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27796925 Ali Mad Ani Pour s Design of Urban Space an Inquiry Into a Socio Spatial Process

27796925 Ali Mad Ani Pour s Design of Urban Space an Inquiry Into a Socio Spatial Process

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Published by: Liviu Coman on Feb 28, 2012
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//A
H
h I
Design
of
Urban Space
An Inquiry intoa Socio-spatialProcess
University of Newcastle,Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
JOHN WILEY & SONS
Chichester New York • Brisbar)e Toronto Singapore
 
Copyright
©
1996 by John Wiley & Sons Ltd,Baffins Lane, Chichester,West Sussex P019 lUD, EnglandNational 01243 779777International
(+
44) 1243 779777e-mail (for orders and customer service enquiries);cs-books@wiley.co.uk Visit our Home Page onhttp://www.wiley.co.uk or http:/ /www.wiley.com All Rights Reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in
a
retrieval system,
or
transmitted,
in
any form
or
by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning
or
otherwise, except under the terms
of
the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988
or
under the terms of
a
hcence issued
by
the Copyright Licensing Agency, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London WIP 9HE, UK,without the permission in writing
of
the publisher.
Other Wiley Editorial Offices
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 605 Third Avenue,New York, NY 10158-0012, USAJacaranda Wiley Ltd, 33 Park Road, Milton,Queensland 4064, AustraliaJohn Wiley & Sons (Canada) Ltd,
22
Worcester Road,Rexdale, Ontario M9W ILl, CanadaJohn Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd,
2
Clement! Loop #02-01,Jin Xing Distripark, Singapore 129809
Contents
Library
of
Congress Cataloging~in-Publication Data
Madanipour,
Ali
Design
of
Urban Space:
an
inquiry into
a
socio-spatial process
/Aii
Madanipourp,
cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.ISBN 0-471-96672-X (cloth).~ISBN 0-471-96573-8 (pbk).
1.
Space (Architecture).
2.
City planning—History—20th century.3. Architecture and society—History—20th century.
I.
Title.NA9053.S6M33
1996
7ir,4—dc20
96-21431CIP
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
A
catalogue record for this book is available from the British LibraryISBN 0-471-96672-X (cloth)ISBN 0-471-96673-8 (paper)Typeset in 10/12pt Palatino from the author's disks by Mackreth Media Services,Hemel Hempstead, HertsPrinted and bound in Great Britian by Bookcraft (Bath) Ltd.This book
is
printed on acid-free paper responsibly manufactured from sustainable forestation, for whichat least two trees arc planted for each one used for paper production.
IntroductionPART ONE PERSPECTIVES INTO URBAN SPACEChapter 1 Understanding Urban SpaceDilemmas of spaceAbsolute and relational spaceSpace and massPhysical and social spaceMental and real spaceAbstract and differential spaceSpace and timeSpace and place -Space and specializationConclusionChapter 2 Structural Frameworks of Urban SpaceSocio-spatial geometries of urban spaceNatural spaceCreated spaceUrban form and historical processesThe city as a work of artThe city as an embodiment of functionsEcology of urban structureThe internal structure of the cityUrban morphologyPolitical economy of urban structureConclusionChapter 3 People in the CityEnvironmental cognitionA behavioural approach to spaceMapping urban images4471012162023262831313538394345484953566063636566
 
ContentsContents
vii
Meaning and urban semiotics 69Perspective of everyday life 73Order and difference in urban space 75City of strangers 78Fear and crime in urban space 80Women in urban space 83Conclusion 87PART TWO THE MAKING OF URBAN SPACEChapter 4 Urban Design Process 91What is urban design? 91Ambiguities of urban design 92Macro- or micro-scale urban design? 94Urban design as visual or spatial management? 97Urban design as nice images 97Urban design as the aesthetics of the urban environment 99Urban design as social or spatial management? 102Process or product? 104Professional divide 107A public or private sector activity? 109Objective-rational or subjective-irrational? 110Urban design as a technical process 113Urban design as a social process 113Urban design as a creative process 115Conclusion 117Chapter 5 Production
of
the Built
Environment
119Urban design and the development process 119Models of the development process 122Supply-demand models . 123Equilibrium models 123Event-sequence models 124Agency models 126Political economy models 127Capital-labour models 127Structure-agency models 128Use value and exchange value 130Structures and agencies 132Urban development process and urban form 135A model of the development process 136Impact of change in the development process on urban space 137Commodification of space and standardization of design 137Globalization of the development industry 141Privatization of public space 144What is pubhc space? 146Public sphere theoriesPublic space in a shopping mall?Conclusion
Chapter
6 Regulating
Urban Form
The state, the market and space productionPlanning and designDesign controlDesign control or aesthetic control?Does aesthetics matter?Aesthetic judgement: subjective or objective?Who sets the aesthetic standards?Good urban formPlanning documents and designGovernment adviceDevelopment plansDesign guidesDesign briefsOther experiences of design controlConclusion
Chapter
7
Images of Perfection
UtopiaUrban contextUrbanism of the metropolitan paradigmModernist urban designPost-modern urbanismAnti-urban paradigmSuburbanismPlanned anti-urbanismSocialist anti-urbanismBroadacre CityMicro-urbanism of the small town paradigmGarden cities. Neighbourhood unitRadburnPlanned decentralization of LondonBritish new townsNew UrbanismConclusionChapter 8BibliographyIndexDesign of Urban Space148150153155155158160161163165167169171172172174175177181183185186188188192196197200200201201202204205206206209213215223237

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