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velocity and acceleration lab.

# velocity and acceleration lab.

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Define displacement, average velocity, elapsed time, and acceleration

Define displacement, average velocity, elapsed time, and acceleration

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04/29/2011

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Physical Science 111Velocity and Acceleration Lab
Name:_________________________________ Class:_______________
Materials (per group of 4):
Push Cart, 2 stopwatches, Masking tape, Meterstick
Pre-Lab Questions:
1.

Define displacement, average velocity, elapsed time, and acceleration.2.

What measurements must be made to determine the velocity of an object that begins at rest?3.

What measurements must be made to determine the accelaration of an object that begins at rest?4.

What is the average velocity of an object that begins at 0 m and travels in a positive direction for 35.2m taking 6.7 seconds?5.

What is the acceleration of the same object if it changed from the velocity in problem 4 to a newvelocity of 8.3 m/s over 12 seconds?
Procedure:
1.

Find a level surface suitable for riding the pushcart.2.

Place a piece of masking tape on the ground at the starting point. Label X
1
.3.

Using a meterstick, measure 4 meters from the first tape. Mark the 4-meter distance with anotherpiece of masking tape, labeling it X
2
.4.

Place a third piece of tape 3 meters past the 4-meter tape, labeling it X
3
. See diagram below.X
1
X
2
X
3
5.

The pushcart will start at the zero meter mark.6.

Have one person stand with stopwatch 1 at the 4-meter mark. Have another member of your groupstand with stopwatch 2 at the 7-meter mark.7.

One person will act as the starter. When the starter says, “GO!” the person on the cart will beginpushing themselves as fast as they can past the 7-meter mark. At the same time, have your classmatesstart both stopwatches.8.

Stopwatch 1 will record the time (t
i
) it takes for the pushcart to reach the 4-meter mark. Stopwatch 2will time the full 7 meters (t
).

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