Chem 121 Titration of Vinegar M. DunnWe can combine Equations 2 and Equations 4 to establish the relationship between the concentrationsof the two solutions.(M
) (Equation 5)Equation 5 gives us the means to calculated the concentration (M) of the acetic acid solution.
View the Carolina Video on titration.Take notes on proper titration set up and technique.
Obtain approximately 50 mL of vinegar sample in a clean, dry 150-mL beaker. The beaker mustbe dry or you will dilute the vinegar!2.
Carefully pipet 10.00 mL of the vinegar solution into a 250 mL Erlenmeyer flask. Your instructorwill demonstrate proper pipet technique.3.
Add approximately 40 mL of deionized water to your Erlenmeyer flask.4.
Add 2 or 3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator
to the solution. DON’T FORGET THE INDICATOR!More isn’t better. Two or three drops is perfect!
From the pump station obtain sodium hydroxide solution. Prepare your buret for the solutionby rinsing. Your instructor will demonstrate how to use the pump and how to properly preparea buret for titration.6.
After you’ve prepared your buret, fill the buret with approximately 40 mL of sodium hydroxide
(two pumps of the dispenser). Remember to close the stopcock first! You do NOT need to fillthe buret to the very top. Make sure there is no air bubble in the tip.7.
Return your buret to the buret stand. Record your initial buret reading to the nearest 0.01 mL.Use a
to help read the meniscus. A
is simply a dark object heldbehind the meniscus. You should take the reading eye-level to the meniscus.8.
Have your instructor approve your setup before beginning your first titration.9.
Titrate your first sample. The first sample can be done quickly and the end-point overshot. Thisfirst titration is to establish approximately the volume necessary to reach the end-point.10.
Record the final buret reading to the nearest 0.01 mL. Use a Discard the titrated solution andprepare another sample for titration by repeating steps 2-4.11.
Repeat the titration AT LEAST three more times. Each partner MUST perform a titration. Makesure you have enough NaOH in the buret to complete the next titration. Quickly add sodiumhydroxide with 1 or 2 mL of what was required from your first titration. Then slow way down asyou approach the end point. Extra credit will be awarded to the team with the
end point is defined as the palest, yet persistent, pink color.12.
When all titrations are done, drain the solution from the buret into the waste beaker anddiscard. Clean the pipet and buret using standard procedures.