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Fenomenul de Bruma Si Riscurile Asociate in Subcarpatii Reghinului Szilagyi Jozsef

Fenomenul de Bruma Si Riscurile Asociate in Subcarpatii Reghinului Szilagyi Jozsef

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Published by Szilagyi Jozsef
Abstract. The risks associated to the hoarfrost phenomena in the Reghin Subcarpathians. Hoarfrost, being a hydrometeor which is produced only in the presence of frost, represents a major risk factor to agriculture especially when it appears early in autumn, 2-3 weeks earlier then the average date of appearance and late in spring, in the second decade of April and the first decade of May.
This paper shows an analysis of the parameters which define the hoarfrost phenomenon in order to highlight the vulnerability of the air analysed regarding this phenomenon.
In a first pahse, in order to identify the periods of high vulnerability, we analysed the frequency of the days with minimum temperatures ≤ 0C, and in order to highlight the vulnerability of the air studied regarding the hoarfrost phenomenon we analysed the parameters which define the hoarfrost phenomenon: the medium annual number of days with hoarfrost and their multiannual variation, the frequency of the annual deviations from the multiannual average, the monthly and season variation of the days with hoarfrost, the medium and extreme dates of hoarfrost production and the frequency and degree of assurance of the monthly number of hoarfrost days of different lengths.
The analysis of the parameters which define the hoarfrost phenomenon was realized on the basis of the information recorded at the two metorological stations present in the studied area, the Targu Mures Metorological Station and the Batos Metorological Station and the Eremitu and Gurghiu rainfall stations for the 1978-2008 period.
Abstract. The risks associated to the hoarfrost phenomena in the Reghin Subcarpathians. Hoarfrost, being a hydrometeor which is produced only in the presence of frost, represents a major risk factor to agriculture especially when it appears early in autumn, 2-3 weeks earlier then the average date of appearance and late in spring, in the second decade of April and the first decade of May.
This paper shows an analysis of the parameters which define the hoarfrost phenomenon in order to highlight the vulnerability of the air analysed regarding this phenomenon.
In a first pahse, in order to identify the periods of high vulnerability, we analysed the frequency of the days with minimum temperatures ≤ 0C, and in order to highlight the vulnerability of the air studied regarding the hoarfrost phenomenon we analysed the parameters which define the hoarfrost phenomenon: the medium annual number of days with hoarfrost and their multiannual variation, the frequency of the annual deviations from the multiannual average, the monthly and season variation of the days with hoarfrost, the medium and extreme dates of hoarfrost production and the frequency and degree of assurance of the monthly number of hoarfrost days of different lengths.
The analysis of the parameters which define the hoarfrost phenomenon was realized on the basis of the information recorded at the two metorological stations present in the studied area, the Targu Mures Metorological Station and the Batos Metorological Station and the Eremitu and Gurghiu rainfall stations for the 1978-2008 period.

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Published by: Szilagyi Jozsef on Feb 26, 2012
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05/31/2013

 
XJHCE\@\E@ LE IEJI_@GCE A@_@AU_EŞ WJD. C ?600
GENJAENUD LE O_UAď ŞC _CXHU_CDE @XJHC@\EÎN XUOH@_V@ůCC _EIBCNUDUC
 Lrl. X[CD@ISC Kj{xeg 
0
 @ox|r`h|. \be rcxmx `xxjhc`|el |j |be bj`rgrjx| vbenjaen` cn |be _eibcn Xuoh`rv`|bc`nx.
Bj`rgrjx|$ oecni ` bslrjae|ejr ybchbcx vrjluhel jnds cn |be vrexenhe jg grjx|$ revrexen|x ` a`kjr rcxm g`h|jr |j `irchud|ure exvehc`dds yben c| `vve`rx e`rds cn `u|uan$ ?!8 yeemx e`rdcer |ben |be `wer`ie l`|e jg `vve`r`nhe `nl d`|e cn xvrcni$ cn |be xehjnl leh`le jg @vrcd `nl |be gcrx| leh`le jg A`s.\bcx v`ver xbjyx `n `n`dsxcx jg |be v`r`ae|erx ybchb legcne |be bj`rgrjx| vbenjaenjn cn jrler |j bcibdcib| |bewudner`ocdc|s jg |be `cr `n`dsxel rei`rlcni |bcx vbenjaenjn. Cn ` gcrx| v`bxe$ cn jrler |j clen|cgs |be vercjlx jg bcib wudner`ocdc|s$ ye `n`dsxel |be grepuenhs jg |be l`sx yc|b acncaua|eaver`|urex ≬ 6H$ `nl cn jrler |j bcibdcib| |be wudner`ocdc|s jg |be `cr x|ulcel rei`rlcni |be bj`rgrjx| vbenjaenjn ye `n`dsxel |be v`r`ae|erx ybchb legcne |be bj`rgrjx| vbenjaenjn; |be aelcua `nnu`d nuaoer jg l`sx yc|b bj`rgrjx| `nl |becr aud|c`nnu`d w`rc`|cjn$ |be grepuenhs jg |be `nnu`d lewc`|cjnx grja |be aud|c`nnu`d `wer`ie$ |be ajn|bds `nl xe`xjn w`rc`|cjn jg |be l`sx yc|bbj`rgrjx|$ |be aelcua `nl e|reae l`|ex jg bj`rgrjx| vrjluh|cjn `nl |be grepuenhs `nl leiree jg `xxur`nhe jg |be ajn|bds nuaoer jg bj`rgrjx| l`sx jg lcggeren| deni|bx.\be `n`dsxcx jg |be v`r`ae|erx ybchb legcne |be bj`rgrjx| vbenjaenjn y`x re`dc{el jn |be o`xcx jg |be cngjra`|cjnrehjrlel `| |be |yj ae|jrjdjich`d x|`|cjnx vrexen| cn |be x|ulcel `re`$ |be \`riu Aurex Ae|jrjdjich`d X|`|cjn `nl |be O`|jxAe|jrjdjich`d X|`|cjn `nl |be Ereac|u `nl Iuribcu r`cng`dd x|`|cjnx gjr |be 0392!?662 vercjl.
Mes yjrlx;
grjx|$ grepuenhs jg bj`rgrjx| l`sx$ wudner`ocdc|s$ rcxm.
0. H`r`h|ere iener`de Śc h`u{e iene|che
Vrcn înibeŨ xe înŨedeie cn|erw`dud le |cav$ lcn hurxud unec {cde$ în h`re |eaver`|ur` hjoj`rĈ xuo 6¶H. L`hĈ|eaver`|ur` înreicx|re`{Ĉ w`djrc xuo 6¶H |j`|Ĉ {cu`$ înibeŨud ex|e vera`nen| Śc unec `x|ged le {cde c xe xvune {c le c`rnĈ"\jvjr$ 0352#. N. \jvjr "0352# `r`|Ĉ hĈ `|ï| rĈhcrcde le vrcaĈw`rĈ hï| Śc hede le |j`anĈ xun| h`u{`|e le a`xede le `er vjd`r x`u `rh|ch Śc vj| gc `lweh|cwe "le|eracn`|e le cnw`{ccde le `er vjd`r x`u `rh|ch ` hĈruc |eaver`|urĈ ex|e a`c achĈ le 0¶H#$r`lc`|cwe "le|eracn`|e le vcerlercde le hĈdlurĈ d` ncwedud xjduduc în |cavud njvŨcdjr xencne hu h`da `|ajxgerch# x`u`lweh|cw!r`lc`|cwe "le|eracn`|e le cnw`{ccde le `er vjd`r x`u `rh|ch ` hĈruc |eaver`|urĈ ex|e a`c a`re le 0¶H$ l`r h`reud|ercjr xe rĈhexh în ura` r`lc`Ũcec#.Orua`$ revre{cn|Ĉ j levunere ve xuvr`g`Ũ` xjduduc x`u ` joceh|edjr le ve `hex|` ` unjr hrcx|`de gcne le ibe`ŨĈ"hu lcaenxcunc în|re 0!5!aa#$ în gjraĈ le xjd{c$ `he$ vene x`u ew`n|`ce. Genjaenud xe vrjluhe în njvŨcde xencne$ h`dae$rehc le vrcaĈw`rĈ$ |j`anĈ Śc c`rnĈ$ vrcn xuodca`re` w`vjrcdjr le `vĈ lcn `er$ ve xuvr`geŨe ` hĈrjr |eaver`|urĈ xh`le xuo6»H$ h` ura`re ` rĈhcrcc r`lc`|cwe njh|urne "Hcud`hbe$ ?66<#.
 
Gjra`re` levunercc le oruaĈ a`c ex|e g`wjrc{`|Ĉ Śc lehudj`re` Śc ne|e{cae` xuvr`geŨedjr ve h`re xe levune "ve xuvr`geŨe le hudj`re înhbcxĈ x`u hu `xverc|ĈŨc# vrehua Śc lelcaenxcune` joceh|edjr "hu hï| joceh|ede xun| a`c xuoŨcrc hu `|ï| ex|e a`c reluxĈ vre{enŨ` oruaec ve ede ! hjnluh|jrc$gcre le c`roĈ#.HjnlcŨccde jv|cae le vrjluhere ` oruaec xun|; reica `n|chchdjnch "vrexcune `|ajxgerchĈ rclch`|Ĉ#= |cav xencn Śch`da `|ajxgerch "x`u wïn| xd`o$ xuo ? a*x#= uae{e`dĈ red`|cwĈ rclch`|Ĉ "vex|e 26%#= |eaver`|urc nei`|cwe `de `eruduc$cn|enxc|`|e` a`caĈ ` levunercdjr joxerwïnlu!xe d` |eaver`|urc le ‘ ? Śc ‘ 8 ¶H.Unejrc orua` xe levune Śc în hjnlcŨcc `de uaclc|ĈŨcc red`|cw xhĈ{u|Ĉ "xuo 56%#$ `|unhc hïnl |eaver`|ur` `eruducex|e 6»H c`r |eaver`|ur` xjduduc hjoj`rĈ vïnĈ d` !06»H. În hjnlcŨccde unec rĈhcrc vu|ernche Śc r`vcle$ orua` xe vj`|elevune Śc ve unede vĈrŨc wer|ch`de `de joceh|edjr.Duhr`re` le g`ŨĈ vre{cn|Ĉ j `n`dc{Ĉ v`r`ae|rcdjr he legcnexh genjaenud le oruaĈ hu xhjvud le ` în ewclenŨc`wudner`ocdc|`|e` `re`duduc `n`dc{`| g`ŨĈ le `hex| genjaen.@wïnl în welere g`v|ud hĈ nu d` |j`|e x|`Ũccde `n`dc{`|e x!`u egeh|u`| le|eracnĈrc `xuvr` |eaver`|urcc `eruduc Śc `xjduduc$ `n`dc{` v`r`ae|rcdjr he legcnexh genjaenud le oruaĈ x!` re`dc{`| ve o`{` joxerw`Ũccdjr egeh|u`|e `xuvr` vrjluhercc `hex|uc genjaen d` x|`Ũccde \ïriu AureŚ "χ 1 <7¶8?)$ ν1?<¶8?)$ B 1862a#$ O`|jŚ "χ 1 <7¶5<)$ ν1?<¶83)$ B1<<3a#$ Ereac|u "χ 1 <7¶<6)$ ν1?5¶66‒$B 1506a# Śc Iuribcu "χ 1 <7¶<7)$ ν1?<¶50‒$ B 1<05a#$ ven|ru cn|erw`dud0392!?662.
0
Ljh|jr`nl Uncwerxc|`|e` „ O`oeŚ!Ojds`c— Hduk N`vjh`
 
XJHCE\@\E@ LE IEJI_@GCE A@_@AU_EŞ WJD. C ?600
?. NuaĈrud {cdedjr hu |eaver`|urc acncae ≬ 6H¶
[cdede hu înibeŨ "|eaver`|urc acncae ≬ 6H¶#$ xe vrjluh în cn|erw`dud jh|jaorce!a`c$ he` a`c a`re grehwenŨĈînreicx|rïnlu!xe în duncde le c`rnĈ$ hïnl `lwehŨccde le `er rehe le jrcicne vjd`rĈ x`u `rh|chĈ înreicx|re`{Ĉ j grehwenŨĈ a`ca`re. NuaĈrud aelcu aud|c`nu`d `d {cdedjr hu înibeŨ în `re`dud x|ulc`| ex|e le 008!009 {cde. În hurxud unuc `n hu he`a`c a`re grehwenŨĈ ` {cdedjr hu înibeŨ xe rea`rhĈ dun` c`nu`rce$ hu j aelce aud|c`nu`dĈ le ?9 le {cde hu înibeŨ$ ura`|le duncde leheaorce Śc georu`rce hu aelce le ?8 le {cde.
\`oed 0.
 NuaĈrud {cdedjr hu |eaver`|urc acncae ≬ 6H¶ "{cde le înibeŨ#Xurx`; l`|e vreduhr`|e luvĈ @rbcw` @NAHu |j`|e hĈ în `nj|cavurcde le |r`n{cŨce nuaĈrud {cdedjr hu |eaver`|urc xuo 6¶H xun| a`c reluxe$ `hex|e`hjnx|c|uce un g`h|jr le rcxh `irchud|urcc$ `h|cwc|ĈŨcdjr le hjnx|ruhŨcc Śc |r`nxvjr| Śc nu în ud|caud rïnl xĈnĈ|ĈŨcc ua`ne.
8. NuaĈrud `nu`d `d {cdedjr hu oruaĈ Śc w`rc`Ũc` aud|c`nu`dĈ ` `hex|jr`
 NuaĈrud aelcu aud|c`nu`d `d {cdedjr hu oruaĈ în Xuoh`rv`Ũcc _eibcnuduc w`rc`{Ĉ în|re ??!<9$8 le {cde$ înxĈ`he`x|` vre{cn|Ĉ w`rc`Ũcc xv`Ũcj!|eavjr`de.@n`dc{` w`rc`Ũcec `nu`de ` {cdedjr hu oruaĈ ewclenŨc`{Ĉ j grehwenŨĈ a`c rclch`|Ĉ `d `hex|uc genjaen în Hudj`rudAureŚuduc Śc în e|reac|`|e` njrl!wex|chĈ ` `re`duduc x|ulc`|$ unle xe xe vj| înreicx|r` vïnĈ d` 56 le {cde hu oruaĈ ve `n. NuaĈrud `nu`d `d {cdedjr hu oruaĈ vre{cn|Ĉ w`rc`Ũcc în|re ?9!52 {cde ve `n d` \ïriu AureŚ$ 03!<3 {cde ve `n d` O`|jŚ$în|re ?0!57 {cde ve `n d` Ereac|u Śc în|re 6!<7 {cde ve `n d` Iuribcu.
606?686<656769626
   0   3   9   2   0   3   9   3   0   3   2   6   0   3   2   0   0   3   2   ?   0   3   2   8   0   3   2   <   0   3   2   5   0   3   2   7   0   3   2   9   0   3   2   2   0   3   2   3   0   3   3   6   0   3   3   0   0   3   3   ?   0   3   3   8   0   3   3   <   0   3   3   5   0   3   3   7   0   3   3   9   0   3   3   2   0   3   3   3   ?   6   6   6   ?   6   6   0   ?   6   6   ?   ?   6   6   8   ?   6   6   <   ?   6   6   5   ?   6   6   7   ?   6   6   9   ?   6   6   2   N  r .  {   c   d  e
\i. AureŚ Ereac|u Iuribcu O`|jŚ
Gci. 0.
W`rc`Ũc` `nu`dĈ ` nuaĈruduc le {cde hu oruaĈ$ 0392!?662NuaĈrud a`ca `d {cdedjr hu oruaĈ înreicx|r`|e în|r!un `n `u gjx| le 7? le {cde "0339# d` x|`Ũc` \ïriu AureŚ$97 le {cde "032?# d` Ereac|u$ 5? le {cde "?662# d` Iuribcu Śc 75 le {cde "0339# d` x|`Ũc` O`|jŚ.Lcn `n`dc{` `o`|ercdjr `nu`de `d {cdedjr hu oruaĈ le d` aelc` aud|c`nu`dĈ xe hjnx|`|Ĉ j vjnlere a`c rclch`|Ĉ `d`ncdjr hu `o`|erc vj{c|cwe d` x|`Ũccde Ereac|u "5<$2%# Śc O`|jŚ "70$8%#$ g`v| he hjnge {jnec xuoajn|`ne jwudner`ocdc|`|e a`c a`re g`ŨĈ le `hex| genjaen.@o`|ercde vj{c|cwe `nu`de le d` aelc` aud|c`nu`dĈ vre{cn|Ĉ în iener`d w`djrc huvrcnxe în|re 5!85%$ hede a`ca`rc w`djrc `de `o`|ercdjr vj{c|cwe `u gjx| înreicx|r`|e d` x|`Ũc` Iuribcu în cn|erw`dud ?665!?662$ hïnl x!`u înreicx|r`| 85!5? le {cde hu oruaĈ ve `n$ he revre{cn|Ĉ j `o`|ere le d` aelc` aud|c`nu`dĈ le 53$2!089$<%. NuaĈrud `ncdjr hjnxehu|cwc hu `o`|erc vj{c|cwe `de nuaĈruduc le {cde hu oruaĈ lcn Ścrud le `nc `n`dc{`Ũc `u gjx|în iener`d le ?‘8 `nc$ a`caud gccnl înreicx|r`| în cn|erw`dud 032?!0322 hu un nuaĈr le 9 `nc hjnxehu|cwc d` Ereac|u Ścle 5 `nc hjnxehu|cwc d` O`|jŚ$ înreicx|r`| în cn|erw`dud 0336!033<.
 
XJHCE\@\E@ LE IEJI_@GCE A@_@AU_EŞ WJD. C ?600
!56!<6!86!?6!06606?686<656
   N  r .  {   c   d  e   0   3   9   2   0   3   9   3   0   3   2   6   0   3   2   0   0   3   2   ?   0   3   2   8   0   3   2   <   0   3   2   5   0   3   2   7   0   3   2   9   0   3   2   2   0   3   2   3   0   3   3   6   0   3   3   0   0   3   3   ?   0   3   3   8   0   3   3   <   0   3   3   5   0   3   3   7   0   3   3   9   0   3   3   2   0   3   3   3   ?   6   6   6   ?   6   6   0   ?   6   6   ?   ?   6   6   8   ?   6   6   <   ?   6   6   5   ?   6   6   7   ?   6   6   9   ?   6   6   2
\i. AurEreac|u Iuribcu O`|jŚ
Gci. ?.
W`rc`Ũc` `o`|ercdjr `nu`de ` nuaĈruduc le {cde hu oruaĈ le d` aelc` aud|c`nu`dĈ$ 0392!?662
\`oed ?.
GrehwenŨ` `o`|ercdjr `nu`de le d` aelc` aud|c`nu`dĈ$ 0392!?662Xurx`; l`|e vreduhr`|e luvĈ @rbcw` @NA
<. W`rc`Ũc` dun`rĈ ` {cdedjr hu oruaĈ
Lcn `n`dc{` w`rc`Ũcec dun`re `d {cdedjr hu oruaĈ recexe hĈ hede a`c a`rc grehwenŨe xe înreicx|re`{Ĉ d` xgïrŚc|ud|j`anec Śc d` înhevu|ud vrcaĈwercc$ hïnl rĈhcrcde r`lc`|cwe njh|urne Śc uae{e`d` red`|cwĈ rclch`|Ĉ `d `eruduc hree`{ĈhjnlcŨcc jv|cae ven|ru vrjluhere` `hex|uc genjaen.NuaĈrud dun`r `d {cdedjr hu oruaĈ vre{cn|Ĉ w`rc`Ũcc |eavjr`de Śc xv`Ũc`de. Hede a`c a`rc grehwenŨe xeînreicx|re`{Ĉ în duncde njceaorce$ hïnl xe înreicx|re`{Ĉ în aelce <$3!3$3 {cde "?6$8!?8$8%# Śc în a`r|ce 8$?!3$9 le {cde"0<$6!?6$5%#$ ura`|Ĉ `vjc le dun` jh|jaorce hu un nuaĈr aelcu le <$2!9$5 le {cde.În duncde le c`rnĈ {cdedjr hu oruaĈ vre{cn|Ĉ w`djrc a`c reluxe$ hed a`c a`re nuaĈr le {cde hu oruaĈ gccnlînreicx|r`|Ĉ în dun` leheaorce$ în aelce <!9$3 le {cde$ he revre{cn|Ĉ j grehwenŨĈ le 07$7!02$? % lcn nuaĈrud le h`{urc.Hede a`c vuŨcne {cde hu oruaĈ xe înreicx|re`{Ĉ d` înhevu|ud Śc xgïrŚc|ud vercj`lec vjxcocde le vrjluhere `d`hex|uc genjaen$ `x|ged$ în dun` a`c înreicx|rïlu!xe în aelce 6$0!6$9 {cde$ c`r în xev|eaorce 6$8!6$3 {cde$ he revre{cn|Ĉ jgrehwenŨĈ le 6$5!6$7% rexveh|cw 0$<!0$3% lcn nuaĈrud |j|`d le h`{urc.
6?<7206
   N  r .  {   c   d  e
CR R RC RCC C CC CCC CW W\i. AurEreac|u Iuribcu O`|jŚ
Gci. 8.
NuaĈrud aelcu dun`r `d {cdedjr hu oruaĈ "0392!?662#
\`oed 8.
NuaĈrud aelcu Śc a`ca dun`r `d {cdedjr hu oruaĈ "0392!?662#

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