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Published by: MGSoG on Feb 28, 2012
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WarfareExperience during OntogenyIncreasesEgalitarian and Parochial Motivations
Michal Bauer
Charles University in Prague and CERGE-EI 
Alessandra Cassar
University of San Francisco 
Julie Chytilová
Charles Universityin Prague 
Joseph Henrich
University of British Columbia 
University of Maastricht
February 16
th
, 2012
 
Motivation
Other-regarding preferences
 –are common and facilitate cooperation in large groups(Henrich etal. 01, Camerer 03, Fehr and Gachter 02, Fehr and Fischbacher03) exogenous?Shaped by a society and its history?
Legacies of war
 –“Development in reverse(Collier 2003)
Negative effects on physical and human capital, at least in the shortterm (e.g., Deininger2003, Verwimp 2005, Do and Iyer 2009)Break down of social norms, deterioration of institutions and re-occurrence of conflict(Collier et al. 2003; Collier and Hoeffler 2004)
 –Positive effects on social capital and institution-building?
More voting in Uganda (Blattman 09), participation in local collective action in SierraLeone (Bellows and Miguel08), more sharing with neighbors (Voors et al. fothcoming)State-formation and nation-building in Europe after WWII (Tilly and Ardant 75)
 
Motivation
Evolutionary approach:Inter-group conflictas a source ofhuman prosociality(Bowles 2008, Choi and Bowles 07)
 –Parochialism: stronger group identity to harness out-group hostility –Suppress within-group competition: inequality aversion, altruism –Promote within-group cooperation
Research question: Does experience of warfare
 –intensify other-regarding preferences and –increase parochialism (in-group bias)?

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