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pg 19

pg 19

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Published by: Advice Pro on Feb 27, 2012
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02/27/2012

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C
HAPTER
4 _______________
Phase of Viscera
4.2
V
ISCERA
 Zang
(viscera) refers to internal organs of the body;
 xiang
(phase or appearance) here refers mainly to the outwardphysiological and pathological manifestations. Zhang Jingyue, afamous physician in the Ming dynasty said in his
Classified Canon(Leijing), "zang
implies storage, while
 xiang,
figure and appearance.Since viscera are located within the body and their phase isobserved from the outside of the body, these two characters
 zang
and
 xiang
put together denote phase of viscera."
4.3
V
ISCERA
-
PHASE
D
OCTRINE
 The viscera-phase doctrine states that by observing thephysiological and pathological manifestations of the human body,one can study the physiological functions and pathological changesof its various viscera, their interactions and the interrelationshipbetween visceral organs and structures of the body and the externalenvironment.Five
 Zang
Organs. The heart, lungs, spleen, liver and kidneysare together known as the five
 zang
organs. The
 zang
organ wasdescribed in
The Yellow Emperors Internal Canon of Medicine(Huangdi Neijing)
as an internal organ for storing and reserving. Thecommon physiological property of the five
 zang
organs is to produceand store vital essence.Six
Fu
Organs. The gallbladder, stomach, small intestine, largeintestine, urinary bladder, and
tn-jiao
(triple-burner or triplewarmer) are known collectively as the six/// organs. The/// organ wasreferred to in the
Huangdi Neijing
as a container or a warehouse. Thecommon functional property of the six/// organs is to take in,transport, and transform foodstuffs.
Oiheng
(Extraordinary)
Fu
Organs. The two characters,
qi
(this adifferent character than that of the character
qi
that means energy;

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