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Chapter VII Closing Indigenous Psychologies

Chapter VII Closing Indigenous Psychologies

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Published by Raph Rodriguez
Written Report of Sison, Limjoco, Salenga and Tiamzon
Written Report of Sison, Limjoco, Salenga and Tiamzon

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Published by: Raph Rodriguez on Feb 26, 2012
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Chapter VII: Closing Indigenous Psychologies
Paper Presentations of Research and Reaction Papers
Title: The Covert Subculture of Male Homosexual prostitue in Metro manila
Author: Lamberto C Nery
Department of Psychology
University of the Philippines
Abstract:Few studies have been pursued concerning male homosexual prostitution in the philippines andelsewhere. it is thus the aim of the paper to explore the so called "call boy". Subculture withinmetropolitan manila and to render a substantial general description to the effect. It is assumed that itoccur in clandestine and covert operation. The combination of two-research technique, namely, thepikikisama/pakapa kapa method and the depth interview served as the approach to the presentproblem.The technique pakikisama/pakapa-kapa is heavily relied upon in this. It consisted of frequenting thehangout (as much as possible successively), then inviting them to sit down and drink with the inquirer.II.
Title:Enhancing Governance of the Barangay: reflections of Academic 
Authors: Jimmy T. Masagca
Manrico T. Masagca
M. Chunxiang
Abstract:The paper presents the insights of selected academic on local governance of the Barangay, the basicpolitical unit (BPU) in the Philippines. Participants were pre-selected and their representations weredetermined using ethnographic technique with the property of conversation (Pakikipagkwentuhan).This inquiry notes that good governance of BPU can be affected by the lack of capabilities of officials;indecisiveness during assumption of duties as officers in charge, influence of their siblings and familyrelatives; and sensitivity of the issues and concerns being addressed.Certain properties of story telling or conversation ("kwentuhan" or "pakikipagkwentuhan" in the filipinolanguage), an ancient method of conveying ideas and images, was employed in the present study.This ethnographic technique is a naturally occurring phenomenon or process of sharing and tellingstories among individuals to figure out or to make sense about their world and their experiences.According to Javier (2004) kwentuhan (litterally, story telling in the language) is an occassion for exchange of information, ideas, insights and individual experiences.
BS PSYCHOLOGY IV Tiamzon, Alma MinaLimjoco, Maria Patricia FrancescaSison, Princess ArianneSalenga, Lady Diane
Chapter VII: Closing Indigenous Psychologies
Current Trends and Directions
SP research aims to reflect local behaviors and yield results that are locally relevant, it is notsurprising those efforts were not only geared toward developing culturally valid theories butculturally valid tools as well. After all, specifying what to investigate and how to go about withthe investigation go hand-in-hand in the development of a discipline (Clemente, J. A. 2011).Enriquez specified what he thought should be the focus of SP. In fact, strictly speaking, hisoriginal vision was a development of an indigenous psychology that scientifically studiedkamalayan, ulirat, isip, diwa, kalooban, and kaluluwa (Enriquez, 1974, 1994, as cited inClemente, J. A. 2011).In many circles there is genuine and spontaneous awakening of Filipino consciousness thatfinds expression in the focus on indigenous Filipino phenomena and concepts, in thedevelopment of Filipino methods of research and practice in the use of Pilipino in teachingand practice, and in responsiveness to national issues (Licuanan, P. B. 1985).There are however some areas that remain relatively untouched by the move towardsindigenization and these are the applied fields of testing and industrial psychology. It is inthese areas that the researcher-practitioner combination must be harnessed in order tocreate more Filipino psychological tests, to develop motivational and organizational theoriesbased on Philippine experience and to create intervention strategies for organizations thatare not mere adaptations of foreign technology (Licuanan, P. B. 1985).Enriquez broadened the SP’s research goals, to include emphases on identity and nationalconsciousness, social awareness and involvement, psychology of language and culture, andapplications and bases in fields like health practices, agriculture, art, mass media, andreligion (Enriquez, 1992, as cited in Clemente, J. A. 2011).Most of the studies seem to address developmental issues, or biological, cognitive, andsocial transitions and challenges that people in a particular stage of life may be goingthrough (Peña-Alampay, de la Cruz, & Liwag, 2003, as cited in Clemente, J. A. 2011).Notable examples include juvenile delinquency, out-of-school youth, perceptions of old ageand the middle years, and child-rearing and gender socialization in the Philippines (e.g.,Carlota, 1982- 1983; Torres, 1982-1983; Domingo, 1991; Abrenica, 1996; Liwag, de laCruz, & Macapagal, 1998 as cited in Clemente, J. A. 2011).Other social issues investigated can be considered as political in nature. These consist of studies on peace, poverty, and political behaviors (e.g., Briones, 2000; Generalao, 2005;Macapagal, 2006; Sugcang, 2006; Muyargas, Montiel & Viaje, 2006, as cited in Clemente, J.A. 2011).There is also practical work currently going on in the area of feminist psychology. Using thesame principles of Sikolohiyang Pilipino, social and clinical psychologists have helpedbattered women understand their problems in the light of the different socio-culturalconditions affecting women in Philippine society (Pe-Pua, R., & Protacio-Marcelino, E. A.2000).Sikolohiyang Pilipino has also been applied in industry particularly in the marketing of specific products and understanding consumer behavior. Several multi-national companies
BS PSYCHOLOGY IV Tiamzon, Alma MinaLimjoco, Maria Patricia FrancescaSison, Princess ArianneSalenga, Lady Diane
Chapter VII: Closing Indigenous Psychologies
have contracted the PPRTH to train their personnel in this field. Companies have alsobecome more conscious of a management style that is appropriate and suited to Filipinos(Pe-Pua, R., & Protacio-Marcelino, E. A. 2000).Non-government organizations involved in community education particularly in grassrootsleadership formation have developed a training module on
that hasproven to be quite relevant and useful to their work. The PPRTH is currently doing a three-year research project commissioned by the Education for Life Foundation (ELF) to look intothe Filipino concept of a grassroot leader and the elements of Filipino leadership (Pe-Pua,R., & Protacio-Marcelino, E. A. 2000).The trend in SP studies has been to study topics relevant or related to confronting andaddressing national issues or social problems. This is sometimes coupled with localization of foreign constructs or measures or development of local concepts. Thus, SP studies stillseem to resonate with the original vision of making psychology relevant to its people bytaking part in solving local social problems (Clemente, J. A. 2011).There should be continued efforts toward measuring the psychological impact of social,political, and economic forces in Philippine society. It is the responsibility of psychologists toidentify psychological indicators of national development and to develop the appropriateinstruments to measure important psychological changes that may be ignored by policymakers and program managers. Psychologists should show professional concern aboutpossible trends toward national cynicism, opportunism, moral decadence, apathy, and lossof national self-respect (Clemente, J. A. 2011).References:Clemente, J. A. (2011). An Empirical Analysis of Research Trends in the Philippine Journalof Psychology: Implications for 
Sikolohiyang Pilipino. Journal of Psychology,
1-33.Licuanan, P. B. (1985). Psychology in the Philippines: History and Current Trends
. PhlippineStudies,
33 (1), 67-86.Pe-Pua, R., & Protacio-Marcelino, E. A. (2000). Sikolohiyang Pilipino (Filipino psychology): Alegacy of Virgilio G. Enriquez.
 Asian Journal Of Social Psychology 
, 3(1), 49-71.
BS PSYCHOLOGY IV Tiamzon, Alma MinaLimjoco, Maria Patricia FrancescaSison, Princess ArianneSalenga, Lady Diane

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