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12 Seater Business Jet Design: A Conceptual Approach

12 Seater Business Jet Design: A Conceptual Approach

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Published by: Prashanth Natarajan Iyer on Feb 25, 2012
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11/08/2012

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Table of Contents
Table of Contents ...................................................................................................................................... 1OBJECTIVES SPECIFIED: .....................................................................................................................1ASSUMPTIONS: ...................................................................................................................................... 1Since we did not have a model to test in a wind tunnel, a number of parameters have been assumedfrom other production business jets. These parameters are .....................................................................1INITIAL WEIGHT ESTIMATIONS: .......................................................................................................2For a twin turbo prop aircraft it is seen that the We / Wo = 0.59 ..........................................................2WING LOADING ESTIMATION: .......................................................................................................... 3ASPECT RATIO ESTIMATION: ............................................................................................................4SHAPE OF THE WING: .......................................................................................................................... 5FUSELAGE DIMENSIONS: ....................................................................................................................7THRUST: ................................................................................................................................................10SIZING OF EMPENNAGE: ...........................................................................................................12WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION OF THE FUSELAGE: ...............................................................................13WING POSITIONING: ..........................................................................................................................14AFT AND FOREMOST POSITIONS OF CG: ......................................................................................15TAKE-OFF PERFORMANCE: ..............................................................................................................16
OBJECTIVES SPECIFIED:
PAYLOAD OF
2 PILOTS, EACH PILOT WEIGHING A MINIMUM OF 100 KG
12 PASSENGERS WITH LUGGAGE; EACH WEIGHING 120KG
2 CREW EACH WEIGHING 80KG
GREAT CIRCLE RANGE OF 2500NM
ASSUMPTIONS:
Since we did not have a model to test in a wind tunnel, a number of parameters have been assumedfrom other production business jets. These parameters are1)Zero lift drag – Cdo2)Horizontal and vertical tail sizing for a 12 seater business jet3)Zero lift from fuselage and engines4)In places where data on Turbo-fan engines are absent, we have assumed the data for Turbo- prop engines.- 1 --
 
Also, we have used the Raymer’s approach to design this aircraft. Thus a number of empirical relationshave been used for estimations of parameters such as1)Fudge factors for tubed steel2)Ratio of empty weight to take off weight3)Empennage weight and wing weight estimations
INITIAL WEIGHT ESTIMATIONS:
For a twin turbo prop aircraft it is seen that the We / Wo = 0.59Wo = takeoff weightWe = empty weight- 2 --
 
Thus the equations areWe / Wo = 0.59 (1)Wo We = Wpayload + Wfuel (2)The fuel fraction for business jets ranges from 0.25 to 0.4Wf/Wo = 0.3 (3)W
 payload
= Crew + Pilots + Passengers = (80*2) + (100*2) + (120*12) = 1800kgWo = Wpayload / (1 – We/Wo – Wf/Wo)= 1800/(1 - 0.59 - 0.3) = 16363 kg (4)
Weight Breakup:
Components Weight Unit Percentage
Passenger Weight 1440 kg 8.8 %Crew Weight 360 kg 2.2 %Fuel Weight 4909.091kg 30 %Empty Weight 9654.545kg 59 %
WING LOADING ESTIMATION:
 Now that the total weight of the aircraft is known, the wing loading, which is conventionally the ratioof all up weight to surface area of wings, can be estimated since wing loading is a strong function of aspect ratio.- 3 --

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