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Anterior Triangle 9 Baraah _ Asmaa

Anterior Triangle 9 Baraah _ Asmaa

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Published by Baraa'h AlSalamat

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Published by: Baraa'h AlSalamat on Feb 26, 2012
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03/11/2013

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 1 
The borders of the ant. triangle:
1-
 
The base:
The whole inferior border of the mandible, the base of thistriangle located superiorly.
2-
 
The apex:
located where the medial border will mix the lateral border inthe mid line in
the jugular notch (suprasternal notch)
-the upper part of the sternum, the apex located inferiorly.
3-
 
The anterior border:
formed by
Imaginary Midline
crossing the middle. Of the
 
body
(mid-sagittal line).
4-
 
The pos.border
: will be the anterior border of 
SCM
(sternocleidomastoidmuscle in ant. Aspect of the neck).
So
many structures find in this triangle<blood vessels, nerves, muscles andeven structures like thyroid gland and parathyroid gland> so in order to
Anterior triangle of the neck
 
 2 
simplifying its study we divide this triangle into further
four
triangles => sowe use mainly two important muscles in this area:
 
Digastric muscle
(one of the suprahyoid muscle. (ant and pos.bellies) alongwith the
 
sup. Belly of omohyoid muscle
 
, those three bellies of muscles are used to divide the anterior triangle into four subtriangles:
 
Submental
Submandibular (Digastric)
 
Carotid
Muscular.
 
1- Submental triangle:
It is bellow the
mental area (bellow the chean?) ,
smallest one, some anatomistconsidered this triangle as one submental triangle, other texts as twotriangles one to the right and one to the left based on the mid-imaginaryline,
Borders
of this triangle:The
lateral
part is the ant.belly of digastric, the
medial
boundary is mid.sagittalline, the
base
by the body of the hyoid bone.
The contents
:............................
a small group of 
submental veins
that unit to form larger vein in the superfacialfascia these vein is the
ant. jugular vein
then it descends all the way downout of the triangle through the neck to go and drain into external jugularvein at the root of the neck bellow,,, another thing we can find a group of lymph nodes that responsible for draining of the lymph from the chean
(submental lymph nodes).
 
 
 3 
2- Submandibular triangle(digastrictriangle):
digastric because all the digastric muscle contributing in this triangle,submandibular because its bellow the mandible, one in each side, itscontaining a large part of the
submandibular salivary glands.
 
Remember 
; we have three salivary glands, one sublingual located beneath thetongue, and the other two glands are parotid and submandibular (we canfind it in this triangle)
so we classified the
 
submandibular triangle as
 
glandular triangle
.
The Boundaries
: the
lateral
is the inferior border of the mandible, the
medial
isthe anterior belly of digastric,
posteriorly:
post. belly of digastric
, the floor:
is bond by two important muscles
 –
the flat sheet that extends from themandible to the mid-line which is
mylohyoid muscle
which represented thefloor of the mouth, anything above it will be in oral cavity and anythingbellow it will be in the neck- the other muscle behind it, is-
hyoglossusmuscle
.
 
P.S.: hyoglossus muscle
:
it’s
one of the muscles responsible for moving of thetongue, its located at the base of the tongue, -hyo- from hyoid bone andglossus is part of the tongue).
-The contents
:..............................
submandibular gland
 
the
submandibular gland
which is the second in size from the major salivaryglands after the sublingual gland, its sleeping in the pos.border of mylohyoidmuscle, part of this gland is located in the cervical region-superficially- andthe other smaller part of the gland is deep within the oral cavity-abovemylohyoid-
so
 
the superficial part of submandibular gland located in the

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