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D.C. Juvenile Arrest Trends, 2007-2010

D.C. Juvenile Arrest Trends, 2007-2010

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Trends in juvenile arrests in the District for 2007-2010, compiled by DC Lawyers for Youth. Used with permission of DC Lawyers for Youth.
Trends in juvenile arrests in the District for 2007-2010, compiled by DC Lawyers for Youth. Used with permission of DC Lawyers for Youth.

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 DC Lawyers for Youth January 2011
DCLY Issue Brief 
Juvenile Arrest Trends in the District of Columbia (2007-2010)
Key FindingsIntroduction
 
Total juvenile arrestsdecreased 9.4% between2009 and 2010.
In 2010, the District of Columbia’s attention was captured by anumber of high profile incidents involving wards of theDepartment of Youth Rehabilitation Services (DYRS). Thesewell-publicized incidents led to claims that juvenile crime,especially serious juvenile crime, was on the rise in the District.This alleged increase in juvenile crime was blamed, in large part,on DYRS and resulted in calls for major changes at the agency.The following brief will review juvenile arrest trends over the lastfour years in the District of Columbia to determine whether  juvenile crime in the District is increasing. In particular, the brief will examine recent trends in overall juvenile arrests, trends inspecific categories of arrests, and trends in arrests for specificcharges.This brief will be the first in a multi-part series analyzing datapertaining to juvenile crime in the District of Columbia. The goalof the series will be to provide a complete picture of trendsrelating to juvenile justice in the District so that local policy can be driven by sound research and analysis instead of impreciseanecdotal evidence often driven by isolated incidents.
 
Juvenile arrests for Part Iserious offenses decreased20.6% between 2007 and2010.
 
The recent increase in juvenile arrests for violentoffenses is driven almostexclusively by an increase in juvenile arrests for robbery.
 
Juvenile arrests for “other misdemeanors” increased122% since 2007 and nowaccount for 33% of all juvenile arrests.
 
Juvenile homicide arrests,while higher than last year,are within the range of recent years.
 
 2DC Lawyers for Youth Issue Brief January 2011
TREND
 
1:
 
T
OTAL JUVENILE ARRESTSDECREASED
9.4%
BETWEEN
2009
AND
2010.
In 2010, total juvenile arrests in the District of Columbia (i.e., arrests of individuals age 17 andunder) dropped 9.4%. This marked a decreasein total juvenile arrests from a recent high of 4,086 arrests in 2009 to 3,700 arrests in 2010.2010 juvenile arrests also fell below the 2008 juvenile arrest mark of 3,813, but remainedabove the 2007 mark (Table 1, Figure 1).The sizeable decline in juvenile arrests over recent years occurred across a wide range of major offenses, including arrests for AggravatedAssault, Unauthorized Use of a Vehicle,Theft/Larceny, Narcotic Drug offenses,Weapons offenses, and Other Assaults (Table 1).The only major categories of juvenile arrestswithout substantial decreases were Burglary,Robbery, Other Misdemeanors, and Other Felonies (Table 1).In 2010, 3,700 out of the 51,384 total arrestsmade by the Metropolitan Police Department(MPD) involved juveniles. Juveniles (age 10 to17) made up approximately 8% of the total DCpopulation and 7.2% of total arrests. In contrast,adults (age 18 and over) accounted for 81% of DC’s population but 92.8% of arrests. (Table 1).
1
 Thus, adults are overrepresented in arrestsrelative to their representation in the generalpopulation.
Number of Arrests Percent change
2007 2008 2009 2010 2007-2010 2009-2010
Part I Offenses 1,167 1,033 1,086 927
-20.6% -14.6%Aggravated Assault 218 149 176 156 -28.4% -11.4%Arson 10 7 6 5 -50.0% -16.7%Burglary 49 52 61 71 44.9% 16.4%Homicide/Manslaughter 10 16 11 13 30.0% 18.2%Larceny/Theft 115 110 167 107 -7.0% -35.9%Rape/Sexual Abuse 2 4 3 4 100.0% 33.3%Robbery 257 297 353 380 47.9% 7.6%UUV 506 398 309 191 -62.3% -38.2%
Other Offenses
Narcotic Drug Laws 350 352 340 256 -26.9% -24.7%Weapons 186 190 165 135 -27.4% -18.2%Other Assaults 471 478 549 425 -9.8% -22.6%Other Misdemeanors 555 832 1013 1233 122.2% 21.7%Other Felonies 320 372 350 325 1.6% -7.1%
All Juvenile Offenses
3,472 3,813 4,086 3,700 6.6% -9.4%
All Adult Offenses
46,541 47,561 48,789 47,684 2.5% -2.3%
Table 1. District of Columbia Juvenile Arrests (2007-2010)
2
34723813408637000500100015002000250030003500400045002007 2008 2009 2010
Figure 1. Juvenile Arrests for All Offenses
 
 3DC Lawyers for Youth Issue Brief January 2011
TREND
 
2:
 
J
UVENILE ARRESTS FOR 
P
ART
I
 SERIOUS OFFENSES DECREASED
20.6%
BETWEEN
2007
AND
2010.
Even though the total number of total juvenilearrests increased between 2007 and 2009, juvenile arrests for Part I serious offensesdecreased substantially during those years(Figure 2). In 2010 alone, juvenile arrests for these serious offenses decreased 14.6%. In total, juvenile arrests for Part I offenses decreased20.6% between 2007 and 2010. (Table 1).This decline in juvenile arrests for Part I offenseswas driven primarily by substantial declines in juvenile arrests for Aggravated Assault,Unauthorized Use of a Vehicle (UUV), andTheft/Larceny. Between 2007 and 2010, juvenilearrests for Aggravated Assault fell 28.4%, arrestsfor UUV fell 62.3%, and arrests for Theft/Larceny fell 7%. (Table 1, Figures 3-5).However, while arrests for Part I offensesgenerally were down between 2007 and 2010, juvenile arrests for Burglary and Robbery are upsizably from 2007. Between 2007 and 2010, juvenile arrests for Burglary increased 44.9% andarrests for Robbery increased 47.9%. (Table 1,Figures 6-7, next page). 
2181491761560501001502002502007 2008 2009 2010
Figure 3. Juvenile Arrests for AggravatedAssault (2007-2010)
50639830919101002003004005006002007 2008 2009 2010
Figure 4. Juvenile Arrests for UUV (2007-2010)
1151101671070204060801001201401601802007 2008 2009 2010
Figure 5. Juvenile Arrests for Larceny/Theft(2007-2010)
11671033108692702004006008001000120014002007 2008 2009 2010
Figure 2. Juvenile Arrests for Part I Offenses(2007-2010)
D
EFINITION OF
P
ART
I
 
O
FFENSES
3
 
The FBI collects data about Part I offenses in order tomeasure the level and scope of crime throughout theU.S. The Part I offenses are: Criminal Homicide,Forcible Rape, Robbery, Aggravated Assault,Burglary, Larceny/Theft, Motor Vehicle Theft, andArson.

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