What is that volume?An open box with a square base is to have a capacity of 125 cm
3
. If the base costs 0.04 JD per square centimeter and thesides cost 0.02 JD per square centimeter, what dimensions would minimize the cost?
II.
The postal service places a limit of 84 cm on the combined length and girth (distance around) or a package to be sentthrough the mail. What dimensions of a rectangular box with square cross-section will contain the largest volume thatcan be mailed?The postal service places a limit of 84 cm on the combined length and girth (distance around) or a package to be sentthrough the mail. What dimensions of a cylindrical box that will contain the largest volume that can be mailed?You need to send a package of volume 5000 cm
3
through the mail. What is the minimum length and girth of arectangular box with square cross section that you can use?You need to send a package of volume 5000 cm
3
through the mail. What is the minimum length and girth of a cylindricalbox that you can use?
III.
Every tree in an apple orchard has an average yield of 36 bushels of apples when there are 22 trees per acre. For everyextra tree planted per acre, the yield decreases by 2 bushels per tree because the trees get crowded and have to sharenutrients. How many trees should be planted per acre in order to maximize the number of apples?The owner of a luxury yacht charges \$600 per person per day if exactly 20 people sign up for the cruise. However if morethan 20 people sign up (up to the maximum capacity of 90 people) for the cruise, then each fare is reduced by \$4 foreach additional passenger. How many passengers will result in the maximum revenue for the owner of the yacht? Whatis the fare per passenger and revenue?The proprietor of a vineyard estimates that the first 10,000 bottles of wine produces this season will fetch a profit of \$5/bottle. However the profit from each bottle beyond 10,000 drops by \$0.0002 for each additional bottle sold.Assuming at least 10,000 bottles are sold, how many will be produced/sold for a maximum profit and what is themaximum profit?