a mans work. And work, properly conducted in conditions of human dignity andfreedom, blesses those who do it and equally their products.A modern economist may engage in highly sophisticated calculations onwhether full employment pays or whether it might be more economic to run aneconomy at less than full employment so as to insure a greater mobility of labor, abetter stability of wages, and so forth. His fundamental criterion of success is simplythe total quantity of goods produced during a given period of time.From a Buddhist point of view the implication means shifting the emphasis fromthe worker to the product of work, that is, form the human to the subhuman,surrender to the forces of evil.
chumacher sees simplicity as a keynote of Buddhist economics. Whatsthe connection between simplicity and nonviolence? Why doesBuddhism value simplicity? Does capitalism promote needlesscomplexity?
implicity and non-violence are closely related. The optimal pattern of consumption, producing a high degree of human satisfaction by means of arelatively low rate of consumption, allows people to live without great pressure andstrain and to fulfill the primary injunction of Buddhist teaching: Cease to do evil; tryto do good. As physical resources are everywhere limited, people satisfying theirneeds by means of a modest use of resources are less likely to be under pressure tomaintain life than people depending upon a high rate of use. People who live inhighly self-sufficient local communities are less likely to get involved in large-scaleviolence than people whose existence depends on worldwide systems of trade.