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4037_w02_er

4037_w02_er

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Published by Khurram Ahmed

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Published by: Khurram Ahmed on Nov 22, 2008
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05/09/2014

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SR9IN0201
1
FOREWORD....................................................................................................................... 1
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS........................................................................................... 2
GCE Ordinary Level........................................................................................................................................ 2
Paper 4037/01 Paper 1................................................................................................................................. 2
Paper 4037/02 Paper 2................................................................................................................................. 5
This booklet contains reports written by Examiners on the work of candidates in certain papers.Its contents
are primarily for the information of the subject teachers concerned.
2
GCE Ordinary Level
Paper 4037/01
Paper 1
General comments

Candidates tended to find the Paper difficult. It was very noticeable that responses to those questions of a similar style and content to those of the previous syllabus (particularly Questions 1,2,6,9,11) were of a much higher standard than questions on topics which were completely new to the syllabus (Questions 5 and

10 in particular). The less stereotyped nature of Questions 3and 7 also presented candidates with
considerable problems. In general, the standard of numeracy, algebra and presentation shown by the
candidates was pleasing.
Comments on specific questions
Question 1
This proved to be a good starting question with most candidates correctly using tan\u03b8 =
q
q
cos
sin
to obtain
tan\u03b8 =
4
3
-
, though tan\u03b8=
4
3
+
or\u00b1
34were also common. Many weaker candidates used \u201csin\u03b8 = 1\u2212 cos\u03b8\u201d.
Candidates generally coped very well with realising that there were 2 solutions within the range of 0\u00b0 to 360\u00b0.
Answers: 143.1\u00b0 and 323.1\u00b0.
Question 2
Most candidates, having eliminatedy from the two equations to form a quadratic equation, then realised that
the discriminant of this equation was zero if the line was a tangent to the curve. A minority differentiated both
equations to obtain \u201cm =
21x\u201d and then substituted into one of the original equations to obtain a quadratic for
xor for y.At least a quarter of all candidates arriving at \u201cm\u00b2= k\u201d ignored the solution m=\u2212k.
Answer: m=\u00b1 3.
Question 3

This was very badly answered with a minority of candidates realising that the question only required the solution of a quadratic inequality \u2013 i.e.v> 5. At least half the candidates attempted to either differentiate or integrate and made no progress. Of those settingv = 0, most obtained two values fort but then either gave decimal equivalents or failed to realise the need to subtract the two values.

Answer: Proof.
Question 4
Most candidates realised the need to integrate the equation of the given curve and to link the area obtained
with the area of a rectangle to obtain the required answer. There were, however, a lot of errors, particularly
with the integration, with\u00f2
-
x
x
d
e
= e
\u2212xor\u00f2
+
=
+
1
e
d
e
1
x
x
x
x
being most frequent. Use of the limits\u22121 to 1

was generally used, and usually accurate; others used 0 to 1 and then doubled the answer. Most correctly obtained the value ofy at eitherx = 1 orx =\u22121 and correctly deduced the area of the rectangle. Others however took the rectangle as having an area equal to \u201c2\u00b4 value atx = 0\u201d.

Answer: 1.47.
3
Question 5

Generally speaking this question was either completely correct or worthless. It seemed that many candidates had never encountered the topic of matrices, whilst many weaker candidates found this the easiest question on the Paper. Failure to deal with the\u201c0\u201d in the original matrix caused some difficulty, but most problems came from fundamental lack of knowledge of the need for matrices to be compatible for matrix multiplication.

Answer: $27 600.
Question 6

The vast majority of candidates realised the need to integrate the given equation and it was pleasing that most of these included a constant of integration. Most also realised the need to sety = 0 at the point where the curve crossed thex-axis. Less than a half of all attempts at the integration were correct, mainly through

omission of the\u201c
21\u201d and inclusion of other functions ofx. Weaker candidates failed to realise that
C
n
a
b
ax
x
b
ax
n
n
+
+
+
=
+
\u00f2
+
)
1
(
)
(
d
)
(
1
and attempted instead to expand the denominator and to use three separate
terms for integration.
Answer: (1.75, 0).
Question 7
(i)

This question was badly answered with only a few completely correct attempts. Some candidates failed to recognise the need to use calculus for the first part and gave either long explanations or sketches or accurate graphs.

Those who differentiated were generally correct though
x
x
x
x
1
3
)
1
(
dd
3
+
=
-
+
was a common error. Most realised the need to set the differential to zero

though others incorrectly set the second differential to zero. It was pleasing that most realised that there was no solution to the equation 3x\u00b2 + 1 = 0 and that therefore the curve had no turning points. Very few however realised that because there were no turning points, the function was always increasing and therefore was one-one\u2013 and that the inverse existed for allx.

(ii)

This part was very disappointing, with only a small proportion realising the need to solve the cubic equation f(x) = 0, and that, because f(x) had no turning points, there could only be one solution i.e.x = 2 found by trial and improvement.

Answers:(i) No turning points, one-one function;(ii) 2.
Question 8

Responses to this question were very variable and because of the stereotyped nature of the question, some weaker candidates tended to find the question to their liking. Once candidates realised that the equation in part(i) reduced to a quadratic equation in ex, solutions tended to be correct, though

\u201c
10
)
1
2e
or
10
10
)
1
e
2
(
e
=
-
=
\u00de
=
-
x
(
x
e
x
x
\u201d was a frequent error. Many candidates took logarithms of
each term and made no progress. In part(ii) most candidates expressed the left hand side as
\u00f7\u00f7\u00f8\u00f6
\u00e7\u00e7\u00e8\u00e6
--56
8
log5
yy
, though several attempts were seen in which
(
)
(
)
5
log
6
8
log
5
5
--
yy
appeared. About a half of all
attempts realised that log416 = 2 and that the equation reduced to
2
5
56
8
=
--
yy
.
Answers:(i) ln2.5 or 0.916;(ii) 7.

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