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United States Relations With China US Gov 1949 1091pgs GOV POL

United States Relations With China US Gov 1949 1091pgs GOV POL

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Published by: Bonusje on Feb 27, 2012
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United States Relations With
China
With Special Referenceto the Period 1944-1949
BASED ON THE FILES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE
 
Department of State Publication 3573Far Eastern Series 30Released August 1949Division of Publications
Office of Public Affairs
 
Letter of Transmittal
DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Washington, July 30, 1949
THE PRESIDENT
:
In accordance with your wish, I have had com-
piled a record of our relations with China, special emphasis beingplaced on the last five years
.
This record is being published and willtherefore be available to the Congress and to the people of the UnitedStates
.
Although the compilation is voluminous, it necessarily covers arelatively small part of the relations between China and the UnitedStates. Since the beginning of World War II, these relations have
involved many Government departments and agencies
. The prepara-tion of the full historical record of that period is by no means yetcomplete. Because of the great current interest in the problems con-fronting China, I have not delayed publication until the completeanalysis could be made of the archives of the National Military Estab-lishment, the Treasury Department, the Lend-Lease Administration,the White House files and many other official sources
.
However, I
instructed those charged with the compilation of this document topresent a record which would reveal the salient facts which determinedour policy toward China during this period and which reflect theexecution of that policy. This is a frank record of an extremely com-plicated and most unhappy period in the life of a great country to
which the United States has long been attached by ties of
closest friendship
.
No available item has been omitted because
it contains statements critical of our policy or might be the basis offuture criticism. The inherent strength of our system is the respon-siveness of the Government to an informed and critical public opinion
.
It is precisely this informed and critical public opinion which totali-tarian governments, whether Rightist or Communist, cannot endureand do not tolerate
.
The interest of the people and the Government of the United Statesin China goes far back into our history. Despite the distance andbroad differences in background which separate China and the UnitedStates, our friendship for that country has always been intensified by